Karma: Myth and Philosophical TheoryFew days ago, I read an article on Karma. I have enjoyed that Article. It is very rare when you get chance to read an article which force you to bend your mind for thinking beyond the boundaries of your bubble of thoughts. I would like to request with reader that if they want they can visit my friend website. He writes about various topics and ideas which are energetic and great.His Article raised many question about the concept of karma. I replied him in his comment box but that was short and unorganized reply. So, I thought that it should be create as blog where I would be able to explain my point more efficiently. There is five major question raised in that article. These questions are related to law of karma, implication and evidence of existence.The first question is about if there is some kind of karma (good and bad), than who will decide that what is good karma? According to whom it will indicate that Karma is good or bad?Before exploring this answer, we must understand that in western dictionary, karma is considered as Consequence of our action. But in Indian philosophy, the definition of karma is slightly different. Karma is not confined to mere consequence of an individual action or action of a society. The word "Karma" is defined as consequence of an individual action within fold of adharma and dharma. Here, Dharma is the natural properties define by Nature to an object and adharma is resistive nature towards someone natural properties. For example, Water has properties to cool material object and Fire can burn objects. These properties of fire and water have predetermine consequence by nature. This is how nature has been constructed and natural consequence is mechanically knot with infinite causality with others. So, human natural properties has been define into three nature- Good (Sattav), Bad (Tamas) and Gray (Rajas). No human can be extreme good or bad.In various ratios, our natural properties have been construct which is direct or indirect result of our location and the era we born.So, Karma is consequence of our action which is result of what we do against or in favour of our swadharma (A term defined for individual dharma because people have various properties). It is not plain consequence of our action.[caption id="attachment_8979" align="aligncenter" width="321"] Endless Knot of karma[/caption]Now, Question arise what is good karma and what is bad karma?As a man himself sows, so he himself reaps; no man inherits the good or evil act of another man. The fruit is of the same quality as the action.— Mahabharata, xii.291.2This verse of mahabharata explain an outline of Good and bad karma. Human life is mirror of his own action. Definition of Good karma is comes from your own perception about world. If a person want to be wealthy, he must do action which not hurt someone else financially. If a person want to be love by everyone, he must be kind to others. There is no God words and holy direction to achieve good karma. There is only one dharmic rule."Do the same action which you expect from others."So,good and bad karma according to whom? This can be answer with this dharmic rule that "according to you". According to our understanding of good and bad karma.Irrespective of this dharmic rule for karma, Human is social animal. In this world we are so strongly interlinked that sometime it is hard for us to even understand that what went wrong within our society. In that situation, Hindu philosophy introduces the concept of Guru or swami. a person who studied the society and spread word against any action or karma which is not in line with current need of society. They are like ancient social reformer. Because eastern religion, especially Hinduism has decentralised religious structure, so it is very hard to challenge any change proposed by Guru and swami.But the negative side of this decentralise religious structure is that it take long time for social reform.The second question raised by article is that the idea of karma concerns free will. The dividing line between what is free action and what is not free action is unclear. Accusation has that Indian school of thought says there is moral consequence to freely undertaken actions. This idea is really thought provoking that weather karma conflict with free will of human. But the bigger question is that do we have really a free will? Let's understand with an example.I was habitual drinker of Coca cola in my young age. Whenever I got chance to drink a cold drink, I always ordered to shopkeeper for coca cola. That was spontaneous to me because my brain was habitual for that. This thing happens with many people for various habits. Some people prefer orange juice over other fruit juice. Some people always prefer apple over other fruits. So, our action or we can say, our choice is construction and pattern of our habits, our patterns. Our will (which is spontaneous) has been drive through such repeated information in our sub conscious mind. Do we have free will? or it's just mechanical outcome of our sub consciousness[/caption] Sure!! We are conscious human being and when it comes to choose different action from our habits we chose with a will we think are free. But the question is that really an action depends on our free will.I think partially its depend on our free will but mostly it is depend on how we look that action or will. Our conscious brain always calculates the risk and tracks all information about that action before executing. Any bitter experience and memory can put that action on hold. But at final stage, it is required other natural properties like ratio of taking risk, our passion for that action (if it attach to a passion) or our current physical and financial condition.We simply do not wish and start implementing. It is complex.Well, now there is concern that some ideas are result of outside moral force which has power of judgement and of inflicting repercussions. As we understand that free will is almost result of our understanding about world and the natural properties which we inherit. So, any action which we do within social framework has social implication. Every society has primitive understanding of world. This infinite net of primitive understanding of world and our collective experience from past is reflect in our current culture, social norms, social ideologies and rituals. Primitive understanding of natural phenomenon has created social ideas.it has no direct relationship to do with original philosophy.These social ideas are rigid and the power of judgement to any different idea comes from these social rigid ideologies and experience. The moral implication has no direct link with original philosophy but social peer pressure which follows the law of social majoritarianism.Yes, there is moral consequence of free will. But this consequence is not result of conflict with karmic theory but these moral consequences are result of contradiction with social framework which based on rigid idea. This rigid idea is result of collective social experience and understanding. These ideas have been promote and protect by religious institute in western religion while in Hinduism there is no protection for such rigid ideas. But as stated, due to decentralize system of religious knowledge such idea still exist in various shape and form in Indian society. I do not think that there is any contradiction and parallel fight with karma and free will here. I often observed that western scholars approach to Indian philosophy with western social theories and analytical tools. For understanding of Indian core belief and philosophy. They should understand that Indian society, Indian point of view and Indian philosophy cannot be analyse with the social theories which is developed for western societies.There was another concern that whether in Indian philosophy there any clear distinction between free will and what is not free?I have to agree with this question that there is no clear distinction because we have failed to defined free will. Whether or not humans have free will is a question that philosophers have debated for centuries, and they will likely continue to do so. Psychology can provide some insights into how free will—or at least a belief in its existence—might work, but beyond that, we likely cannot verify or invalidate its existence.There is third problem was with theory of karma which said "if you do good karma, the consequence will be good. A bad karma result bad consequence".I think this the toughest question to answer. writer says in that article"It is hard to see how some kind of natural karmic law could understand good and bad which are subjective to moral ideas that depend on the perspective of a personal agent, whether that person be a human being or God."First mistake which I found that this is utterly misunderstood concept that the karmic laws is idea based on a perspective of a person or God. The theory of karma is result of long time observation by many sages and their early understanding about people various condition. Second thing which is being conveyed by Indian philosophy that Nature itself an automatic mechanism, Humans are just part of this large mechanism. Universe is materialistic result of this natural mechanism.[caption id="attachment_media-66" align="alignnone" width="3840"] Dalai Lama on Theory of kamra[/caption]Human lives within universe, so any small human action result effect on nature. The question is that whether law of karma has any empirical evidence or not? I am doubtful that these evidence is like mystical experience. I have few experiencing evidence and many millions people have few but it is not as applicable for all others who haven't experience it. All natural laws like karma (Dharmic action), Dharma (Righteous way of life) , Gyana (self-Enlightenment) & Maya (Materialistic illusion) is very personal in nature. In physical world, a scientist spend his all life and invent something which can be used by every other being which is not involve into the studies of that invention. While In Laws of nature, Only a person can experience the natural power, self-enlightenment , materialistic illusion when he do his part of tapas (natural enlightenment).The question rises how we can achieve that enlightenment. Many suggest Yoga, wondering within nature, social works, spending time with Gurus and Swami. But I find it partial practices. The real enlightenment can be attend by Four methods explain in Bhagwat Gita.Karma yoga (a life with righteous action)Gyan yoga (A life which spend to studies nature and natural activities)Bhakti yoga (a life which involve deep devotion for anyone, your life partner, kids, any kind of God, communities)Raja Yoga (A life which is indulged into your profession which you do)Hinduism makes sure that everyone attends Moksha at last. We can have very different blog about this topic.Well, Karma is myth or not is very different question. I think, I am unable to answer that question in this blog. But I would like to have a short note over this. Writer wrote that"If God decides for that to happen on any particular occasion. There are no absolute laws of cause and effect outside the will of god".I would disagree with this statement for two reasons.First reason is that in all Hinduism scripture it stated that god and avatar (incarnation of god on earth) can have consequence (bad) of their moral actions (which was suitable for that different era). Let's take example from the Indian epics of India "Ramayana" and "Mahabharata"In Ramayana, Ram had friendship with sugreev ( a exiled monkey king). His brother bali (another powerful monkey king) had stolen the kingdom and sugreev wife from him. So he decided to take help of Lord Rama. But Bali had a boon that anyone who comes in front of him loose his half power to him. So Rama decided to kill him by hidden passage of trees. But when Lord ram, reincarnated as lord Krishana than Bali killed Krishana. Bali had taken rebirth as archer on era of Mahabharat. Lord Ram had been to face consequence of his action in another birth.Second reason thatO son of Prtha, there is no Karma prescribed for me within all the three planetary systems. Nor am I in want of anything, nor have I need to obtain anything—and yet I am engaged in karma. Chapter 3, Verse 22 .Here Lord Krishana describes how he is also bounded with laws of karma. These two example clearly describe that even god is bounded to these laws of nature. Natural laws are most powerful and govern universe.#smblogcontest
Today I’m going to share the review about the 3 books that made a huge impact on my mind. I have read somewhere that we inspired by words when that feelings are in our harmony but when we find the exact words for the same, we accept it without any objections.
Lyricist Songwriter Stories writer Haiku Poetry Writer English language and Quotes English Writer. Gigs and Management Programs .Poliical Analyst.
Blessing, Philosophy and Wish. A small Note generated by Mantri Marku. Please Read and give Liking and feed-back.
India is the country that has given birth to a variety of arts and cultures. The prospects of studying humanities have been increasing by the day. I can confidently say that studying the following streams, even though looked down upon by the Indian society, is a blissful experience. These are the sciences that deal with human beings, society and culture. If you planning a career in social science (any field), you have come to the right place. Let’s unleash the plethora of opportunities and build a dream career for you!1. Architecture:Even though it is often debated if B.Arch is art or a science degree, it is safe to say that it has traits of both. Architecture is the art and science of designing and planning buildings. It requires mathematical proficiency and creative thinking. Planning and architecture have been the very foundation of urban life.Career Prospects:Technical Architect: Information Technology based specifications, models and managementDesign Architect: Creative drawing and planning of the basic structure of the buildingInterior Designing: construction documents, furniture layouts, power and communications, designs, materials and finishes.Top Colleges:Department of Planning and Architecture (Delhi)Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur)Sir JJ College of Architecture (Mumbai)Manipal Institute of Technology (Manipal)Chandigarh College of Architecture (Chandigarh)BIT- Birla Institute of Technology (Mesra)2. Classics:The course on classics is an interdisciplinary study of literature, society and culture of Greeks and Romans (both ancient and modern). It is a popular course in humanities in foreign countries, especially Europe. Study of classics in India can help us understand the dynamics of various ancient civilisations, literature, linguistics, history, archaeology, epics, philosophy, religious studies and so on.Career prospects:Museum and gallery curatorSharing expertise through teaching and research in universitiesSharing subject knowledge in legal firmsJournalism, editorial assistant and content writingTop Colleges:Nalanda University (Rajgir)Serampore University (Kolkata)University of Mumbai (Mumbai)Aligarh Muslim University (Aligarh)Madras Christian College (Chennai)3. English Literature:English literature examines various literary works such as prose, poetry, drama etc. It was initially restricted to Britain but today it is one of the most popular choices of social science graduates all over the world. It analyses the growth of literature, Indian, British and American, novels, authors, writing styles and impact of literature in the modern world.Career prospects:Web content writing, digital copywriting, editing, publishing, translating and authorshipJournalism, Social media manager, newspaper and magazine journalistLecturer, education consultant, information officer and tutorTop Colleges:University of Delhi (Delhi)Jawaharlal Nehru University (Delhi)Jamia Millia Islamia University (Delhi)English and Foreign Languages University (Hyderabad)Loyola College (Chennai)4. Fashion & Designing:This course needs no introduction! Many of us aspire to be even half as creative as designers. With multiple career options after a degree, fashion and designing have become one of the most sought after course in India as well as abroad. It mainly focuses on beauty, fashion, costume designing, graphic designing and so on.Career prospects:Fashion designing: costumes, accessories, fabrics, designs, textures and style outfits.Retail buyer: business and management, working in the fashion marketStylist: Picking out the best from a wardrobe/designer’s collection, makeup and hairstylist- magazines, weddings, photographers, models etc.Top Colleges:NIFT – National Institute of Fashion Technology (Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata...)Pearl Academy (Delhi)Symbiosis Institute of Design (Pune)Vogue Institute of Art and Design (Bangalore)5. Fine arts and Performing arts: If your passion is to build a creative career then this is the choice for you. Every moment will be joyous but the rising competition in this field is also a matter of concern. This course needs hard work and perseverance to make it big. Fine arts/Visual arts include drawing, painting, sculpture, graphics, film studies, photography, music, poetry, conceptual art etc. Performing arts include theatre, music and dance (western and classical).Career prospects:Broadcasting, film and mediaMusic, dance and theatreScreenwriter, actor, producer etcArts administratorExhibition and graphic designerCommercial art gallery managerTop Colleges:Annamalai University (Tamil Nadu)IPS- Indore Professional Studies Academy (Indore)Savithri Phule Pune UniversityRoyal Global University (Guwahati)Parul Institute of Fine Arts (Vadodara)5. Geography:Human geography mainly covers the study of people, communities, cultures and their interaction with the environment. It is a much sought after course for nature-lovers and graduates who are keen on making a difference in the environment.Career prospects:Cartographer and map illustratorEnvironment consultant, town planner, landscape architect etcRecycling/Conservation officerLecturer or ProfessorTop Colleges:Fergusson College (Pune)Symbiosis College of Arts and Commerce (Pune)Banaras Hindu University (Varanasi)University of Delhi (Delhi)6. History & Archaeology:One of the most wondrous branches of social science is the study of the human past, ancient and modern civilisations. While history uses written sources, archaeology focuses on the remains to decipher the events that have occurred in the past. This course helps us understand the implications of history and how it has shaped our unique cultures. This is perhaps the most popular course in social science in foreign countries.Career prospects:Civil service administrator, solicitor and archivistAcademic librarian, journalist and heritage managerLecturing and tutoringTop Colleges:Loyola College (Chennai)Lady Shri Ram College (Delhi)Miranda House College (Delhi)Presidency College (Chennai)Institute of Archaeology (Noida)7. Language and Linguistics:Does your passion tell you to challenge the monotony of your tongue? If yes, this is the best course for you. There are nearly 1,652 languages in India and several others in the world. Ancient languages such as Greek, Latin, Arabic, Sanskrit etc have great prospects in modern society.Career prospects:Teaching English as a foreign languageLexicographerPublishing, copywriting, editing and proofreadingSpeech and language therapistTop Colleges:Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages (Hyderabad)Jawaharlal Nehru University (Delhi)University of Calcutta (Kolkata)Aligarh Muslim University (Aligarh)University of Kerala (Thiruvananthapuram)8. Law & Legal Studies:Are you interested in the legal/judicial system of our country? It is time for you to save this world from criminals and law-breaking persons. Let’s discuss LLB and LLM. These courses mainly give you an overview of the laws in the constitution, rights and duties, quantitative analysis and problem solving, judicial system of not only but also other countries and international relations.Career prospects:Paralegal, Arbitrator, Jury consultant, attorney, case managerCivil services administratorLegal analyst and assistant, social activist, legal services director etcA judge or advocateTop Colleges:National Law School of India University (Bangalore)National Law University (Delhi)NALSAR University of Law (Hyderabad)The West Bengal University of Juridical Sciences (Kolkata)The National Law Institute University (Bhopal)ILS- Indian Law Society’s Law College (Pune)9. Philosophy:It consists of classical and contemporary philosophical writings, the nature of truth, knowledge, mindfulness of the soul and body, the difference between right and wrong, the existence of God etc. It represents the poetic form of one’s life.Career prospects:Business, finance, marketing and salesProviding subject knowledge at legal firmsJournalism- newspapers and magazinesTop colleges:Lady Shri Ram College (Delhi)Loyola College (Chennai)Christ University (Bangalore)Miranda House (Delhi)Jawaharlal Nehru University (Delhi)10. Politics and International Relations:India, being one of the largest growing nations in the world, seeks graduates who are willing to take studies relating to the position of India with respect to other countries. This course requires extensive knowledge of current affairs, the political and legal system, different national and international organisations, economic development, and trade relations with other countries and so on.Career prospects:Legal consultant and policy analystLegislative assistantPublic relations specialist and social researcherMarket research analystCivil service fast streamerTop Colleges:Jawaharlal Nehru University (Delhi)Jadavpur University (Kolkata)Christ University (Bangalore)South Asian University (Delhi)Madras Christian College (Chennai)11. Psychology:The human mind often baffles us. In this modern world, it is very important to know what goes on in that little device of ours. Psychology helps us learn and examine the various clinical, behavioural and emotional aspects of the human brain. It is a highly recommended career choice for most social science graduates.Career prospects:Psychiatrist, career counsellor, probation and parole officerAdvertising agent and market researcherHuman resources professionalLaboratory AssistantTop Colleges:Lady Shri Ram College (Delhi)Jesus and Mary College (Delhi)St. Xavier's College (Mumbai)Presidency College (Chennai)Christ University (Bangalore)Mithibai College of Arts (Mumbai)Gargi College (Delhi)12. Social work:Is caring for humanity your most cherished skill? If helping and assisting others in need gives you pleasure then this is the perfect course for you. It gives you an opportunity to learn the technical aspects of social work. It includes cultural diversity, social institutions, underprivileged groups, human behaviour and education.Career prospects:Nursing in hospitals and clinics, medical and psychiatric social work- mental health counsellor, family/marriage therapist, speech pathologist etcChild welfare services and health educatorSocial/Community Service ManagerTop Colleges:Tata Institute of Social Sciences (Mumbai)University of Delhi (Delhi)Rajagiri College for Social Sciences (Kochi)Loyola College (Chennai)Christ University (Bangalore)13. Sociology & Anthropology:A course in sociology/anthropology will give you the ultimate guide to the knowledge of human society. It comprises family, education, religion, social institutions and associations, culture and traditions of the society etc. It is highly sought after course in India and other countries.Career prospects:Guidance counsellor and journalismHuman Resources Representative, lawyer, policy analyst, social activism etcManagement consultant, public policy analyst, market research analyst and media plannerHuman services administration, social work, education and law enforcementTop Colleges:Loyola College (Chennai)Miranda College (Delhi)Christ University (Bangalore)Hindu College (Delhi)Hansraj College (Delhi)Punjab University (Chandigarh)Ashoka University (Sonipat)
Mystery - In Gita Verse 2.47 You have a right to perform your prescribed duty, but you are not entitled to the fruits of action. Never consider yourself the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty.Now Krishna is saying something how we can live in this objective world through our subjectivity. Perform your prescribed duty means, in the family to your children as parents, to your friends as friends, to your spouse as spouse, to your society as a human being, to your nation as citizens, to the world as one body, in the universe as a whole.Every stage your action is needed what you have to deliver or give. Just focus on what you have to deliver play your role joyfully, and don’t even wait for the fruits. Live into the mystery.Existence is waiting to receive us and it can only receive us when we can deliver our actions. Not by demanding even the fruits of the actions. This is real MYSTERY.Existence is a mystery. It is not something that you have to solve. It is not a problem, nor is it a puzzle; there is no solution to it. No philosophy can demystify it. You can experience it, you can enjoy it, you can dance it, you can live it, but you cannot know it.The young mother is skeptically examining the new educational toy. “Isn’t it rather complicated for a young boy?” she asks the assistant.“It is the very latest idea,” replies the girl. “It is designed to adjust the child to living in today’s world. Any way he tries to put it together is wrong.”But this small anecdote is true about existence. Any way you want to explain it, your explanation is wrong. Those who know it do not try to explain it. They only describe its beauty, its truth, its glory, its blissfulness. They only give you some indications that may create a longing in you to find out what it is.Once you enter it, you will forget all about finding out what it is. Enjoying it so much, who cares what it is? What are you going to do with your explanations? And anyway there is no explanation. The whole of existence is only an experience without any explanation. This is it's transcendental-ness. It transcends all understanding, all knowledge, all explanation, all philosophy. But you can experience it. You can become one with it. It is always ready to absorb you. Just as the ocean is ready to absorb any dewdrop.Existence is always waiting and willing, welcoming. You just have to learn a little courage, just a little courage. One jump and you are gone forever into the mysterious. You yourself become a mystery. Every mystic is a mystery. He has become one with the ultimate mystery. Mysticism is not a religion because it has no theology, no philosophy, no doctrine, creed, cult. It explains nothing. It simply shows you the way to move into the unexplainable. It opens the door of the unknowable and pushes you in.There is a beautiful story about the Great Wall of China. It must be a story because nobody has found the spot up to now. But it has been reported for almost three thousand years that there is a spot on the China Wall… The wall is thousands of miles long and broad enough for a car to move along it. It is one of the miracles man has achieved. Millions of people died in making it. It took hundreds of years to build. They created almost a mountain against invaders.It was reported again and again that there is a spot somewhere on the China Wall where, if you place a ladder and go up the wall… Whoever has done that simply reaches the top of the wall, laughs loudly and jumps down the other side, where there is a deep ditch. The man is finished; you cannot even find pieces of him. But before jumping he laughs very loudly, perhaps the first belly laughter that he has ever laughed, with his whole body. It is the most mysterious point on the wall. Many have reported that they have seen people reaching the point where they laugh and jump. Nobody knows why they laugh.All the circumstances or the assignment whether it’s of the objective world or subjective world, it is there to give us the experience of ourselves, you will not find anything but belly laughter.When Krishna is saying that don’t expect the fruits means Universe is waiting to embrace you, to give you the experience of wholeness.So don’t take these words of Krishna literally, focus on delivering and in that you will drop the expectations of fruits.To Arjuna he says don’t act from your knowledge because it will be from attachment in the process existence cannot embarrass you, your focus will be on the fruits and not on delivering. Just shift the focus and everything will happen on its own.
Sixth Sense - In Gita Verse 3.42 The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence.Krishna tells Arjuna to move from From the Five Senses to the Sixth, the soul, non-duality. It’s journey from body to soul.Sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch are the five traditionally recognized senses. The traditional five senses are enumerated as the “five material faculties” gives us the experience of the body. Unless we experience the body through all this five senses we cannot use the senses to move towards the self. In my Bhagavad Gita Verse 3.41, blog I wrote unless we use in the both the direction for our senses, we cannot transcend or conquer desire, lust.Once we experience our body through all the senses we cannot grow in consciousness, our intangible energy. If through self-consciousness we experience our body then we can experience the our senses from our subjectivity, soul, - we will start experiences our senses from inside. It start growing in consciousness. Once it will start growing in consciousness you will have many mysterious experiences, like your body will be touched from inside, your third eyes will have certain sensation from inside.If we take our body as chariot and consciousness as charioteer so it will be very simple for us to understand.Man’s body is like a chariot and man’s consciousness should be the charioteer. But it is fast asleep and the chariot goes on moving according to the horses. The five senses are five horses. They have their own different ideas and they are running in all directions; hence the misery, the chaos. It is a miracle that somehow we keep on going.The charioteer has to be awakened, he has to take the reins in his hands. That’s what self-consciousness is: the beginning of an inner mastery, the beginning of a sense of direction, the beginning of a center in your being, a rootedness, a groundedness. Each movement has to be made consciously, only then can life become something significant, otherwise it remains accidental”.In Buddhist philosophy, ayatana or ‘sense-base’ includes the mind as a sense organ, in addition to the traditional five. This addition to the commonly acknowledged senses may arise from the psychological orientation involved in Buddhist thought and practice. The mind considered by itself is seen as the principal gateway to a different spectrum of phenomena that differ from the physical sense data. This way of viewing the human sense system indicates the importance of internal sources of sensation and perception that complements our experience of the external world.The six senses have to be noted down. Ordinarily we talk only of five senses; the sixth is dormant. The moment you turn in, the sixth sense starts working. Hence when the Buddhists talk about six senses it amazes people – where is the sixth sense? It is not visible, it is when you close your eyes: suddenly you see a new sense penetrating in your interiority which you have never known before. It has always been there, but you have never turned inwards.Krishna is directing us to turn inside, first experience senses through the body then experience all the senses from inside, so that you can grow in consciousness, you will experience your intangible energy, which is soul, your subjectivity, once you experiences your senses from inside, your intangible energy will touch your third eye. So from the mind experience your body - outer senses, from your intelligence - self-consciousness - experience your intangible energy - your inner energy, from that the third step is experience of self, self-realization which is higher then your mind and intelligence.
Naturalizing the literary studies of Arabic language
A child is born, and after 5 years they will start going to school. This continues for another 15 or 20 years. Through all these 20 years, parents, teachers, government, including the child, work hard for his/her better future. Unfortunately everyone is so caught up in the confusion and gripped by fear, that they don’t even reexamine the direction they are moving. So much caught up in confusion and gripped by fear that we are grooming a child the very same way we all have been. The grown up child too feels confused, scared and a sense of suffering. Obviously we started to create a better future for the child in which there is no suffering, but most saddening thing is that generation after generation we have not been able to give our children a better life. We may not like it, but the fact is that we have failed.We have failed because even after completion of his/her education, fear, confusion, jealousy, hatred, suffering, conflict, anxiety, a sense of insecurity, etc., are all still part of a child’s psyche. With all these psychological aspects the child cannot lead a happy and peaceful life. With all this disorder, the essential quality of life which is intelligence (love) cannot be. How can there be security without intelligence? So the child is exactly as miserable as his previous generation. So present education is a continuity of the same confusion, and not a revolution towards happiness. We have scientific revolutions moving with enormous pace in other fields. But we fail miserably when it comes to creating a peaceful society, with full of happy and wise human beings.If we desire good future for our kids, the education system must address the problem that “we are all victims of our own thought process” along with targeting to achieve academic excellence. By the time a child completes his education, he must be able to get rid of fear, greed, anxiety and conflict. In essence, he must have a mind which has no confusion, but clarity. This confusion makes us seek security, by destroying everything around us. The child must shift from thinking to feeling. Feeling for things, people and nature around us is quiet an asset in life. Education based on reward or punishment cannot bring sensitivity, or love towards what he is learning. Good future for children will just be a dream and not an actuality, as long as we as parent or teacher cannot see the importance of learning along with the child, and not instructing them all the time. This is my little effort to see that the reader gets a clarity about what is missing in the present education system and how we can help bridge this gap and thus ensure a better life for our future generation.Link to my book "Life Skills for the Little Ones".Kindle, paperback : https://tinyurl.com/thz2ckcSearch “Prasad Gogada” for my other books.
Nestled in the Himalayas, by the serene banks of river Ganga, our school - Rishikesh Yogkulam is situated in the heart of Rishikesh. Every year we play host to numerous seekers from across the globe, who come together to experience the humble gift of Yoga.Our 300 Hour Yoga Teacher Training in Rishikesh is a month-long immersion course, ideal for individuals aspiring to establish themselves as holistic, internationally recognized certified Yoga teachers. The subjects covered in this course include Advanced Pranayama, Hatha Yoga, Yoga philosophy, Chakra balancing, Anatomy and Physiology, Prop usage, Ayurveda, Shatkarma, Vinyasa Flow, Prenatal Yoga and Yin Yoga. This course is a perfect blend of both - theory and practice, enabling one to delve into the depths, enormity and abundance of yoga practice. This YTTC is an ideal course for practitioners who are passionate to be of service to individuals with injuries and postural problems by gaining in depth knowledge of the human body and its structure.This course is certified by the Yoga Alliance, USA and successful completion earns one a certificate accredited to Yoga Alliance, USA.To align your mind, body and soul in a conducive environment and advance your Yoga practice memorably, enroll yourself for a life-transforming YTTC with us today!Course dates, schedule and fees are as below –01 January to 29 January 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification) Open01 February to 29 February 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification) Open01 March to 29 March 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification) Open01 April to 29 April 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification)Open01 May to 29 April 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification) Open01 June to 29 June 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification) Open01 July to 29 July 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification) Open01 August to 29 August 2020: USD 1600 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 500 Certification) OpenBatch Size: 10Location:Rishikesh YogkulamDuration: 4 weeksCertification: RYT 500 – Yoga Alliance, USAEligibility: 200-hour yoga teacher training from a registered yoga school with Yoga Alliance.SHARED ROOM- $1600 USDPRIVATE ROOM- $1800 USDFor more information visit the page- https://www.rishikeshyogkulam.com/300-hour-yoga-teacher-training-course-in-rishikesh-india.php
Nestled in the Himalayas, by the serene banks of river Ganga, our school - Rishikesh Yogkulam is situated in the heart of Rishikesh. Every year we play host to numerous seekers from across the globe, who come together to experience the humble gift of Yoga.Our 200 Hour Yoga Teacher Training in Rishikeshis a one of its kind, month-long complete immersion course ideal for individuals aspiring to establish themselves as holistic, seasoned teachers. The subjects covered in this course include Yoga Philosophy, Anatomy and Physiology, Applied Anatomy, Pranayama, Asanas and Sutras, Sanskrit terminologies, Dhyana, Ayurveda and Mantras. This course is a perfect blend of both - theory and practice, focusing on strengthening the fundamentals of Yoga thereby making it an ideal course for beginners! A key highlight of this course is that it ensures that you are trained in teaching methodologies by encouraging you to conduct your own demo class as a part of your coursework. This course is certified by the Yoga Alliance, USA and successful completion earns one a certificate accredited to Yoga Alliance, USA.Enroll yourself for a life-transforming Yoga Teacher Training Course with us and confidently conduct your own Yoga class in any part of the world!Course dates, schedule and fees are as below –01 January to 23 January 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification) Open01 February to 23 February 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification) Open01 March to 23 March 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification) Open01 April to 23 April 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification)Open01 May to 23 April 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification) Open01 June to 23 June 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification) Open01 July to 23 July 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification) Open01 August to 23 August 2020: USD 1350 (Yoga Alliance – RYT 200 Certification) OpenBatch Size: 10Location: Rishikesh YogkulamDuration: 3 weeksCertification: RYT 200– Yoga Alliance, USASHARED ROOM- $1350 USDPRIVATE ROOM- $1500 USDFor more information visit the site:- https://www.rishikeshyogkulam.com/200-hour-yoga-teacher-training-course-in-rishikesh-india.php
A verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
Eternal Self - In Gita Verse 7.27 O scion of Bharata, O conqueror of the foe, all living entities are born into delusion, bewildered by dualities arisen from desire and hate.Krishna says that to grow in consciousness what is hurdle? Hurdles are we are after desire, hate, living in dualities. To grow in consciousness, means to enter into ourselves, we need to clear our mind as the farmer clears all the weeds before he sow new seed. To find our eternal self we need to finish with our desires, hate, dualities, thinking etc.Zen is pure meditation. The very word Zen means meditation. It has nothing else, it requires no rituals. Just as you are, the only requirement is to go in and discover your eternal self. That eternal self is neither brahmin nor harijan; that eternal self is neither man nor woman. That eternal self is a blissfulness, a peace that passes understanding.That eternal self is pure ecstasy. You can sing and you can dance, and your singing and your dancing – if they are coming from your innermost core – become your only prayers. They are the only authentic prayers; all others are composed by man, and a prayer composed by man is of no value.A prayer that arises within you, like a flame… And that is what happens in deep meditation. Suddenly you start experiencing a new warmth and a new flame, a new joy that you have never experienced before. It has been dormant, it has been continuously repressed for millions of years. It has gone so deep that you will have to go that deep to find it. That’s why I go on insisting: go on, deeper and deeper, and go on throwing the garbage that the past has left in you.These small anecdotes are all concerned with meditation in different ways.When the head monk, Ryosui, went first to see Mayoku, Mayoku took up his hoe and began to weed.Zen is such a symbolic and poetic phenomenon, each gesture signifies a tremendous philosophy. Now, you would have missed, as Ryosui missed – without even a single word being expressed on either side,…Mayoku took up his hoe and began to weed. Ryosui went to the place where he was weeding, but Mayoku deliberately took no notice of him and went back to his room and shut the door.It looks absurd on the surface. But what he is saying is, “There is no point in coming to me unless you have taken out all the weeds from your being. Unless you come with a clean soil, I cannot sow the seeds.” He has made it absolutely clear, although he has not said a single word.The next day the same thing happened, but this time Ryosui knocked at the door.The first day Ryosui could not figure out what was happening, why he was being treated this way – not even taken notice of, not even a hello. But he must have pondered, meditated over the fact that there must be something, some reason why a great master would behave with a new seeker in this way. “Certainly I must be wrong. He cannot be wrong.” And in his silent moments he must have seen the point that unless you take all the weeds out, there is no point in coming to a master.The next day he went again: …the same thing happened, but this time Ryosui knocked at the door. Now he had some confidence. He had understood the message: the master was not rejecting him but provoking him: “Unless you knock on the door, the door will not open by itself.”Mayoku said, “Who is it?”Just the word who…Ryosui had hardly uttered his name when he was enlightened and said, “Do not make a fool of me…”“Don’t ask me who I am; the question makes me simply a fool. You know who I am, because we are not different. This time I have come without the weeds and this time I have gathered courage to knock at the door. If I had not visited you, I would have been deceived all my life by the Twelve Division Canon.”The Buddhist scriptures are divided into twelve divisions. It is one of the greatest literatures; no other religion can compete with it. He said to Mayoku: “If I had not visited you, I would have been deceived all my life by the Twelve Division Canon.” I would have gone on reading and reading and reading. But with a single act you have taken me to a state of no-mind.”Ryosui went back…Before going back to his place:Mayoku opened the door and confirmed Ryosui’s enlightenment.The moment he said, “I am finished with thinking, philosophy, with mind”… It is enough if a person understands that mind is not the way, but the peace and silence of no-mind. And suddenly you are all aflame with a new and eternal life.Krishna says - There is no way of knowing oneself through words, systems of beliefs, scriptures. There is only one way, and that is to immediately enter your own self as deeply as possible, cutting all weeds, not being prevented by any thought, desires, dualities – and suddenly you come to the source of your life. It is fire. And it is an eternal fire: once you have experienced it, it will always be with you. It will radiate in your presence; even others will feel the radiation. Those who are a little receptive, those who are not utterly blind, will even see the change, the rebirth, the revolution that you have gone through.
# The Need For a Better Solution:For people living in remote and semi-rural areas anywhere in the world, frequent power outages are just a regular part of their everyday lives. But simply assuming that power cuts only occur in rural and regional areas with no infrastructure is just erroneous. As any major natural disaster case can tell, the power outage is the first thing that occurs right as a thunderstorm, or hurricane, or flood impacts an area.Now, since no place on Earth is really completely immune to all-natural mishappenings, it’s safe to say that unexpected power outages are a real possibility irrespective of where you live. This is exactly why a substitute for power generation during a grid failure should be an absolute must, and the solution to this problem lies in a device that’s been in existence for over a century, a diesel power generator.# Making a Case For Diesel Generator For Residential Purposes:Owing to one cause or the other, extended power blackouts occur more frequently and are more widespread than you might think. If you live in an area where a sudden hazard brings a total grid failure, then it’s hard to imagine the overall consequences of such a crisis. Not only will the basic day-to-day home operations come to a halt, such as watching the TV and preparing your favorite smoothie, but blackouts over longer durations will mean a complete inability to do basic chores such as bathing, cooking, washing, etc.Fortunately, Residential Diesel Generators can, and have come to the rescue on more than one occasion. You can simply have these gensets installed inside your premises and an Automatic Transfer Switch will automatically bring them into action as soon as the lights go out.Based on your individual power demands, and the frequency of power outages in your area, you might need to fathom the right size and power rating of the generator that fits the bill. One thing is for sure, it’s not a far shot to say that during the most testing of times, diesel power generator can prove to be a real lifesaver.# Most Popular Uses For Residential Diesel Generators:1. Backup Power Supply:-For obvious reasons, the biggest use of residential power generators is to restore home chores and sustain normality as if nothing happened. The kids will continue to stay away from panic and you may continue with your household lives without facing major hiccups. Investing in a diesel Genset brings peace of mind, as you can rest assured knowing that the device will supply power to all your home devices with no problems.2. Low Energy Production Costs:-Some home devices such as room heaters and air-filters etc can flatten your purse in no time. To stay away from hefty electricity bills each month, you can instead use these devices by connecting them to your power generator and use the generator to supply them the power to operate.3. Portability For DIY Work:-It’s a widely known fact that diesel generators are highly robust, resistant and often portable. As a result of their portability, it’s possible for you to carry on with DIY tasks that you might have around your premises. The major devices that consume tremendous amounts of power can be kept off-grid and under control too.4. Affordable Power Production:Imagine paying unreasonable sums of money just to acquire basic facilities such as fresh foods and water supply when instead they could’ve been preserved if only the refrigerator had worked during power blackout. The later would’ve been possible with a residentialdiesel generators lying in the vicinity.# Choices to Make; Diesel V/S Petrol Gensets:Now that it’s abundantly clear what power generators have to offer in terms of restoring normal household operation, you might want to consider the ideal fuel type generator based on certain factors. It’s obvious that diesel and petrol power generators are amongst the most widely available types of gensets, so it’s natural that you can’t perfectly decide on which fuel type serves your needs perfectly.Perhaps now is the time to simply look at the facts. Diesel as fuel is simply cheaper than petrol and hence is cost-effective over a longer duration of time. Also, since your generator is likely to last for decades, you might want to prefer diesel again since it has a much longer shelf life, which is ideal for fuel storage over long hauls.Diesel is also less combustible, and hence decreases the chances of any fire-related hazards. And more than anything else, diesel fuel is far less strain-inducing for a generator's engine, and that results in less wear and tear for the machine. All these factors cumulatively mean that your diesel generator is likely to last for much longer than its gasoline counterpart and also is a safer and overall better option. Diesel generators are the most widely used Genset types for a reason, both in commercial and residential purposes.# Conclusion:To sum it all up, it’s fair to say that diesel generators can prove to be an absolute blessing for all homes in case of an emergency brought about by unforeseen natural disasters or manual grid failure.At citishop deals, we are a group of highly experienced and enthusiastic marketing professionals who bring you a platform where you can order the best quality of products online with guaranteed quality-assurances and from the topmost brands around the world. We offer the convenience and discounts of the biggest online shopping stores while combining them with the friendly business attitude of your vintage local neighborhood shop.With Glamour Photography, the major aim is to promote the natural beauty that lies within the female body, and bring the true essence of what the term “modeling” is supposed to be. 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Hope, Knowledge And Karma - In Gita Verse 9.13 O son of Pṛthā, those who are not deluded, the great souls, are under the protection of the divine nature. They are fully engaged in devotional service because they know Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, original and inexhaustible.Krishna is talking regarding our three nature where we are lost - Hope, Knowledge and Karma. Person who not only understood but also out of realization dropped or rightly said transcended all these three are great souls.We have our own experience that all the hopes are nothing but a mirage. Why?Because all hopes are false. To hope is to be in the false. So it is not a question of creating false hopes: whatsoever you can hope will be false. Hope comes out of your falsity of being. If you are real there is no need for any hope. Then you never think about the future, about what is going to happen. You are so real, so authentic that the future disappears.When you are unreal then the future becomes very significant, then you live in the future. Then your reality is not here and now, your reality is somewhere in dreams, and you make those dreams look real because through those dreams you gain your reality. As you are, you are unreal. That’s why so much hoping goes on. All hopes are false – you are real, and Krishna’s whole effort is how to throw you to yourself.The ego is all false hopes combined together. Ego is not a reality, it is the collectivity of all your dreams, of all that is unreal, of all that is false. The ego cannot exist in the present. Look at this phenomenon. The ego always exists either in the past or in the future, never here and now – never, never. That is impossible. Whenever you think of the past, the ego comes, the I comes. Whenever you think of the future, the I comes. But when you are here, not thinking of past and future, where is your I? Sitting under a tree, not thinking of past and future, just being there, where are you? Where is the I? You cannot feel it. It is not there. The ego has never existed in the present. Past is no more, future is yet to be. Both are not. Past has disappeared, the future has not yet appeared. Both are not. Only the present is and in the present nothing like the ego is ever found.So when Krishna say drop the ego, what does he mean? He is not giving you a new hope, he is taking all your hopes away. And that is the difficulty – because you live through hope, so you feel that if all hopes are taken away you will be dead. Then the question will arise: Why live? For what? Why move from one moment to another? For what? The goal has disappeared with the disappearance of hope. So why go on and on if there is nowhere to reach? You cannot live without hope. That’s why it is so difficult to drop the ego. Hope has become synonymous with life.In my Bhagavad Gita Verse 3.40, blog I wrote - knowledge only gives you a feeling of understanding without giving you real understanding. Also how we have lost in knowledge. Now understand difference between Knowledge and Wisdom.Knowledge satisfies the ego; wisdom destroys the ego completely; hence people seek knowledge. It is very rare to find a seeker who is not interested in knowledge but is interested in, committed to, wisdom. Knowledge means theories about truth; wisdom means truth itself. Knowledge means secondhand; wisdom means firsthand.Knowledge means belief: others say and you believe. And all beliefs are false! No belief is ever true. Even if you believe in the word of a buddha, the moment you believe it is turned into a lie.Truth cannot be believed; either you know or you don't know. If you know, there is no question of belief; if you don't know, there is again no question of belief. If you know, you know; if you don't know, you don't know. Belief is a projection of the tricky mind - it gives you the feeling of knowing, without knowing.Now the third we are lost in Karma.What is the law of karma?It is not in fact a law, because there is nobody behind it as a lawgiver. On the contrary, it is intrinsic to existence itself. It is the very nature of life: whatsoever you sow, you reap. But it is complex, it is not so simple, it is not so obvious.The law of karma is not some philosophy, some abstraction. It is simply a theory which explains something true inside your being. The net result: either we respect ourselves, or we despise and feel contemptible, worthless and unlovable.Every moment, you are creating yourself; either a grace will arise in your being or a disgrace: this is the law of karma. Nobody can avoid it. Nobody should try to cheat on karma, because that is not possible. Watch… and once you understand it things start changing. Once you know the inevitability of it you will be a totally different person.Krishna is saying from all our three nature we need to transcend. It is given to us as crude form unless we purify all this then we can engaged in devotional service. If you look around you will find in the universe everything is given to us in the crude form. Whether it is Oil, Gold, Diamond, Oxygen - which has got on the air only 16%, we know that we need to purify all this for our utility purpose. Same with Hope, Knowledge and Karma, unless we transcend all then only we can engage in devotional service.
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Darshan - In Gita Verse 11.3 O greatest of all personalities, O supreme form, though I see You here before me in Your actual position, as You have described Yourself, I wish to see how You have entered into this cosmic manifestation. I want to see that form of Yours.Now Arjuna has a desire to have Darshan of Krishna’s cosmic manifestation.What does darshan mean?Darshan means to look and philosophy means to think, they are just the opposite of each other, they cannot be joined together in any way. Darshan means a look like a child’s, when distinctions have been dropped.When you make the two one, and when you make the inner as the outer… Because this inner and outer is also a distinction.Leave the outer, come to the inner; move within, drop the without. But you can misunderstand the whole thing, because when you drop the without, the within will be dropped automatically. When the outer is no more, how can the inner exist? They are relative terms: the inner exists only as the opposite of the outer; when there is no more outer there is no more inner. First you drop the outer, and then the inner drops automatically by itself; there is no in, no out, you have become one. If there is still inner and outer then you are still two, not yet one, you are still divided.That’s why Zen monks have said one of the strangest things ever asserted: they say this world is God; they say ordinary life is religion; they say everything as it is, is okay. Nothing is to be changed because the very concept of change creates the two: that which is, has to be changed into something which ought to be. A has to be changed into B, the two come in. They say this very world is divine; God is not somewhere else, because that somewhere else creates a duality. God is not the creator and you are not the creature; you are God. God is not the creator: this very creation is divine, the very creativity is God.Mind always tries to make distinctions, that is the mind’s specialty. The more distinctions you can make, the more clever a mind you have. And the mind will always say, “These mystics are a little foolish, because boundaries are not clear.” That’s why they call religion mysticism, and by mysticism they don’t mean a very good thing. They mean something vague like mist, something cloudy, something that is not a clear reality, but like a dream.These mystics are fools to logicians because they don’t make distinctions, and distinctions are everything you have to make; you have to know what is what! And logic thinks the more distinctions you can make, the nearer you come to reality. That is why science – which follows logic, which is the application of logic and nothing else – has reached the atom; making distinctions, by and by, separating everything, they have reached the atom.Religion, not separating but joining, dropping the boundaries not drawing the boundaries, has reached the ultimate, the one. Science has reached the atom, which means the many, the infinitely many; and religion has reached the one, the infinitely one. The approaches: science uses mind and mind makes boundaries, clear-cut distinctions; religion doesn’t use mind and then all the boundaries disappear, everything becomes everything else, things are meeting. The trees are meeting the sky, the sky is dropping into the trees; the earth is meeting heaven, heaven is reaching the earth.And if you look deep into life, you will find that these mystics are right. All boundaries are man-made, there are no boundaries in reality. They are useful, utilitarian, but not true; they help in certain ways, but they hinder also in certain other ways.Science is trying to penetrate existence through the objective approach and religion tries to penetrate the same reality through the subjective approach – and Yoga is the synthesis of both.The word science is beautiful, it means the capacity to see. It means exactly what the Indian word darshan means. The word darshan should not be translated as philosophy, it can be translated more accurately as science, the capacity to see.Science is trying to penetrate the ultimate through the objective, from the outside. Religion is trying to penetrate the same ultimate through the subjective. And Yoga is the highest synthesis: Yoga is both science and religion, together.Yoga is a supra science and a supra religion. Yoga is neither Hindu nor Mohammedan nor Christian, it is supra religious. And of course it is a supra science because it is the science of man – it is the science of the scientist himself. It touches the ultimate. The ultimate synthesis.Once you touch the ultimate synthesis then you have the capacity to see.In my Bhagavad Gita Verse 9.8, blog, I wrote Darshan means seeing. Not thinking, but seeing.