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Why Amazon Would Fail In India?
 Bibhu datta Rout  
 26 January 2018  

Long ago, there lived in a village two brothers — Motu and Patlu. Motu was the fat guy and Patlu was very lean and thin. One day both of them decided that they will start independent business in their village to sell mustard oil. Motu was smart guy and wanted to capture entire village. In order to do so, he started giving discounts on mustard oil. Patlu kept price at same level and focussed on the quality. Soon 90% of the market was captured by Motu and rest 10% was Patlu’s share.Soon Motu realised that he was incurring losses, rather massive losses. Though revenue was going high, but losses were also mounting with equivalent speed. He took some loan ( investor’s money) and diversified his business into ground oil. At that time there were few players in the market, who were already selling ground oil. Motu applied his tactics, as he was quite confident of his discounted business model. He started giving discount on ground oil as well. The investors were happy, that he kept on capturing market. Some more investors joined hands with him and put more money and Motu kept on giving discounts. He captured 80% of ground oil market and incurring more losses. Patlu, who had lost the first battle of mustard oil and few guys from ground oil had joined hands by that time. They had been searching for right time to screw Motu for unethical business practices. However, they could not do anything as Motu was “The Big Motu” by that time and out of reach from guys like Patlu. Motu had been arrogant to the producers, but he kept consumers happy. Producers had no choice, as Motu’s shop was selling more than any other shop out there. While life was moving forward, ‘The Big Motu’ felt there was big need to introduce TV to village, as villagers were deprived of TV. That was indeed a great idea and few investors put large chunk of money to it. Motu came up with a subscription model, so that whoever saw TV, had to pay some amount of money to Motu. People were happy, but the Motu’s staff at ground oil and mustard oil business were terribly unhappy, as the focus on those business were not there. The staff were working too much. The initial high salary was marginalised over period of time. So Motu kept on making customers happy, but at the cost of his own staff and producers of the product. He always believed that if one producer left his shop, dozen more would come and join. He was right, as everyone was dying to have Motu’s name associated with them.Every dog has a day. One day when Motu woke up from bed, he saw Patlu and few police men at his bed. Few of the unhappy producers were also besides him along with few local politician. Police had filed a case of unfair business practice and the charges were verified by few producers, staff even some customers who Motu felt were loyal customers. Motu tried to cease the case by paying some money, but probably he didn’t have enough money to pay the demand of politicians. The very next moment, investors started asking for money, staff revolted and things went very bad. The Big Motu was bankrupt.This story is satire metaphor of how Amazon runs business worldwide and why Amazon would fail in India with unethical business practices. India as a country is very different from the rest of the world. The consumers behave very differently here. Let me highlight few attributes of Indian.Attribute :1 People from Asian origin and specifically Indians value for money. Brand loyalty always loses the battle when pitted against the monetary gains. The discounted model does not create loyal customers in India. Attribute :2 Indians are very receptacle, adoptable to change and very fast in spreading the message. Thanks to mushrooming social media groups. So anytime Amazon tries to reduce the price of discounted items, it would take very little time, people switching to competitor. When Amazon entered India, there were few multi-million dollar e-commerce giants. Now there are many, with a hope that they would be taken over by Amazon some day. If at all Amazon buys few of them, the intrinsic value of the deal would be far below the sell off valuation.Attribute :3 Political and ideological idiosyncrasies. In Indian it is always believed that if two persons don’t match in their political views, probably they won’t be good team player. The silent reader who has been reading until now, will definitely have eyebrows up by now. Politics play an important role in governing a lot of things in India. Unlike west and Europe, where business houses are aligned to multiple parties so that nothing goes wrong when opposition is in power, in India, business houses cannot function the same way. Common people in India barely change political ideologies. As a result, it has been witnessed again and again that big companies ruin once there is a change in power at centre or state. People don’t hesitate to do political vendetta crossing any limits. It won’t be surprising Amazon falls prey to this practices.Attribute 4: Unlike other parts of the world, ego plays a vital role in shaping the personality of Indians. There are ample instances where dear ones are dejected just to satisfy ego, with hefty financial sacrifices. Enough of attributes. Let us put some search light through corridors of Amazon’s functioning in India. Unhappy sellers : Amazon makes majority of sellers unhappy in India. I have talked personally to more than 30–40 big sellers. All have same opinion. They have very indifferent attitude towards sellers. Despite having high profile machinery and huge man force and automated services, many times they fail massively in making their sellers unhappy. Hefty FBA charges : In small items such as books, fulfilment by amazon (FBA) charges are quite high. As a result, many of the regional languages book never ever see the face of Amazon. There is a possibility of some cynical political person sees some opportunity here and files a chargesheet on Amazon of killing regional language by not allowing space in e-commerce. Either Amazon would be forced to reduce the charges or find some alternatives. I don’t find any reason why a book lover won’t be interested to wait for 1 more day to get the books through normal shipping in India. Same day delivery practices in India, where there are a lots of logistics and infrastructure issues cannot be ruled out, would definitely force companies like Amazon to default in multiple instances. All the defaults can be clubbed together to make the case study big enough to file against Amazon. Flawed review practices : Amazon review processes are terribly skewed in favour of Amazon’s sponsored product. It is just a matter of time, when some agencies do some clinical litmus test on Amazon’s practice and expose them completely.Sponsored products : Amazon’s sponsored product has lot of loopholes and tries to fool even sellers. e.g. The adds will be shown to the person who paid for the add and amount will be deducted based on CPC model. Thanks to google’s chrome and Amazon. Both must be sharing the data or a special way of data stealing might be happing from systems.Unnecessary Add budgets : In order to capture Indian market, Amazon has been spending huge money on adds. Many of the TV channels fake viewership no and ask more money than they deserve. Since Amazon has lots of money from people, it does not hesitate to spend as many as they can.Too many things at same time: In stead of making some product robust and full proof, Amazon keeps investing in new products. They are in a mission to capture world just like the great Alexander. But the great man also failed in India, while underestimating the variance of IndianControl over rating systems: If you analyse Amazon take overs, they have almost taken over all big rating agencies starting from Alexa, IMDB, goodreads and many more and try to influence the product. I don’t know whether there are unfair practices over here, but seeing Amazon’s hostile takeover and unfair practices, the probability can not be ruled out.Arrogant behaviour: Two years back, when I was talking to Amazon customer service executive, they were very polite, but these days things have completely reversed. The potential reason could be the employees started believing they are too big to fail. I remember the day when I joined a company called EDS(electronic data system). That time it was fortune 80 company and there was absolutely no work. I left after few months of joining. I gave reason for exit as lack of work. My manager burst into laugh. Manager : You are getting four course meal from five star hotel. Travel is taken care by company and you work in fortune 80 company with good salary. What else you require in life.Me: I feel the company won’t survive more than 15 years with this model as the basics are not clear.Manager: You have gone crazy, as no fortune 100 companies ever died in 15 years. Rest all was history. EDS did some bad take overs, they were not having lots of savings and were not prepared for crisis and finally it was sold to HP. Eventually EDS helped HP, which was a fortune 30 company to incur losses and later divided into multiple parts.Possible cases how Amazon can fail in India.Amazon keeps on buying e-commerce companies, every passing day a new company is born supported by black money. Amazon is tired of fake acquisitions after lots of spending.Amazon has entered into food segment. Once small quality mistake can create a big havoc of generating nationalistic campaign to run against Amazon. All those people who wants to get benefitted, might join hands. One such instances, will create more opportunity and eventual exit due to heavy investors pressure.Amazon is killing the local intellectual market by stopping regional books online, as the cost incurred in distributing through Amazon is quite high. Indians value a lot for education and feel proud while preserving the culture. Indians would not eat, but would definitely love to see their children see big schools. Probably only country in the world who behaves this way. That is the reason education is over $100B business in India. If some campaign is run as anti-India against Amazon, it will take very short time to close Amazon out of India.Right to information and Right to privacy have lots of tentacles, which can be used or misused against unethical practices of Amazon.While entering food segment and entertainment segments, Amazon would be pumping in lots of money as it will be competing with companies like Reliance, UTV, Eros etc. The journey won’t be as easy as competing with Flipkart. Probability will be higher in favour of failure.If there is coalition government at centre, God help the big A. The amount of money that might be pumped into, will force the same year exit from India.There are no substantial examples that any business house running for losses or lack of profit has been able to sustain in long run. Amazon has been without profit for almost since inception, but it was majorly operational in country like US, the country which gave world many economic bubble like dot.com, sub prime crisis etc, where a economy can sustain even debt to GDP ratio is close to 100%. But in changing economic scenario, that model does not hold good. The functioning of Amazon is nothing less than e-commerce version of sub-prime crises, where the company believes that after they capture the complete market they will raise the price. But that instances will never happen in India. The day it is tried, there will either be multiple new companies floated, or public outrage or government interference. All in all these possible cases Amazon would fail in India.

Finance for kids : Why is US dollar more powerful than Indian Rupees
 Bibhu datta Rout  
 2 March 2018  

Adult (A) : Say there are two kids in the world. You and your friend. Noone else exists.Kid (K): Ok.A: You produce apples and your friend produces oranges. Since you love oranges and your friend love apples, you make a deal that every month your friend will give you 100 oranges in return for 100 apples. This is called barter system - you give me some goods or services and your friend pays you back in terms of goods and services. This practices remained for some time until there was some natural calamity in your area and you failed to produce sufficient apples for a month. But you wanted oranges. You went to your friend's place and asked for oranges.K: But why would he give me anything, when he knew that I couldn't keep my promises.A: Correct. So he made a deal. He gave you some paper, which had some agreement that you would pay him back oranges that he was lending to you. The agreement was made with the assumption that, you were an honest guy and you would keep your promises and when you had apples, you would return him back. Exchange of goods in this format gave birth to a new concept called "Money". In economic terms, it is called 'Fiat economy'- where goods are exchanged for something which cannot have a direct utility. Money has utility only when it is exchanged. Until now you had the need for oranges only. But say, you desired for pineapple, strawberries etc. and there are few more players in the market who are exchanging those fruits by issuing different paper notes. This kind of practice gives rise to the 'global currencies' where the value of each currency is different from rest of the world.C: But won't the value of each currency be same in a fair world?A: Yes, in an ideal world, the value of each currency or fiat money should be same. But here comes the complex scenario which is driven by power and greed. Every player in the market wants to get more by paying less. So your apple might not be as appealing to someone as it appeals to other and you end up paying more apples for same goods and services you get from others. C: Why would I pay more when I can get it at a fair price from someone else?A: The fair price is driven by market perception about certain goods and services. Since more players are in the market, more perception prevails. Good, bad and ugly are differentiated by perceptions only.C: Who controls perceptions?A: Good question. The dominant and powerful player in the market controls the perception. By influencing others he will make others realize that his goods or services are better than others and hence demand more value in return.C: But tell me how USD influenced the market to be the dominant player and hence more powerful in the currency market.A: Before world war I, every country was trying to influence other countries to become the dominant player in the market. During that time, Theodore Roosevelt influenced the neighboring countries to follow USD as foreign exchange currency rather than gold, which was used until that period of time. Some notable examples can be read in the history of  Cuba, Venezuela, Santo Domingo and panama. America had been engaged in producing arms by that time and was supplying to foreign countries including united kingdom.During world war 1, America gave some good number of arms to United Kingdom, who was under financial crisis and was dependent upon its' ruling countries like India and some south-east Asian countries to generate sufficient money to afford luxury the Britishers were accustomed to. During the financial crisis of world war I, United Kingdom took arms from US trough a negotiation or deal known as Liberty Bond, which amounted to over $20 billon, which would be much more than what is America's current national economy at the moment.C: You mean UK was knowing they cannot pay back the loan, but they were still keen on taking the arms from US to fight against other countries and in that case Americans were keen on giving some loans which they were confident that it could not be repaid.A: Power to control others and the greed to have more are biggest vices of the human being. The then political strategists of America were thinking much beyond their time - at least 50 years ahead of time. UK sooner became an ally in America's endeavor to have USD as global currency post world war II. But acceptance by few countries does not make a currency truly global.C: What happened next?A: After world war II, America was perceived as the super power of the world. Thanks to some scientist who could not visualize the impact of atom bomb before inventing them. Every country was agreeing to a global bank known as World Bank and fund of funds known as International monetary fund. The duty of both entities were to ensure fair market practices in the globe. However influence of US continued and they changed the exchange methods from gold transactions to US dollar. There were a lot of factors which were either manipulated or done strategically to get it done.C: I understand dollar became global currency, but why it became more powerful than Indian rupees.A: Once you have the control of global currency, you can manipulate that in your favor. I will go back to that apple and orange examples. Now that your apple is purchased by US, who has certain criteria of selection of apples to know the fair price of apples. After careful observations, it is declared that your 100 apples are actually 50 apples worth as per US standard. You have two choices - either you don't sell apple or sell in the different market. Say in such scenarios, you don't have the sufficiently big market to sell your apples and you know that if you fail to sell in US, you might lose more money. You don't bargain much and accept the negotiations done by them. When everyone started accepting the terms defined by them, the power of dollar became more. I hope that answers your question.C: Can it never be reversed. I mean INR becomes more powerful than USD?A: Yes, logically possible, for that India as a country has to think ahead of time and the strategist and policymaker make the country self-dependent and more job opportunity is created internally rather than dependent upon foreign resources. Many of the natural resources are under-utilized in India so as the human capital. If that is oriented in right manner, then time is not far we see the reverse action. India needs to be technologically sound and the education system should teach how to be innovative and creative rather than just compete to score marks. I strongly believe, your generations can do.C: Yes, we will. Thank you for the answer.

“CSR, Skill India, Make in India & Women Empowerment All- In-One”
 Trupti Paikaray  
 13 March 2018  

We have been growing up watching our country always standing at the receiving end, almost all the time as a receiver of grants, funds given by the ‘developed countries’. India is always highlighted as a growing and developing country, in various debates and discussions and we must appreciate the efforts of the foreign & other outside investors for investing in our country & to co-operate us in a major way. But, in this entire process, we forget our potentials, acumen, strength, and abilities to stand apart to be equipped enough to make our country a developed country. It pinches a lot when for getting funds, the true and dismal picture of our country gets Instagrammed and much twitting about us in the international forums & many security facts gets leaked in the name of information and database sharing. But now, we can say it confidently that ‘yes’, we can be “Independently Independent Country”. India is much more prepared for the successful implementation of Skill development and Make in India programs. At the other side, the governance rules, regulations, and policies are on the progressive lines, one of them being Corporate Social Responsibility provisions in the Companies Act.It is a matter of fact that the new provisions of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the Companies Act will increase the level of CSR giving in India and therefore opportunities to improve social indicators. Everything has come up with a perfect timing as a complete package or as a bonanza. While our economy is heading towards manufacturing and services sectors, it’s high-time to look forward and seeing the demand that we can create for more skilled manpower. We have a varied of skill sets that can be explored to cater skill needs of different sectors. There is a wide range of skills that can be picked up, honed & nurtured for meeting the big gaps in the skilling sectors. There are so many sectors and sub-sectors like retail, Instrumentation Automation Surveillance & Communication, IT-ITeS, Media, Healthcare, gems & jewelry, Telecom, Electronics and hardware, BFSI, Beauty and wellness and many more new and upcoming sectors that needs special skilling attention to create a more potential workforce. The big CSR giants are going to play the significant roles in revamping and reorganizing our economy. A concrete PPP mode of implementation is the need of the hour and the CSR contribution towards Skill India and Make in India can yield huge success. At the same time, women based skill development programmes will give it an extra mileage towards achieving women empowerment along with revenue generation and economic enhancement. On this Women’s Day it should be added to the work agenda of the CSR projects and then it will be the best Women’s Day gift to the poor, downtrodden and all the struggling women and above all to the society. Skilling initiatives can ensure the employability among the youths, women and it can produce more skilled manpower to cater the need of various sectors, and it can create more entrepreneurs, sociopreneurs, and more job creations and can face-lift our country’s economy. We can use the metaphor that India will be a “What not skill store” or “A-Z skill Hub” and it will create scope for different countries to expand their business, there will be more trade and commerce with different parts of the globe which will expand our economic horizon. Skilling Initiatives can make maximum utilization of the human resources, proper skill development training can be imparted to physically challenged, people having conflict with law or the jail inmates, unemployed youths, women etc. so that they can be productive for the society and can be independent as well as can contribute towards country’s economic growth. But it’s impossible without the CSR participation. Since “International Women’s Day” is ahead, on this occasion and to make it more meaningful, CSR, Skill India and Make India campaign should take “Women Empowerment” as a mission and all these things should be combined together for a dynamic social change.Skill Development and Startups initiatives can be linked together for a better output as the youths are taking startups as alternatives to the employment. It can facilitate the job creation or employment generation process in our country by attracting the investors, funders. Our existing companies and industries should go ahead with more expansion ideas and facilities so that they can absorb more and more skilled manpower both towards revenue generation and job creation. Similarly, new companies, industries must come up with new ventures to make the “Make in India Campaign” a huge success. Attitude is the next priority and we must come out of the traditional pattern of skill development initiatives and why only some handpicked sectors, we must be very open to accept and create new sectors & new areas of skilling must be explored and taken up. It will help us to go ahead in the race of development, it will be the hub of economy, our money will be circulated and retained within our country and it will move in a spiral process. It will create more scope for economic growth, our people will be employed, our people will be able to earn more, pay more, spend more, there will be true socio-economic development. A day will come when our NGOs will be self-sustainable by creating their own funding, our Investors will be invited to international forums for investment in those countries, in the same manner, we are trying to draw the attention of the external investors. We will be called the citizens of such a powerful, developed and economically empowered country India.

BORN FREE TO LIVE IN A CAGE
 Padmini Ravindran  
 16 March 2018  

  All over the world, countries celebrate their independence day with great pride and gusto showcasing their strength and progress to be admired and awed by people. However, I wonder at times are we; human beings really free or liberated? Do we enjoy freedom in true sense? I’ll keep my thought process limited to India without going to the other parts of the world.Every human being according to me is free only at the time of birth. A baby has no worries about projecting the “right public image” and is happy doing anything and everything he wants to. As we grow, we are caged, shackled in many chains by the society- Social, cultural, emotional and lately technological.It starts when the baby (I’ll use ‘She’ as a pronoun as it encompasses ‘he’ too J!) is hardly a toddler. Parents love to show off his/her talents without any consideration for his/her moods and fancies. She has to sing or dance and entertain the relatives who are often least interested. Then there is a marathon for the best school in the city. The kid is again forced to mug up the likely questions to be asked at the interview, learn to behave in a certain manner at the age when she just wants to be left on her/his own.    Once at school the comparison starts with all the other children. Every parent wants the child to be the best - marvelling at studies, sports, debates and elocutions, arts, theatre, social etiquette and so on. In short she has to be a Superwoman, while the mothers sweat over every small detail like deciding what hobbies are “in”, what vitamin supplements to give the child for super-built body and extra-intelligent brain, what kind of clothes are in vogue for kids and so on. All advertisements put the pressure on parents to make a scientist/ doctor/ engineer or any professional (Please note that none off the advertisements think much of artists or farmersL! No wonders farmers have remained the most vulnerable lot in our “agrarian” economy for decades!). The harried parents, in turn pass on this frenzied madness on to their children. Every parent dreams of having a super successful child prodigy, irrespective of own talents that he has passed on in the child’s DNA at birth. We want our children to follow the career chart we have created for them taking in consideration the status, social acceptance, and money it will yield. What the child’s interests are is totally ignored.Once the school and college marathon is over and youth gets a plum job, then the other social pressures build up. A girl must learn to be graceful, super talented at juggling home and demanding career, must be having all the socially accepted attributes like – fair, tall, slim, social yet home-loving, educated yet sacrificing, modern yet with traditional values and the list is endless.This brings me to the fairness obsession in our country where most girls are bound to be wheat complexioned due to our geographic and climatic conditions. Having a dusky complexion is looked down upon and if you have a darker skin only God or fairness creams save you! I find the advertisements so ridiculous when a girl dreaming of a great career has to rely on fairness creams to prove her mettle! If she wants to remain single by choice then hell breaks loose. If she marries then her womanhood is not considered complete till she delivers a baby. Why I wonder, in a free country it becomes a privilege of all and sundry to barge into couple’s bedroom and discuss why are they not having kids and what could be wrong with them. Can we not let the parents decide when they want to bring in a life that is going to be their responsibility till they are alive?Men on the other hand are forced to bring home a handsome pay package and comparisons of how much comforts and luxury a neighbour can afford to give his wife vis- a -vis the poor husband becomes a main topic of contention. Once they become parents they too merrily join the same rat race that their parents had joined to ruin them.These are some of the socio-cultural shackles I strongly feel about. Emotional shackles too are somewhat intertwined in these as usually our Indian society loves to emotionally blackmail their loved ones to follow their commands. Log kya kahenge is the most dangerous epidemic that has been afflicted by Asian psyche. Social approval is a bug that has bitten all of us. Imagine the emotional state of a young girl when she is more than often rejected because she is NOT fair, slim or beautiful. She is most often an easy prey to depression. I wonder why we give so much importance to external attributes while totally ignoring the more important ones like nature, intelligence, compatibility etc. in a life partner. Are we shopping here for a curio to beautify home or wanting someone with whom we can share our lives! And same things go for men too - what with markets flooded with anti-balding treatments and all those fairness creams for men? He too is expected to earn well, be qualified with the most lucrative degree, have a macho figure etc. I often hear young girls asking for well sculpted men as their life partners. SO now the fire has reached even the other side of the society. At a young age he’s expected to offer all the comforts and luxuries when he’s still building his career!Added to all these cages, the worst shackle is the technology. We think human being created technology for comforts but today it has totally backfired on us impacting every aspect of the society. Just look around and see for yourself what have smart phones done to our lives! The downfall that started with the idiot box and further fuelled with the internet has been completed by the smart phones. Phones are getting smarter and humans are getting dumber. I’ve nothing against technology and if used sensibly it can be a great boon. We can now reach the entire world in a split second. Emails have become a passé with the advent of other more powerful and faster means of communication. Often Facebook and twitter has helped in reuniting people or in sending across a useful message. Today I too am saying what I feel thanks to this technology. We can surely not ignore the good things. However, we can’t turn a blind eye to the damage it does to our most profound institutions of marriage, family and society as a whole.  Families are fast disintegrating today as each one is happy to be in his on anda cell created by his Laptop, smart phone, personal TV or a tablet, and is constantly in his world with his headsets on. Cheating in marriages has never been so rampant and easy with the right to privacy. Virtual affairs ruin many marriages as one doesn’t understand that virtual love is bound to appear “perfect” and it’s only when you actually start life together you need to adjust and understand. Recently, a study revealed how social skills are being affected in this generation that spends most of its time in the virtual world. Family time is unheard of with each one immersed in his on virtual world. We forget that though wired from all sides we are not robots but human beings who are bound to need emotions like warmth, love and touch to thrive. The older generation who is not very tech savvy feels the brunt the most. They are mostly treated like a piece of furniture. The youth has no connect with parents leave alone grandparents. In our desire to connect across miles we have been disconnected from our own family.Family outings, dinners and gatherings do happen surprisingly even today but the most time and attention is hogged by these smart phones. Family time has become a joke with each member immersed in one’s cell phone- exchanging messages. Checking face book updates, updating status and so on.The family vacations are more for clicking selfies and check-ins to let the whole world on social media know the exotic place one is heading to. There have been many stand up comedies, what’s app forwards and tongue in cheek cartoons aimed at this but I feel we are quick to ignore these warning bells and laugh it off merely as a humour. So many have lost lives clicking selfies at dangerous spots but we are too slow to understand the implications. Are we really a generation of dimwits and our cell phones smarter than us? Only God save us in such situation…!All pictures Courtesy- https://unsplash.com

Book Review - The Leader
 Swapna Peri  
 17 March 2018  

Book Title: The LeaderAuthor : N.S.RaviAbout The Book:From the early 20th century, the then city Bombay now known as Mumbai, its economy was characterised by major textile mills, the base of India's growth in textile and garments industry. Hundreds of thousands of people from all over India were employed in working in the mills. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Mumbai-Thaneindustrial belt witnessed successive working class strikes and protests, with multiple trade unions competing for the allegiance of workers and political control. These primarily included famous political leaders from various Indian Political parties also.Dr. Dattatray Samant or Datta Samant), and popularly known as Doctorsaheb was the  trade union leader, who is most famous for leading 200–300 thousand textile mill workers in the city of Bombay now Mumbai on a year-long strike in 1982, which triggered the closure of most of the textile mills in the city.The book is based on this incident but based on timeline as in the year 82.. The author has made a great research and brought this story to his readers with a immense efforts. For this generation youngsters who are not aware of such incidents in the country from past, this book is like a reference.Such stories carry an impact which in real includes many unsolved conspiracies. These kind of stories make the readers attach to the real world while reading a fiction story. Kudos to the author.The title of the book ' The Leader ' is strong and gives an impression that the book must be about a person.The book cover is an image of an industry in black & white color and a lake's image in orange depicting pain.Superb and intense characterisation of the characters is observed.The narration is fantastic, simple yet effective.Simple and effective language is used.Final Verdict—A good read to know the lesser known facts and the book can be rated 3.8 out of 5

US CHINA (IMPORT TAX)
 Suraj Kumar  
 1 April 2018  
Art

Followed by the founding of the People’s Republic of China, USA and China have a long period of estrangement. The relation between US and China is very strong yet complex. The relations here refer to the international relations between both the countries. There are a huge amount of trade between both the countries make it somewhat political positive relations, yet some significant issues exist. The relation between the two has been described as the world’s most important bilateral relationship of the century by the world leaders. The countries are neither friends nor foes. The United States and China are clearly not allies. The United States has sought to build positive, comprehensive and cooperative relations with China by expanding their areas of cooperation and also mutually agreeing to the areas of disagreement. There are four annual dialogues held between the United States and China; the Diplomatic and Security Dialogue, the Comprehensive Economic Dialogue, the Law Enforcement and cybersecurity Dialogue, and the Social and Cultural Issues Dialogue which serves as a unique platform to promote bilateral understanding, discuss differences, expand consensus, increase cooperation, and build mutual trust between the two. The United States has put great emphasis on the need for both countries to enhance bilateral trust through formal dialogues, high-level exchanges, and expansion of people ties to ties. The United States approach to its economic relations with China has two major elements which are integrating China into the global, rules-based trading and economic system and also expanding United States exporters' and investors' access to the Chinese market.Recently Trump has directed the US trade representative to level tariffs about $50 billion worth Chinese imports. The mainstream media has been full of these scenarios past few weeks concerning about the potential for a China-US trade war, given that the tariff impositions by United States President Donald Trump imposed upon China in order to stop steel dumping and to protect the American jobs. Trump has increased the tariffs on Chinese imports in order to pressurize China to reduce its tariff rates, regardless of the number of products provided by China to the United States of America where the profit margin is set by United States of America itself. In addition, Trump has also planned to impose new investment restrictions to take strict actions against China at the World Trade Organisation. The move, on the steel and aluminum tariffs also took aim at China, which is heightening concerns of a global trade war that could destabilize the global economy. The US is planning to continue to engage diplomatically with China to reduce the trade imbalance between both countries. It is said that the tariffs would focus on the theft of US technologies. The investigation concluded that China has stolen United States companies into turning over their intellectual property through a series of state-run structural maneuvers, which includes its requirement for foreign companies partners with Chinese companies to access the Chinese market. The investigation has claimed that China has stolen US intellectual property by hacking US computer networks. According to the United States of America’s  International Trade Commission, the current average tariff on imports from China is about 3 percent. Low production costs in Latin America and Asia bring cheap goods in the United States of America, but tariffs would increase the cost of selling Chinese-made goods into the U.S. — which in fact appears to be Trump's goal. Administration officials have expressed concerns about China’s growing ambitions in industries like semiconductors, telecommunications equipment, and other high-tech exports. The tariff rates imposed by China has been measured and it was found out that it has been hit back at exactly the same voters that Trump is eagerly protesting. China has in fact taken a measured response to hurt Trump’s political base rather than swinging an ax over 1300 different products. China's Commerce Ministry on Friday urged the US to avoid placing bilateral trade ties in danger and also said they were not afraid of a trade war. Beijing's measures suspending tariff concessions will target 128 US products including pork, wines and seamless steel tubes and a 25-percent tariff on pork and recycled aluminum products. The Trump administration’s tax proposal, which is said to include cutting the corporate tax rate to 15 percent and also providing a one-time repatriation tax rate for trillions of dollars in the international earnings stashed overseas, is aiming at luring USA’s firms to remit overseas profits home and also to bring such operations back to the United States itself. The tax changes by the United States including the tariffs imposed on imports would tempt the Chinese manufacturers to now invest mostly in the United States of America and to sabotage the competitiveness of Chinese exports. The moto is for China to give up on an old growth model of its relying on exports and to increase its economic transformation. If the initiative of Trump’s maximum 15 percent corporate tax rate is approved by the US Congress, it could flash increased foreign investments into the United States of America. Also, re-shoring of USA’s businesses would be happening to create a shock to the global and Chinese economy as a whole. China might have to cut its own domestic corporate tax in this possible case.The tariffs imposed by the United States on China will not only affect China but it might hurt other countries too as it is true that China exports a lot of steel to the United States but more than that Brazil, Canada, Mexico and other countries do. The metals are used in a huge range of industrial applications that include cars and infrastructures. It is questionable that the imports might pose a threat to the natural security of the country. The United States is the world biggest steel importing country in the world. The top shipment of steel is done by Canada. But the ones affected by this also includes Japan and South Korea. China is not one of the Top 10 countries from which the United States imports steel. In fact, it is not even included in the Top 10 list of steel importers. It is said by trade experts that if Trump goes that route, even U.S. allies like Canada, South Korea, Mexico could be willing to stick tariffs of their own on U.S. exports like agricultural products, or picking non-U.S. goods — like Airbus planes over Boeing models. Beijing is said to take necessary measures to protect its interests if the final decision of the United States affects the country. The unfinished products made from steel are sent to South Korea and Vietnam where the workers put the final touch on the products and ships the finished products to the United States. After that, it is marked as a Vietnamese or Korean import. If that path is closed it indirectly affects China. If Trump invokes Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act, as is recommended, then it is said that he tends to believe that it is hurting the natural security. Trump must respond to the reports by April 11 and 19 for steel and aluminum, respectively to avoid the risk of trade wars and the threat of natural security being imposed on the country.

Riots- An analysis of human nature in a Democratic Polity
 Suparna Banerjee  
 3 April 2018  

The Beginning:In the wake of recent riots following the Ram Navami procession in Asansol-Ranigunj in West Bengal, this article is interested to analyse human nature and how does it function in a democratic political culture. The name of Adolf Eichmann is probably known only to a limited circle of people- those affected by his actions and those who studied him later. He was the second in command of the Nazi SS who was part of the team which formulated the policy of Final Solution of the Jews, fled to Argentina after the Second World War,captured by Mossad in May, 1960 , and hanged to death after a trial in Tel Aviv. What is important to know in this chronology of events is that his trial was televised throughout the world to present the extent of atrocities committed by the Nazis (it is however, not to suggest that Israel did not have any hidden agenda of not only gaining sympathy worldwide against the holocaust deniers but also prove its righteousness in putting a man responsible for the death of millions from their own community to trial despite being a nascent nation state which would help them bring their legal authority to the limelight) and that German born American political theorist Hannah Arendt wrote a book based on this trial, Eichmann in Jerusalem: A report on the Banality of Evil to analyse the extent of evil nature of human beings which prompted these people to adopt such horrific methods that led to the extermination of millions of a race from Europe. Putting in perspective- The curious case of West Bengal:Although what is happening in West Bengal following the Ram Navami incident is simply nothing compared to the above-mentioned incident, what is necessary to point out is an analysis of human nature. Bengal has been witness to comparatively lesser riots than northern and central regions of the country, except during the period of the country’s Freedom Movement where riots broke out for example in Noakhali which Mahatma Gandhi himself came to quell. Bengal’s experience of dealing with riots is very less- the last one (post the assassination of Indira Gandhi where the Sikhs were targeted) being successfully quelled by strong hand of Jyoti Basu, the long standing Chief Minister (CM) of Communist Party led West Bengal, preventing any reactions against the Sikh population. The Bengali Bhadrolok class has always taken pride in the fact that they are way above the rest of India class wise, where class does not represent any economy but signify a combination of factors like culture, politics, and social cohesion. This kind of feeling has taken its roots since the time of Bengal renaissance when the society led by some of the well-known Bengali intellectuals and social reformers like Raja Rammohan Roy and Debendranath Tagore ignited a rational thinking among the people (although there are existing views which proclaim that their efforts to modify conservative elements within Hinduism is a step towards making it more acceptable among the populace). We have traversed a long path in History, but we have always loved to bask in the glory of these past achievements and held it very close to our heart. In this long journey we have compromised on our ideals and ideas for petty gains and hence stands no chance of claiming to be on a higher pedestal of moral consciousness. The narratives coming up in the recent communal clashes in Asansol-Raniganj is the same that come up as mud-slinging and blame game following any such similar incidents. The ruling party blames the other, specially the one which has a history of using riot as an instrument to enter the political arena of a geographical space (we have not forgotten Muzaffarnagar yet!), the other accuses the ruling party of allowing the incident to flare up to such an extent by preventing the administration to perform its taskHuman Nature- an analysis:The nature of human as an animal appears to have remain unchanged. The three actors in this case are- BJP’s popular face in Bengal is a Central Minister and earlier voice to many a hit song in Bollywood, Babul Supriyo. CM Mamata Banerjee who has a history of resorting to disruption and chaos in the political culture throughout her rise in the political ladder as an opposition candidate. And finally, the common people who form the significant tool of the implementation of riots as political instruments. All the three actors have their roots in the same society which claims to have nurtured secularism as its core value- so much so that at least the 34 years of communist rule should have been able to nourish a religion-less political thinking. But unfortunately, it failed. It appears everything has gone in vain. Instead of moving towards a more civilised state of nature (at least that’s what Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau would have dreamt of!) we are moving towards a state of animalistic carnal nature of killing one of our own. And here the study of human nature like the one by Arendt attains significance. Human nature is basically animalistic. War, battles, human atrocities, rapes is not something new. It has been going on for generations and has filled the pages of history far too much. What therefore changed were two things- the reasons for the behaviour and the modus operandi of the actions. The basic instinct of performing such acts never left human essence. What Arendt argued was a lack of “thinking” in performing such acts. It always waited for the trigger to manifest its worst nature. With sophistication in our reasoning and societal structure we began our quest for myriad ways of being increasingly animalistic with the sole reason of being powerful over the others. Being powerful allows us to make happen whatever may not otherwise have been within our reach. For our convenience we have given names to these power – some are democratic, some dictatorship while some others are monarchy. But behind all these terminology lies the ever-burning instinct of more power. Democracy is considered to be the best among the worst because it also has its own share of pitfalls and disadvantages like the others but its packaging and marketing by the liberals have been way better than the propagators of the others. What makes such incidents like riots in a democratic polity interesting is, it is the sovereign which was handed the power to rule on behalf of its citizens takes a step backward towards chaos and disorder from where it was duty bound to save the people. Carl Schmitt, the crown jurist of the Nazi era provided an adequate justification in this regard. He claimed it is the sovereign which has the power to decide the cases of ‘exception’ in which it is entitled by the very constitution which binds its action, to take steps to address such scenario. Those exceptional circumstances would facilitate the process of labelling an ‘enemy’ and then follow it up with justification of waging a war against them. Such a logicality was used during the Nazi era to legitimise its actions against the Jews who were made to look responsible for the plight of the Germans post the First World War. The rhetoric in riot like situation is not very different. There is an enemy and there is a saviour. The saviour (Hindus) can legitimise its rule only at the cost of the enemy (the other social groups mainly minorities like Muslims). At the same time, it does not absolve the rulers from its actions or rather (in)action. Following Schmitt, the rulers have misused the legitimacy for its trivial political bargain at the cost of the sovereign who has handed them the power to rule on their behalf.Last but not the least:It is important to think why such incidents happen and how are human beings capable of such atrocities despite claiming it to have travelled the civilisational ladder. The political classification only gives us a convenient way out to explain our deeds- a dictator would directly kill people and in a democracy the ruler would instigate or sit back while people are killing each other. Rather it becomes convenient to perform such acts within a democratic scenario (because accountability comes later) in the absence of the baggage of pre-conceived public opinion against the system. Therefore Democracy, funnily, provides that space where leaders are capable of doing anything until it becomes too little too late. #smblogcontest

Why it takes a long time to post a Whitepaper
 Suchismita Sahu  
 28 July 2018  

Writing a white paper is a long process. It can take 20-40 hours for a professional writer to create a single medium length paper—and that’s working on it full time. When you’re a subject matter expert working on other projects at the same time—all bets are off.Why does it take so long to write a white paper?Well, first of all, it doesn’t take everyone that long. I’ve talked to other professional writers who take considerably less time. The issue then becomes how close do you want the writer to come on the first draft. If the writer doesn’t take enough time up front, you may have to pay at the back end by going through multiple rounds of revisions with them.What goes into creating a paper that hits the mark by the first—or at most second—draft?A good paper requires considerable research (or deep subject matter expertise) to provide context and the writer must work hard to tell a cohesive story.The Need for ResearchWhenever I start a white paper, I interview the client to get basic information, including the audience, the goals of the project, the one key message the client wants readers to remember, and the key supporting messages (which usually relate to the benefits of the solution being described).My job as the writer is to flesh out these high-level messages into something that leads the reader to understand why the problem is important and what steps can be taken to solve it. This involves the following:Providing context. People don’t know what they don’t know. To get them to read more, you need to start where they are. Describe some issue that they can relate to, and then lead them into a discussion of something they hadn’t considered related to that issue.For a white paper, this usually means starting with a description of a key strategic issue that the target audience faces. For example, the paper might address a new regulation that has an industry quaking in its boots.I recently wrote a white paper for a company that helps hospitals comply with audits from Medicaid, Medicare and private insurance companies. Targeting hospital audit managers, operations managers and CFOs, this paper documented the prospect of an exponentially increasing number of audits that are arising due to the success of Medicaid Recovery Audit Contractor (RAC) audits. This particular paper quoted the rising number of audits faced by one medical center. In other cases, I use quotes from high-profile industry analysis, such as the Gartner Group or Forrester Research to document a trend.Opening the knowledge gap. Once you’ve described a problem the reader already knows they have, you can describe a new area where they have a gap in their knowledge. In a white paper that talks about a technology solution, this often means describing what’s missing in existing solutions that customers/readers may already be using. Again, this can require considerable research to adequately describe these problems.Providing context around the solutions. Once you give people a clear idea of the problems they face and why existing solutions don’t truly address those problems, you can then begin to introduce your take on the solution. And yet, as you discuss different aspects of the solution, you still need to provide enough context so they can understand you.For example, if I’m writing a white paper on how an ERP solution improves productivity, I might discuss how it centralizes data from throughout the organization and how it automates business processes. I would need to provide the additional context to explain how data was not stored centrally before and what problems that caused (i.e. the need to constantly rekey information into multiple systems, which is a time-consuming and error-prone process).Providing context is time consuming. Even though I have an extensive background in many types of hardware and application software, it’s important to include the most up-to-date information, including the very latest trends as they apply to a particular industry, role or buyer persona. That can take considerable time sifting through trade-industry articles and interviews to understand the full story. Finding proof points from industry analysis can be time consuming—again because not only must the research be on topic, it also must be timely.Even providing context about the individual benefits of a relatively generic solution can take a fair amount of effort. I like to find several sources to ensure that I understand each issue completely and can describe it fully to my readers.The Art of Good WritingThe second time-consuming aspect of writing white papers is assembling contextual information in a way that makes sense for the reader and compels them to read further:Tell a coherent story. You can’t just include blobs of content. People want to read a story with a beginning, middle, and an end. Usually for thought-leadership papers that educate potential customers at the awareness phase of the sales cycle, the story will need to include the following:A beginning that describes a problem that our fearless reader needs to solve. In a white paper, this is usually a business condition that the customer must overcome if he or she is to succeed in meeting business goals. For example, the business challenge might be an uncertain economy that is leading the CFO to clamp down on IT budgetsThe middle will often describe obstacles in the way of our fearless reader solving that problem. For example, say your paper is on tape-backup consolidation. Here’s where you can talk about why current tape-backup systems contribute to inefficiency in the business.The end is where the reader is introduced to a solution to their problem. Here’s where you talk about all the ways tape-backup consolidation improves efficiency.Tell the reader why you’ve included each section of the paper. Not only must the paper attempt to tell a story, it must make the different parts of the story obvious. You need to include an executive summary telling readers up front what the paper will be about (so they can decide whether or not they want to read it). You need to introduce each section. As I draft the rough versions of my papers, I often use subheads that state the purpose of each section—problem, obstacles, solution, benefits etc.—so I keep them clear in my own mind as I’m writing. Only when the draft is 95% complete do I change the subheads to more clearly represent the actual content of the paper. I might change a section called “The Challenge” to one called, “The Need to Improve Efficiency.”Eliminate anything that doesn't contribute to the story. One risk of doing a lot of research is that while you’ll gather a great deal of information that’s important as background, but that won’t necessarily apply to the topic at hand. When you go to write the paper, however, you need to be ruthless about cutting anything out that doesn’t directly contribute to your story or the reader will get confused. For example, in my white paper-editing example, a key topic was the future of business intelligence. Yet, in many places, the paper wandered into a discussion of the Internet. While it’s fine in this context to talk about how the proliferation of Internet use will impact business intelligence, I cut out all references to how the Internet impacts telephony.So in answer to the initial question, the reason white papers can be time consuming to write is that you must do your homework to get the context necessary to explain the issues thoroughly and then you need to craft a single, coherent story that includes only relevant information.

DESTINATION WEDDING
 Preeti Tal  
 28 July 2018  

Destination wedding

Experience the Enrichment of Business Services in the Chinese Capital
 saurabh pant  
 30 July 2018  

Experience the Enrichment of Business Services in the Chinese Capital-Enrol with Serviced Offices of Beijing TodayWilling to work in Beijing for a change? Wish to be the part of unique business deals, practices and tactics of Beijing as an economic hub? You don't need to be bothered as the Serviced Offices of Beijing offers all solutions to your issues and worries about business plans to be worked out in Beijing and in Chinese borders indeed. They not only make your business better to prosper, but their guidance leads you to become cheerful and have a real glory for yourself in Beijing through the support of Serviced Offices.Administrative Capacity The main block of Serviced Offices of Beijing consists of Administrative practices through enrolment of the Administrative board that looks after all your queries and problems to handle in a quickened pace. The role of this authority is to guarantee your presence in the Business world in Beijing. It guides you to decide proper settlements as well as its advice and guide you on your own private and customer affairs through the guidance of certain officers that make your dream come true’s as a business agent in the Beijing economy indeed. Beijing Business Portals However, the proceedings in Beijing in the context of business are not completely possible if you don't consist of any lease to command yourself. In this way, the free lease practice provided by Serviced Offices of Beijing make this economic hub most preferable in the context of international and local means of economic settlements and business practices. The provision of around 10% business factor balance also comes handy that is provided by the offices to make a check of balance between local and global authorities, Thereby the actual economic role makes Business portals like ideas are one of the best to be brought into action for proper economic and financial management. Servcorp Serviced Office This platform is most essential in the context of serviced Offices of Beijing. The people working in this offices work to make a proper economic supply and control by providing various kind of possibilities through the support of proper standards. The Servcorp Services contain proper guidance, maintenance and security to your business in Beijing, either online or offline, so a proper mandate is being established in the context of availability for the radar of Economic gains and Business practices worldwide. Virtual Economy What can be added more than the Serviced offices of Beijing provide you the best business mechanism and economic support that make the services the best in the context of Business affiliation in Chinese modules? You can make your remark in Beijing only if you are properly known to Serviced offices that play the main role for business availability here. So try on the services and make your business successful in Beijing and get profit from worldwide beneficiaries through the support of Serviced Offices of Beijing at large. 

Consider all your Economic policies around Montreal
 saurabh pant  
 6 August 2018  

Consider all your Economic policies around Montreal-Serviced offices of Office Space Direct boost trade NetworksIn the world of equal measurement, cultural growth and benefits of business around the nation like Canada, it has become necessary to have Serviced Office Direct Montreal that can help people to boost their business opportunities and make a global and nationwide impact.To make it generally possible, an online portal of global impetus known as the Office Space Direct has come to people's aid, so they can find their service offices there and build a business opportunity to themselves by having the trust and equal confidence of the web place that can easily provide various possible open chances for people investing or doing business around Montreal at large. Office available to perform Business activities What is the first path to follow out the Serviced Office Direct in Montreal that you must have a place which can offer you professional offices, maintained a portfolio and high accustomed place where you can start to perform business activities and can deal with them without any risk? This service is easily managed by the Office Space Direct with world class facilities offered in form of the professional Serviced Office whereby they guarantee, provide and assure a unique style to start your business performance across Montreal so you not get stuck up in the foundations and can trust the place online and start to accomplish your business activities without any rush due to support for Office Space Direct indeed. Web support glorifies their impressions around Considering the fact that people do require offices around Montréal’s as Serviced Office Direct Montreal to start their portfolio and make a business impact, the platform like Office Space Direct is available on the web to sort out all related issues and guarantee high classified portals to support, guide and direct right channels for people to star a platform. What they do is that they assure a multiclass service to offer while you conduct your business plans; They offer a guaranteed portfolio with 5 varieties in offices and once you have the services to know all policies obtained for business, You may find your success easily by support of the platform as it's the main job is to guarantee unique service offices around Montreal which make your venture high classified and professionally unique at large... 

Should you choose Hero commuter bikes over Honda?
 Helen Ruybal  
 13 August 2018  
Art

India is a huge market for commuter motorcycles as the people from the country are looking for affordable two-wheelers with high mileage. The motorcycles are quite handy to cover short distance daily.Hero bike and their Honda counterparts are the two popular manufacturers in this segment.The two companies offer a good combo of power, economy and lower running cost which are the keys to success. The motorcycles are most popular in urban and semi-urban markets.In the following article, we will find the answer on why should we choose Hero bikes over Honda? So, we picked Hero’s one of the most popular motorbikes in the segment, the Glamour FI which faces a tough competition from the Honda’s CB Shine SP.EngineThe Hero Glamour Programmed FI of Hero gets a single-cylinder, 4 stroke, 125-cc air-cooled engine which is capable of delivering a maximum of 9 bhp power at 7,000 rpm and 10.35 Nm of peak torque. The engine comes mated to a 4-speed gearbox and provides a quality performance in low and mid-range.On the other hand, the Honda CB Shine SP comes with a similar single cylinder, 4 stroke, 125-cc air-cooled petrol engine which pumps out more power of 10.57 bhp at 7,500 rpm along with a peak torque of 10.3 Nm at 5,500 rpm. It is mated to a five-speed transmission.Hence, in this regards, the Honda Shine seems to be the more powerful model.MileageThe mileage of any motorcycle is one of the most essential features to be checked by the buyers. The Hero Glamour FI claims to deliver a mileage of 72 kmpl, as claimed by the company, while the latest Honda CB Shine claims to offer a mileage of 68 kmpl. So this is where the Hero really comes on its own.Performance and FeaturesThe Hero Glamour Programmed FI offers a quite good performance for daily usage. It has a top speed of 97 kmph and you can accelerate from 0 to 60 kmph in just 7.3 seconds. It has a 12-litre fuel tank and comes with 18-inch alloy wheels. In addition, the two-wheeler has disc brakes at the front and drum brakes at the rear.On the other hand, the Honda Shine SP does not shine like its competitor. It can attain a top speed of 93 kmph and drum brakes are provided on both the wheels. Also, it has a lower fuel tank capacity as 10.5 litres. However, it has the same size wheels.PricingThe Hero Glamour FI comes with a price tag of around Rs. 67,000 (exclusive showroom), while the Honda Shine SP costs around Rs. 3,000 lesser than that. Though the hero bike does not offer as much power as the Honda, the performance is on the higher side, thanks to the bigger fuel tank and better mileage.That said, despite more power, the Shine cannot reach the top speed of Hero Glamour, which clearly seals the deal.

Snollygoster's evil plan
 Niyati Saxena  
 12 September 2018  
Art

Police often turns a blind eye to women's disobedience to traffic rules. Women take an undue advantage and never wear helmet and seat belt. In the end, who have to suffer? Ofcourse the one who has been given a privilege of being a women. Actually, the word privilege is inexpedient here, so I should rather say that police is afraid of women that if they charge her any fine or do negotiations, then she can also put n number of accusations on them & win the case by sophistry. So, police thinks better spare woman & apprehend man.Snollygosters are same like police in the above case. Oppressing general category & sympathizing SC/STs has become dime a dozen for gathering a mammoth amount of votes. In this case who will have to suffer? General category, government, economy or SC/STs? The answer is ALL! The devil is in the details. Inequality often sows the sead of hostility. Government is not at all narrowing the gap, it is bridging the gap wider day by day. First outrageous activity was committed in the history by sanctimonious people who used to ostracize dalits and second government is doing by offering malign practices. Earlier, dalits were deprived, now generals are. In 72 years a country can turn from rags to riches, and here we are talking about a group of people who are developing. So why to consider them different from others? Why to make different laws for them? Why to benefit them with different facilities? They are not at all SOCIALLY BACKWARD now because it is used for Below Poverty Liners. This thing only creates animosity for SC/STs. Benefits will always make them inferior to others. They won't be able to stand on their own feet. This is Catch 22, we can't hope for development with this dogma.

The pseudo alliances
 niyati saxena  
 24 September 2018  

In a friendship of two parties, the powerful helps the inferior one to plummet disparities among them. We have seen many fables in Indian mythology like Krishna-Sudama, Krishna-Arjun, Trijata-Sita, Draupadi-Krishna and so on. But in modern world, the powerful one defames the inferior one for his own gluttonous purposes. We can't establish entente cordiale with the country who is incessantly suppressing us by playing witty games. Obviously the country I am talking about is U.S., many moons ago, dollar became the most reliable & stable currency in the world, all the countries promulgated it unanimously and relinquished gold to acquire dollar, this is when it all started.All the countries are at risk of sanctions. They all are like a marionette whose strings are managed and controlled by Mr. Trump. Whichever country goes against him, he makes that country's economy miserable like he did in Iran's case by imposing sanctions. Recently Russia has also become the victim of the same and if any country dares to buy paraphernalia from Russia then that country will be in trouble and Chinese military is already facing this punishment. India is in great obfuscation of what to choose among the S400 and Thaad. No matter how powerful Russian S400 is, no matter how many fighter jets it can destroy, but Thaad is an American missile defense system, and American companies can't incur loss. If India refuses to buy Thaad, then there is a fear of sanctions. Same thing America has done in COMCASA agreement, by signing LEMOA, BECA and COMCASA India and US became allies, but in reality it is an act of subjugation. Why to act like a slave? Why to blow US's trumpet unnecessarily? We are not the perpetrators, still we live in apprehension. Now it's time to make some effective strategies against US. When all the countries will walk hand in hand by burying the hatchet and will make up their mind to fight against dollar. It won't be a Herculean task at all.

The pseudo alliances
 Niyati Saxena  
 24 September 2018  
Art

In a friendship of two parties, the powerful helps the inferior one to plummet disparities among them. We have seen many fables in Indian mythology like Krishna-Sudama, Krishna-Arjun, Trijata-Sita, Draupadi-Krishna and so on. But in modern world, the powerful one defames the inferior one for his own gluttonous purposes.We can't establish entente cordiale with the country who is incessantly suppressing us by playing witty games. Obviously the country I am talking about is U.S., many moons ago, dollar became the most reliable & stable currency in the world, all the countries promulgated it unanimously and relinquished gold to acquire dollar, this is when it all started.All the countries are at risk of sanctions. They all are like a marionette whose strings are managed and controlled by Mr. Trump. Whichever country goes against him, he makes that country's economy miserable like he did in Iran's case by imposing sanctions. Recently Russia has also become the victim of the same and if any country dares to buy paraphernalia from Russia then that country will be in trouble and Chinese military is already facing this punishment.India is in great obfuscation of what to choose among the S400 and Thaad. No matter how powerful Russian S400 is, no matter how many fighter jets it can destroy, but Thaad is an American missile defense system, and American companies can't incur loss. If India refuses to buy Thaad, then there is a fear of sanctions. Same thing America has done in COMCASA agreement, by signing LEMOA, BECA and COMCASA India and US became allies, but in reality it is an act of subjugation.Why to act like a slave? Why to blow US's trumpet unnecessarily? We are not the perpetrators, still we live in apprehension. Now it's time to make some effective strategies against US. When all the countries will walk hand in hand by burying the hatchet and will make up their mind to fight against dollar. It won't be a Herculean task at all.

Freelancing, the supermom’s Infinity Gauntlet against maternity discrimination
 Jennifer Winget  
 21 November 2018  
Art

If you’re an expecting mother in the United Kingdom, you’re probably one of the 54,000 women who lose their livelihood every year, due to maternity discrimination. This bigotry exists but is largely unheard of. Women avoid straining themselves during pregnancy to file a case against their unfair employers. Moreover, the court only gives three months for moms-to-be to report a claim.A research done by Great Britain’s national equality body, The Equality and Human Rights Commission, has brought forward these staggering facts. In a survey of 3,200 women, almost 350 women reported unfair dismissal, roughly equating to 11% of the women. The women were treated poorly, with occasional obviation of their roles.The unwarranted prejudice is taken calmly as the protest can affect the career path of these wronged women heavily. Most of the moms-to-be resign quietly without kicking up a controversy. Fortunately, with a finger-snap, these mothers can turn around their dire situation with freelancing.Freelancing is perfect for new moms who have to take care of themselves and their babies. Over 287,000 mothers are working as freelancers, making up 15% of the total 1,900,000 freelancers. They enjoy high pay and are far from a stressful environment that might trigger post-natal depression. The flexible work hours let them attend to their children while keeping an eye out for official tasks.Indian lead database company, Connecting All India, highlights stay-at-home mothers as primary lead providers. In fact, they work dynamically and better than other freelancers as the children mentally charge them up. These self-employed mothers are able to spend more time with their young ones, keeping them mentally and physically fit. Freelancing moms are free from contracts. They can slip into a comfortable gown, soft slippers, and then start working on their computer system with a stable internet connection. Freelance writing happens to be the most common tasks they undertake, followed by lead generation. Other freelance work they can take includes website design, web development, teaching, graphics illustration, social media marketing, photography, branding, email marketing, translator services, and more.The moms are able to redefine themselves as entrepreneurs and consultants, resulting in more outreach along with better professional opportunities. Homemaker freelancing moms have contributed as much as £7 billion to the UK’s economy. As the freelancing culture is catching up with the Islands, this number is set to increase rapidly. Freelancing women are nothing short of ‘supermoms’, as they juggle their job, their family, and their mental/physical health without complaining.    

DHARM KI STHAPNA
 Atul Agarwal  
 4 December 2018  
Art

Respected Sirs,SUBJECT :- Cleaning of Society by Confession and Forgiving, Opportunity of Self Punishment or PRAYSCHIT, ReformationDHARM KI STHAPNA, is the hour of need. We are in minus, having numerous problems. How much minus? Unascertainable, endless ? Where to start to overcome these problems, no definite way is visible ? One major problem is of dishonesty. I hereby take liberty to suggest a way to overcome this problem. We may try to build a platform. We may restart our civilization. First, we declare ourselves to be on Zero. At different times, Government had launched Voluntary Disclosure of Income and Wealth Schemes (called VDS, VDIS, VIDS, Amnesty, etc.), first in 1951, second & third in 1965, fourth in 1975 and fifth in 1997. The broad objectives of all the VDSs were to unearth the undisclosed income & wealth, provide opportunity to the past evaders of tax to adopt the path of rectitude & civic responsibility, to mobilize resources and to channelise funds into priority sectors of the economy. Though the financial outcome of the VDSs of 1975 & 1997 might had been good, but, from the present scenario, you can very well visualize that, apart from collection of some earthed money (that too, of individuals own choice), none of the other objectives (in particular, returning to the path of rectitude & civic responsibility) were / have been achieved. Please introduce some more schemes. Scheme – I This time, scheme should be, not to only disclose the undisclosed income & wealth, but, a scheme of confession / declaration of every dishonesty / financial sin, including disclosure of all bad / black money / assets and surrender thereof. Percentage of surrender be fixed. Government will have to assign / designate this work to some department/s, which shall work as fast track courts in every district or even in rural areas, by taking cognizance of confession / declaration, by taking possession of surrendered money / assets, thereby implying compounding of offences, and forgiving / acquitting the declarant. However, such designated courts may have the power not to acquit such declarants, whose cases are linked with our Country’s security and integrity. This scheme be the last opportunity to us to return to the path of rectitude and civic responsibility. From the date of announcement of the scheme, dishonesty be put to strict vigil and immediate & deterrent punishment, which be continued for ever. After the closure of scheme, the non-declarants of bad / black money be searched, that money / assets be seized / disgorged and they be put for time bound trial before the fast track courts. Besides the black money in our Country, it has been reported (as read in newspapers) that the black money of over Rs.25 (some say Rs.70) Lakhs Crores of our Country was stashed in Swiss banks. This staggering amount of black money is a big hole in the national exchequer and the same can be diverted to the Country’s growth. Amazingly, each of 6 Lakhs villages in our Country would get a share of Rs.4 to Rs.10 Crores if the full amount of black money is retrieved, only from Swiss banks. Now is the time for Government to regain the black money, for which, aforesaid proposed scheme may be first used. Scheme – II In criminal cases, guilt may be divided in 5 categories e.g. negligible guilt, minor guilt, middle class guilt, major guilt and very major guilt. Cases may be discontinued / acquitted in the event of negligible guilt. Offences of minor and / or middle class guilt may be decided by consent orders by payments of expenses / costs & monetary penalties to the courts and damages / compensation to the complainants, by the accuseds. Cases of major guilt and very major guilt be decided in a maximum period of 02 years (one year at Lower Court, six months at High Court and six months at Supreme Court). Scheme – III All the civil disputes be first referred to system of jury / arbitration, where jury members / arbitrators, in each dispute, should first work towards an amicable settlement / conciliation and if the parties do not settle amicably, jury members / arbitrators will pronounce Order / Arbitration Award. Thereafter, there may be time bound court proceedings of maximum one year, upto the level of Supreme Court. This had been provided in CPC Amendment Bill of year 2000, which, probably, was put in THANDA BASTA / scrapped. Decree and Execution be clubbed. All, at least by heart, will welcome, these schemes, because they will have the opportunity for GANGA SANAN. Over 3 Crores cases are pending in courts across our Country. Clearing the backlog of cases is one of the biggest challenges. These schemes will substantially reduce the number of cases and will ease the burden of judiciary and all concerned & investigating departments of Government. Only by honesty, all plans of Government will truly reach to goal, including vision of Rural India. When honesty will prevail, there will be action (KARM) and that action will be in right direction & spirit. Government should do it. Victory is where justice reigns. With regards, Sincerely yours 

Cheap Flights to Hawaii With Points & Miles
 Anna Kucirkova  
 21 March 2019  

Ask almost anyone you know about their dream vacation they want to take in their lifetime and high possibilities are that they’ll say Hawaii. Each and every year, over 8 million visitors arrive in Hawaii to experience the distinct Islands in Hawaii where they can enjoy great food and drinks as they rest by the beach.However, the costs of flights to this place are quite high. People are often forced to save much for this adventure in Hawaii. Luckily, there are various ways you can make use of fly points and miles to book a flight and save lots of cash. This article looks into the different domestic and economy first-class reward booking alternatives you have as well as the lie-flat seat found in international business-class cabins outlooks.So, what are the best programs for booking Hawaiian award flights?Is making your life much easier the issue? plan ahead when you book a flight to Hawaii. The award space, as expected, is not always available due to the large number of individuals who pay for tickets in cash. However, one thing that makes it easy to book for Hawaiian awards is its flexible schedule.Here are some of the best programs or booking Hawaiian award flights.Korean Air SkyPassIf you have the Chase Rewards Points, the Korean Airline program is the best means to book for Hawaiian award flights on Delta for you.Booking ProcessKorean Air makes use of area-based award sheet for Sky. Sky Team partner awards booking. The fact that this airline contemplates all of the U.S as one region makes the redemption rates reasonable on Delta. You can look for awards space on the airline’s website from where you can book from. To view the imperative city pairings, it is important for you to note that you have to select the “SkyTeam Award” just after selecting “Redeem Miles”. Also, you can check the Air France’s website and then call the airline agents to book if you find the space.In addition, the Korean Air partners with the Hawaiian Airlines as well as the Alaska Airline provide you with other greats alternatives in case you need to fly to Hawaii. Through the partnership, you have vast range of non-stop paths to various Hawaiian airports that allow the Korean Air miles and fly points bookings. These booking points include Los Angeles, Portland, San Diego, Seattle (SEA), and Atlanta among others. However, the mileage need for these parties is different from the Delta flights requirements.Currently, the Korean Air does not partner with the Chase Rewards, but allows you to earn Marriot points which you can transfer to Korean at affordable rates.Air FranceThe second SkyTeam alternative for booking awards flight to Hawaii that we propose for you is Air France program.Booking Award Flights with Air FranceJust like with Korean Air, Air France enables you to book award flights on Delta as well as their other partner, the Alaska Airlines. However, unlike Korean Air, this airline fails to have distinct redemption rates. This airline has a number of benefits over the Korean Air. For instance, it is easier to look for award spaces on Delta by use of the airline’s online search. Further, Air France has the capability to book a one-way award ticket at a cost that is half the mileage cost.However, if you are planning to fly to Hawaii by booking an award ticket on Alaska Airlines, you have to go through a different process. It is not possible to find the award space by use of the online search by Air France, so you are required to call and request an agent to look or make use of America’s Airlines website to search. The Air France partners with both the Chase Ultimate Rewards and American Membership Reward to enable you to earn the Flying Blue miles and fly points.Singapore Airlines KrisFlyerThe Singapore Airlines program partners with the Star Alliance to offer you an option to book for Hawaiian award flights on the United Airlines. You have the option of using the United MileagePlus in booking for the awards. however, using the Singapore Airline to fly to Hawaii saves you many points.Booking Award Flights with Singapore Airlines KrisFlyerEarlier on, booking an award flight using Singapore Airlines’ partner required you to search for space on the website through Air Canada’s Aeroplan program to provide dates and number to a Singapore Airlines’ agent. Also, you could call to book. Luckily, you have much better alternatives since the Airlines enable you to look for and book award flights using the Star Alliance partners.The Singapore Airlines program partners with the four transferable points programs for you to earn points and miles.British Aiways Executive ClubThis airline gives you the option to fly to Hawaii. You can use the airline when you book for Alaska's award flights.Booking Award FlightsThis airline makes use of distance-based reward sheet which means that the total count of Avios needed in booking an award flight is determined by your distance of flight. Nonstop flights are, therefore, ideal for you to increase your points. The British Airways offers you with 12 non-stop flying points for booking including Anchorage (ANC), San Diego (SAN) and Seattle (SEA) among others.You can earn British Airways Avios by transferring points from Chase Ultimate Rewards or from the American Express Rewards. Moreover you can use co-branded credit card given by Chase.BonusThe main focus is on the non-stop paths to Hawaii. However, our bonus alternative has both the non-stop paths as well as those with a single connection. You can make use of the Singapore Airline miles or fly points to book a flight on Alaska Airline or the United Airlines.Finding Lie-Flat Business Class SeatsThis is a class that allows you to fly to Hawaii in style. Finding such a flight is hard, however. We offer you a list of the best Airlines that offer this business class. These include the Delta Air Lines Airbus A330 and Boeing 767, United Airlines Boeing 777, 767, and 757, American Airlines Airbus A330, Boeing 777 and 767 and Hawaiian and Airlines Airbus A330.ConclusionRegardless of the fly points you have, it is possible for you to book a Hawaiian award flight. The flight to Hawaii requires few fly points which enables you to tag along a friend or a family member. This information helps you book in less or no time by providing you with detailed information of the booking process.

Things you should know about Astrology
 Galagali Multimedia  
 24 April 2019  

“Millionaires don’t apply astrology, billionaires do.”As research of astrological cycles disclose the ebb and flow of the psychology of the masses, these cycles can give clues that are helpful in financial investing.  For instance, while Pluto was traveling via Sagittarius, the sign of expansion and optimism, there was an actually endless flow of consumer confidence that drove the stock and housing markets in an unending upward direction.  The moment Pluto entered Capricorn in January; the reality check that Capricorn needs investors to understand that they were standing on a house of cards and with the drop of confidence came the fall of the markets as well as the rest of the economy.  Short-term planetary cycles might provide certain clues as to the twists and turns of the markets, but it is quite hard to predict specific investments with any precision because of the huge number of variables: the cycles of the individual investor, its CEO, the particular company, etc.   Astrology can assist to explain as well as solve issues in relationships.The astrological charts of two persons can be compared, expressing underlying compatibilities as well as potential issues that can facilitate successful interaction between the two individuals.  This is effectual for business partners, spouses, as well as parents, siblings and children.  They might also calculate a chart of the relationship, known as the “composite” chart, and keep an eye on the planetary cycles that the relationship is likely to come across. Having knowledge about planetary cycles can assist to navigate times of emotional difficulty.The way planets in the sky travel via solar system, they many a times make angles to planets in our birth-chart, stimulating an array of different cycles named “transits” that affect us in a various ways.  Cycles of Saturn develop pressure for success as well as achievement, and can induce delays and result in disappointment.  Uranus cycles urge the individuals to make changes in the life where one have turn out to be stale, creating a sense of restlessness and desire for something new.  Under the influence of Neptune individuals hear the Siren’s call – stimulating a longing within themselves to experience the heavenly, an urge towards the mystic.  These times might bring delusion, confusion and illusion as well as tough creative and romantic impulses.  Knowing the nature of the cycle that is occurring assist to navigate via hard ways quite easily, and it also lets one know when these cycles will commence and when they will finish. As an accurate birth-time is important for more specific information, a great deal can be known using only the date of birth.The birth time sets up the formation of the houses and gives the ascendant, or rising sign as well as the exact position of the Moon and makes it simpler to time events with some specificity.  But also without an exact time the date of birth gives the placements of all other planets and their relationship to each other which provides clues into the inner workings of the personality and permits us to predict major and minor planetary cycles.