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The Phoenix
 Suchismita Sahu  
 8 March 2018  

Below is my script, which I had delivered in my club level contest of Toastmaster International speech contest. For the knowledge of the readers, I would like to say that Toastmasters International (TI) is a US headquartered nonprofit educational organization that operates clubs worldwide for the purpose of helping members improve their communication, public speaking, and leadership skills. Writing stories and writing scripts for speeches are two different things. In speeches, the speaker has to take the challenge to involve her audience throughout the speech and she has to communicate everything within 7 mins of her talk. Audience may lose interest if the opening is not good and if the script timing goes beyond 7 mins, then audience may feel bored. So, this script provides some guidelines to a speaker.... Hope the readers will enjoy it:Title: The phoenixOpening:4th Jan1986, Odisha, a girl was born with lots of dreams in her eyes. Dreams to be the best daughter to her parents  …. Dreams to be the best Engineer the world has ever seen….dreams to bring a change in the nation …. Dreams to do the best of her life …. N  Dreams to be a wonderful wife……………………Everything was going fine as planned until 2014 when this girl caught a disease ………….. her dreams started dying, her faith in love started dying, her trust for her parents started losing and worst of all , she even thought of ending it……Eventually After 2 years of struggle  that sweet innocent girl ……died a suffocating death.Body:Good afternoon Honorable Contest Chair, fellow toastmasters and dear guests.In one of those chilly evening on November 2016, she was reborn as an independent woman with self-respect, one who takes her own decisions ……4 years back, life had put her at a turning point where one decision that she took made her disgrace for everyone……… worse even disgrace to her parents. What was that one wrong decision that changed her life………….? What was that disease that killed her happiness…??Her mistake was she decided to say no to domestic violence after marriageShe decided to not tolerate her drunkard husband’s beatings every night, she decided to not tolerate her father in law stopping her to talk to her family members, she decided not to ask her parents for more dowry, she decided not to tolerate her mother in law’s giving her high voltage electric shocks. She had lost her mental peace and freedom, which had huge negative impact on her professional career. How difficult to bear all those? How painful those moments were?? Losing individuality and living means a spiritless life with a moving physical body, that means you are living like a dead body!!!When she looked back to get the ANegative Situation Wisely Experiencing Reversal she could see that she had very little control over what happened. The seasons of her experience had to run their course – severe winter storms, cold and darkness, then the seeds hidden from within started beginning to sprout (very exciting!). The best she could do was ride the waves, which she did with varying degrees of success. She saved all her strength to swim with the tide and to flow with the grace that washed through her days, raising all her quills to defend against invaders. She took this on faith. All she used is a pair of eyes unblinkered by fear, apprehension and prejudice. Fighting with herself went on in each and every moment, hour and day, to come out from her demon created by herself since her birth. To come out from the attitude to care about ‘what will people say?’Transformation was not sweet and bright. It was dark, murky, painful and pushing. A practice in facing our own created demons.  A complete uprooting, before becoming. She turned her demons into art, her fears into fuel, her mistakes into teachers and her weaknesses into reasons to keep us fighting. She did not waste her pain, instead recycled her heart!!!Situation in life might had defeated her, burnt her, insulted her, injured her and abandoned us. But,  they will not, shall not and cannot destroy her, like a Phoenix she knows how to surrect. Lakshmi Agarwal, JK Rowling, Muniba Mazari and many more are the phoenixes who emerges from the ashes….Now, after 4 yrs, she can see herself as an independent woman who spreads her messages on how to fight with themselves among those women who try to commit suicide due to various reasons whether she is a rape survivor or has become physically disabled and lost her confidence to live her life. She says them “We do not need magic to transform our world. We carry all of the power we need inside ourselves already. The world is full of wonderful things you havenot seen yet. Don’t ever give the chance of seeing them. You are not a victim, you are a survivor. The man who attacked you will cover his face. You wont. While we women get busy in playing our predefined roles, we forget to love ourselves, we forget our worth and we don’t realize that there is so much more we can do for ourselves and for the people around us.”Conclusion:Ladies and Gentlemen,As said by Lao Tzu “New beginnings are disguised as painful endings.”What’s perceived as painful and undesirable, often paves the way for something better – and if not better, at least different. In difference, lies life’s momentum and progress. Traumatic occurrences always have a disguised positive side to them. Hidden opportunities make us more determined and fills us with life-preserving energy. Until we’re jolted out of our peaceful slumber, no epoch event can be expected to happen.Desire changes Nothing, Decision changes Something. But Determination changes Everything.Desire changes Nothing, Decision changes Something. But Determination changes Everything.Over to Emcee… 

Depression In Life
 Rahul Yadav  
 9 March 2018  

" Rukh Zindagi ne mor lia kesa , humne socha nhi tha kbhi esa. Ata nhi yakeen kya se kya ho gya , kis tarah mei tujhse yuh bewafa ho gya. Insaf kar do ,mujhe maaf kardo." It's 2:45 am, the silence around me is bliss, no noise, the lyrics are taking me to a different world and I started fighting my internal demons. We often tend to neglect our mental health. One of the most common illness that is overlooked is depression. People think depression is sadness. People think depression is crying. People think depression is dressing in black. But people are wrong. You toss and turn in your bed so that sinking feeling in your stomach goes away, but it doesn't. You wish your mind could just stop thinking, just for a moment, so you can trick your mind into falling asleep but it doesn't. It hasn't for 3 months now. You remind yourself of happy memories, but there don't seem to be any. The more you try to remember, the more miserable it feels. The worst part is, you don't know what caused this storm. Could it be the recent heartbreak? Or the fact that you've lost all your friends? Is it that you've lost all confidence in life. And that's what keeps you up all night. There's a sense of permanence in turmoil. It doesn't seem like it's ever going to be okay. Days aren't really days; they are just annoying obstacles that need to be faced. And how do you face them? Through drinking, through smoking, through drugs, through cutting. When you're depressed, you grasp on to anything that can get you through the day. Everything's going wrong all at once. With every step you take, your world collapses a little more. Nobody knows what you're going through, no matter how much they pretend to. They can't see what's hiding behind your smile. How can they not? You know what depression really feels like? Nothingness. It feels empty - zilch. There's nothing inside you, nothing around, nothing to look forward to. Nothing to fall back on. Nothing that you can see.

BORN FREE TO LIVE IN A CAGE
 Padmini Ravindran  
 16 March 2018  

  All over the world, countries celebrate their independence day with great pride and gusto showcasing their strength and progress to be admired and awed by people. However, I wonder at times are we; human beings really free or liberated? Do we enjoy freedom in true sense? I’ll keep my thought process limited to India without going to the other parts of the world.Every human being according to me is free only at the time of birth. A baby has no worries about projecting the “right public image” and is happy doing anything and everything he wants to. As we grow, we are caged, shackled in many chains by the society- Social, cultural, emotional and lately technological.It starts when the baby (I’ll use ‘She’ as a pronoun as it encompasses ‘he’ too J!) is hardly a toddler. Parents love to show off his/her talents without any consideration for his/her moods and fancies. She has to sing or dance and entertain the relatives who are often least interested. Then there is a marathon for the best school in the city. The kid is again forced to mug up the likely questions to be asked at the interview, learn to behave in a certain manner at the age when she just wants to be left on her/his own.    Once at school the comparison starts with all the other children. Every parent wants the child to be the best - marvelling at studies, sports, debates and elocutions, arts, theatre, social etiquette and so on. In short she has to be a Superwoman, while the mothers sweat over every small detail like deciding what hobbies are “in”, what vitamin supplements to give the child for super-built body and extra-intelligent brain, what kind of clothes are in vogue for kids and so on. All advertisements put the pressure on parents to make a scientist/ doctor/ engineer or any professional (Please note that none off the advertisements think much of artists or farmersL! No wonders farmers have remained the most vulnerable lot in our “agrarian” economy for decades!). The harried parents, in turn pass on this frenzied madness on to their children. Every parent dreams of having a super successful child prodigy, irrespective of own talents that he has passed on in the child’s DNA at birth. We want our children to follow the career chart we have created for them taking in consideration the status, social acceptance, and money it will yield. What the child’s interests are is totally ignored.Once the school and college marathon is over and youth gets a plum job, then the other social pressures build up. A girl must learn to be graceful, super talented at juggling home and demanding career, must be having all the socially accepted attributes like – fair, tall, slim, social yet home-loving, educated yet sacrificing, modern yet with traditional values and the list is endless.This brings me to the fairness obsession in our country where most girls are bound to be wheat complexioned due to our geographic and climatic conditions. Having a dusky complexion is looked down upon and if you have a darker skin only God or fairness creams save you! I find the advertisements so ridiculous when a girl dreaming of a great career has to rely on fairness creams to prove her mettle! If she wants to remain single by choice then hell breaks loose. If she marries then her womanhood is not considered complete till she delivers a baby. Why I wonder, in a free country it becomes a privilege of all and sundry to barge into couple’s bedroom and discuss why are they not having kids and what could be wrong with them. Can we not let the parents decide when they want to bring in a life that is going to be their responsibility till they are alive?Men on the other hand are forced to bring home a handsome pay package and comparisons of how much comforts and luxury a neighbour can afford to give his wife vis- a -vis the poor husband becomes a main topic of contention. Once they become parents they too merrily join the same rat race that their parents had joined to ruin them.These are some of the socio-cultural shackles I strongly feel about. Emotional shackles too are somewhat intertwined in these as usually our Indian society loves to emotionally blackmail their loved ones to follow their commands. Log kya kahenge is the most dangerous epidemic that has been afflicted by Asian psyche. Social approval is a bug that has bitten all of us. Imagine the emotional state of a young girl when she is more than often rejected because she is NOT fair, slim or beautiful. She is most often an easy prey to depression. I wonder why we give so much importance to external attributes while totally ignoring the more important ones like nature, intelligence, compatibility etc. in a life partner. Are we shopping here for a curio to beautify home or wanting someone with whom we can share our lives! And same things go for men too - what with markets flooded with anti-balding treatments and all those fairness creams for men? He too is expected to earn well, be qualified with the most lucrative degree, have a macho figure etc. I often hear young girls asking for well sculpted men as their life partners. SO now the fire has reached even the other side of the society. At a young age he’s expected to offer all the comforts and luxuries when he’s still building his career!Added to all these cages, the worst shackle is the technology. We think human being created technology for comforts but today it has totally backfired on us impacting every aspect of the society. Just look around and see for yourself what have smart phones done to our lives! The downfall that started with the idiot box and further fuelled with the internet has been completed by the smart phones. Phones are getting smarter and humans are getting dumber. I’ve nothing against technology and if used sensibly it can be a great boon. We can now reach the entire world in a split second. Emails have become a passé with the advent of other more powerful and faster means of communication. Often Facebook and twitter has helped in reuniting people or in sending across a useful message. Today I too am saying what I feel thanks to this technology. We can surely not ignore the good things. However, we can’t turn a blind eye to the damage it does to our most profound institutions of marriage, family and society as a whole.  Families are fast disintegrating today as each one is happy to be in his on anda cell created by his Laptop, smart phone, personal TV or a tablet, and is constantly in his world with his headsets on. Cheating in marriages has never been so rampant and easy with the right to privacy. Virtual affairs ruin many marriages as one doesn’t understand that virtual love is bound to appear “perfect” and it’s only when you actually start life together you need to adjust and understand. Recently, a study revealed how social skills are being affected in this generation that spends most of its time in the virtual world. Family time is unheard of with each one immersed in his on virtual world. We forget that though wired from all sides we are not robots but human beings who are bound to need emotions like warmth, love and touch to thrive. The older generation who is not very tech savvy feels the brunt the most. They are mostly treated like a piece of furniture. The youth has no connect with parents leave alone grandparents. In our desire to connect across miles we have been disconnected from our own family.Family outings, dinners and gatherings do happen surprisingly even today but the most time and attention is hogged by these smart phones. Family time has become a joke with each member immersed in one’s cell phone- exchanging messages. Checking face book updates, updating status and so on.The family vacations are more for clicking selfies and check-ins to let the whole world on social media know the exotic place one is heading to. There have been many stand up comedies, what’s app forwards and tongue in cheek cartoons aimed at this but I feel we are quick to ignore these warning bells and laugh it off merely as a humour. So many have lost lives clicking selfies at dangerous spots but we are too slow to understand the implications. Are we really a generation of dimwits and our cell phones smarter than us? Only God save us in such situation…!All pictures Courtesy- https://unsplash.com

How long is 'Long Term' in Equity?
 Manoj Arora  
 16 March 2018  

For someone running the last 100 meters of a 42 Km marathon, one sec can seem to be quite a time. On the other hand, to change a simple habit in your life, a decade may seem quite small. Long Term, therefore, is a relative term in life. But it is not so in equity investments. Whether it is mutual funds or stocks, we can define Long Term quite precisely, clearly and objectively - with logical data points.Let us see how.'Being Dead' as an Investment StrategyFidelity Investments recently conducted a study in the US to find out what kind of investments provided the best returns. The results were startling for anyone who feels is a smart investor. The study revealed that the highest returns were from investors who had completely forgotten about their investment for years, or even decades. A good proportion of these investors who were enjoying amazing returns, had actually died a long time ago. The study, therefore, concluded that the most profitable strategy may be to do exactly what a dead person would do - which is nothing.Why should we define 'Long Term'?A long-term investment is often associated with lesserrisk. We just understood from the above study that the longer the term, the lesser the risk - since volatility is averaged out over a period of time.To augment our statement, just have a look at the last 5 year returns of BSE Sensex:9% , 42% , -9% , 16% & 10%The overall annual returns stand at 13%Now, 13% is a fabulous annual return on your investment - but the variability (volatility) is high. During any short period, you could face poor returns - or even losses (as in Year 3). These poor returns are (over)compensated by a great occasional phase (as in Year 2). As you increase the term, the risk will keep reducing. But how long should we keep increasing the Term of investment? For sure, we do not want to die just trying to get good returns. We want to get the returns and use them too - in this lifespan. Isn't the purpose of an investment to get the returns and use the money as well as the returns arising from it? What use is the money if it just keeps growing and you die of old age? The end purpose of money and investments was always to spend it optimally, so as to facilitate happiness in our life.Therefore, to strike a balance, we must define a Long Term investment tenure where we have a fairly reduced risk and we can also use the investment and the returns for the purpose it was intended to. Thus, we should be able to precisely answer the question, "How long is long-term in Equity?"How does our Law define 'Long Term'?Tax Laws are often quite strange, to say the least. Indian IT Act defines Long Term on equity investments after a period of 1 year (12 months). So, does that mean that any equity investment done for more than a year is a truly long-term and therefore, relatively quite safe?Not really!Ironically, on the other hand, any investment done in debt based funds are considered as long-term from a taxation perspective only if you stay invested for at least 3 years. So, are we saying that debt investments are riskier as compared to equity investments - and therefore need a longer duration to average out the risk? It is actually the reverse. Debt based investments are less volatile and therefore less risky as compared to Equity investments.So, we cannot go by the definition of tax laws to define the right tenure of any Long-Term Investments.Defining 'Long Term' logicallyIf you analyze the data for a typical mutual fund with a multi-decade history over all the possible 1 year periods, you will find that:a) Maximum returns are 160% (best 1-year return ever)b) Minimum returns are -57% (worst 1-year return ever)If you analyze the data for a typical fund with a multi-decade history over all the possible 2 year periods, you will find that:a) Maximum returns are 82% (Annualised best return ever - over 2 years period)b) Minimum returns are -34% (Annualised worst return ever - over 2 years period)If you analyze the data for a typical fund with a multi-decade history over all the possible 3 year periods, you will find that:a) Maximum returns are 63% (Annualised best return ever - over 3 years period)b) Minimum returns are -18% (Annualised worst return ever - over 3 years period)If you analyze the data for a typical fund with a multi-decade history over all the possible 4 year periods, you will find that:a) Maximum returns are 59% (Annualised best return ever - over 4 years period)b) Minimum returns are -8% (Annualised worst return ever - over 4 years period)If you analyze the data for a typical fund with a multi-decade history over all the possible 5 year periods, you will find that:a) Maximum returns are 54% (Annualised best return ever - over 5 years period)b) Minimum returns are 4% (Annualised worst return ever - over 5 years period)This means that the minimum annualized returns you could have made annually if you would have invested in the worst possible fund would have been 4%. Do not go by the dwarf-ness of 4% CAGR. Try and understand the significance of this statement. Here is the crux. There was no feasible way that you could have made any loss in equity market if you would have stayed invested for 5 years - since your returns were going to be between 4% and 54%.Let us just go one step ahead.If you analyze the data for a typical fund with a multi-decade history over all the possible 10 year periods, you will find that:a) Maximum returns are 30% (Annualised best return ever - over 10 years period)b) Minimum returns are 13% (Annualised worst return ever - over 10 years period)Wow !! A worst-case annual returns of 13% !!What else you want equity investments to deliver to you? Of course, that is if you stay invested for 10 years.The above statistics clearly puts the minimum term of investment to be 5 years and the optimum term of investment in equity to be somewhere between 5 and 10 years i.e. 7 years and above. 7+ years is an investment term wherein you get good enough returns with significantly lesser risk.Therefore, in equity investments - long term is not a vague term. It is 7 years+ investment horizon - also validated by 7-year equity cycles.CheersManoj AroraOfficial Website | My Mission

Book Review: Digital Fortress by Dan Brown
 Surender Negi  
 19 March 2018  

Digital Fortress by Dan BrownMy Rating: 3 out of 5NSA Command center (Source: www.nsa.org)[/caption] Mission StatementThe National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) leads the U.S. Government in cryptology that encompasses both Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and Information Assurance (IA) products and services, and enables Computer Network Operations (CNO) in order to gain a decision advantage for the Nation and our allies under all circumstances.  NSA Seal (Source: www.nsa.org)[/caption] National Security Agency ex-employee put this institution under hostage and he chose individual privacy right before national security. NSA has done the great job for United state security which is in the reflection of their tagline for this institution:  Defending our Nation. Securing the Future. NSA has done the great job for United state security which is in the reflection of their tagline for this institution:  Defending our Nation. Securing the Future. Dan Brown novel give the opportunity to glimpse us inside this mega-institutions which work for the cyber-security of United state of America. Irrespective of Dan brown critics, who had given this novel a big thumb down. I think this novel survive my expectation. This cannot be equated with The DaVinci Code, Origin,  Angle, and Demons, The Lost Symbol, Inferno and Deception Point. Susan Fleischer, the young and dynamic cryptographer with his professor boyfriend David Backer had a bad morning. While His boyfriend flew to Spain, she had been called by His boss (Deputy Director of NSA) for resolving some sort of the problem in their office. She had crossed checked the issue with his boss and with great astonishment she learns that NSA has been facing problem for their extension. 2 Billion dollar machine which was created for breaking every code by brutal force technique and had maximum time consume for a code is three hours is unable to break a code for more than 15 hours.This put her as cryptography chief and his boss into a position where they need to break the code. This code can be broke by Pass Key which has only available with The Original code maker or his friend with allies NDKOTHA . Even trying hard luck with this machine Susan and his boss failed to get any luck on this code So, they decided to trace NDKOTHA . The plot of novel run around another side where David (Susan Boyfriend) fail to get Ring of original code breaker (Who has been killed by NSA or Any other party is suspense to Read). From the Spanish Police station to Santa Cruz church, David has to run for the ring without knowing that the people he was speaking silently being terminated by a deaf Killer who works for NSA. Killer only waiting for the opportunity after David get back the ring which has pass-key. Finally, Devid obtains that pass key but within a second he understands that he has been chased by someone. Then start a chase by NSA Killer and Devid.  Spain Sunday Mass[/caption] On the Other side of the world, Things being changed from bad to worst. Susan failed to chase NDKOTHA because her tracer is being aborted by one of his colleagues. But an unfortunate turn of event, her friend is also killed. Things jumped from one mystery to second and at last the national databank come to the risk. Director of NSA involves into this circus. Susan also lost Dupety Director in an accident and chase concentrate into Devid Passkey decipher and the National threat to Databank. What happens next? is an exciting read.Digital Fortress is a technical thriller which creates astonish amazement though its shape and turning plot which can amuse readers. Although, I am impressed by Dan Brown way of writing this novel has done a bit less compared to Robert Langdon series. I can say that David Becker is an early version of Robert Langdon.  Dan Brown (Source: Google Play)[/caption] This fast-paced novel has been increasingly great for me as I turned the page more and more.Happy Reading !!

World Health Day
 Suraj Kumar  
 2 April 2018  

World health dayThe World Health Day is celebrated on 7th of April every year. This day is celebrated for awareness of the global health. The World Health Day is been the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other related organizations.The World Health Organization (WHO) has there theme, slogan and hashtag for their organization are:Theme for World Health Day is: Universal health coverage: everyone, everywhere The slogan is: “Health for All”. The primary hashtag that we are using is : #HealthForAll but look out for posts using #WorldHealthDay as well. The World Health Organization held the First World Health Assembly in the year 1948. The Assembly decided to celebrate 7 April of each year, with effect from 1950 after 2 years, as the World Health Day. World Health Day is acknowledged by various governments and non-governmental organizations with interests in public health issues, who also organize activities and highlight their support in media reports, such as the Global Health Council. The World Health organizes decided a particular theme for the international, regional and local events on this Day. They have the different theme every year related to their aspect. If we talk about the theme of the World Health Day then we have numbers of year passed with the different theme for the world. Every theme is related to securing your health with different problems. We are celebrating World Health Organization since 1948 till now, long 70 years. Recent themes that are been taken for this day they are; in the year 2014 the theme was taken on the disease Vector-borne meaning of this was a small bite, big threat. In the year 2015, the theme was taken Food safety so that people could eat healthy food. In the year 2016, the theme was taken Halt the rise, this was related to beat diabetes. a largely preventable and treatable non-communicable disease that is rapidly increasing in numbers in many countries, most dramatically in low- and middle-income countries. Simple lifestyle measures have been shown to be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes, including maintaining normal body weight, engaging in the regular physical activity, and eating a healthy diet. Diabetes can be controlled and managed to prevent complications through diagnosis, self-management education, and affordable treatment. The WHO estimates about 422 million people in the world have diabetes, with the disease the direct cause of some 1.5 million deaths. The goals of WHD 2016 are scaled up prevention, strengthen care, and enhance surveillance. In the year 2017 the theme was taken Depression: Let's talk because the condition affects people of all ages, from all walks of life, in all countries. It impacts on people’s ability to carry out everyday tasks, with consequences for families, friends, and even communities, workplaces, and health care systems. At worst, depression can lead to self-inflicted injury and suicide. A better understanding of depression – which can be prevented and treated – will help reduce the stigma associated with the illness, and lead to more people seeking help. Talking about the upcoming World Heath Day the theme has been decided is Universal Health Coverage. This topic has been taken so that they could cover all different type of problem of the people. The World Health Organization was founded on the principle that all people should be able to realize their rights to the highest possible level of health.“Health for all” has therefore been our guiding from 70 years. It’s also the impetus behind the current organization wide drive to support countries in moving towards the Universal Health Coverage (UHC). The organization will maintain a high profile focus on (UHC) events through 2018, starting on the World Health Day on 7th of April with global and local conversations about ways to archive health for all.So it has been decided that in this 70th anniversary year, World Health Organization is calling on the world leaders to live up to the pledges they made when they agreed on the Sustainable Development Goals in the year 2015, and commit to concrete steps to advance the health of all people. This means ensuring that everyone, everywhere can access essential quality health services without facing financial hardship. Experience has illustrated, time and again, that Universal Health Coverage is achieved when political will is strong. Throughout 2018, we aim to inspire UHC stakeholders to make commitments towards UHC by highlighting policymakers’ power to transform the health of their nation, framing the challenges as exciting and ambitious, and inviting them to be part of the change.Throughout 2018, we aim to Motivate UHC stakeholders to make commitments towards UHC by sharing examples of how countries are already progressing towards UHC and encourage others to find their own path.Throughout 2018, we aim to Guide UHC stakeholders to make commitments towards UHC by providing tools for structured policy dialogue on how to advance UHC domestically or supporting such efforts in other countries. If we talk about some of the countries have already made significant progress towards universal health coverage. But half of the world’s population is still unable to obtain the health services they need. If countries are to achieve the decided target, then one billion people need more to benefit from UHC by 2023.this is the achievement target year has been decided by the UHC.World Health Day will shine a spotlight on the need for UHC and the advantages it can bring. WHO and its partners will share examples of the steps to take to get there through a series of events and conversations held at multiple levels. As it has been said by the Director General “No one should have to choose between death and financial hardship. No one should have to choose between buying medicine and buying food.”Every people do not know that why this universal health day coverage matters for our countries? It is because the country that invites in UHC marks a sound investment in their human capital. In the recent years, UHC has emerged as a key strategy to make progress towards other health-related and border development goals. Access to essential quality care and financial protection not only enhance people’s health and life expectancy, it also protects countries from epidemics, reduces poverty and the risk of hunger, creates jobs, drives economic growth and enhances gender equality.Do everyone know that why World Health Day is been celebrated? World Health Day celebration focuses on increasing the life expectancy by adding good health to the lives of people and promoting healthier living habits. Youths of the new era are also targeted by this event to prevent and make them healthy to make the world healthy and free from AIDS and HIV.Disease spreading vectors like mosquitoes (malaria, dengue fever, filaria, chikungunya, yellow fever and etc), ticks, bugs, sand flies, snails and etc are also spotlighted by the WHO to make the world free from a wide range of diseases caused by parasites and pathogens. It provides better prevention and cure from the vector-borne diseases spread by vectors and travelers from one country to other. WHO supports various health authorities on global basis to make their own efforts for the public health problems to enhance better life without different diseases.It is generally done for the increase the public awareness of various causes and prevention of high blood pressure. So that they could give knowledge of getting prevented from various diseases and their complications. For encouraging the most vulnerable group of people to frequently check their blood pressure and follow medications from the professionals. The promotion of the self care among people. Motivate are the most important for the worldwide health authorities to make their own efforts in creating the healthy environments in their country. The protections of the families living in the disease vulnerable areas is necessary.We all celebrate World Health Day for our development of the body so that we could live healthy and safe life. So let’s celebrate World Health Day on 7th of April.   

Riots- An analysis of human nature in a Democratic Polity
 Suparna Banerjee  
 3 April 2018  

The Beginning:In the wake of recent riots following the Ram Navami procession in Asansol-Ranigunj in West Bengal, this article is interested to analyse human nature and how does it function in a democratic political culture. The name of Adolf Eichmann is probably known only to a limited circle of people- those affected by his actions and those who studied him later. He was the second in command of the Nazi SS who was part of the team which formulated the policy of Final Solution of the Jews, fled to Argentina after the Second World War,captured by Mossad in May, 1960 , and hanged to death after a trial in Tel Aviv. What is important to know in this chronology of events is that his trial was televised throughout the world to present the extent of atrocities committed by the Nazis (it is however, not to suggest that Israel did not have any hidden agenda of not only gaining sympathy worldwide against the holocaust deniers but also prove its righteousness in putting a man responsible for the death of millions from their own community to trial despite being a nascent nation state which would help them bring their legal authority to the limelight) and that German born American political theorist Hannah Arendt wrote a book based on this trial, Eichmann in Jerusalem: A report on the Banality of Evil to analyse the extent of evil nature of human beings which prompted these people to adopt such horrific methods that led to the extermination of millions of a race from Europe. Putting in perspective- The curious case of West Bengal:Although what is happening in West Bengal following the Ram Navami incident is simply nothing compared to the above-mentioned incident, what is necessary to point out is an analysis of human nature. Bengal has been witness to comparatively lesser riots than northern and central regions of the country, except during the period of the country’s Freedom Movement where riots broke out for example in Noakhali which Mahatma Gandhi himself came to quell. Bengal’s experience of dealing with riots is very less- the last one (post the assassination of Indira Gandhi where the Sikhs were targeted) being successfully quelled by strong hand of Jyoti Basu, the long standing Chief Minister (CM) of Communist Party led West Bengal, preventing any reactions against the Sikh population. The Bengali Bhadrolok class has always taken pride in the fact that they are way above the rest of India class wise, where class does not represent any economy but signify a combination of factors like culture, politics, and social cohesion. This kind of feeling has taken its roots since the time of Bengal renaissance when the society led by some of the well-known Bengali intellectuals and social reformers like Raja Rammohan Roy and Debendranath Tagore ignited a rational thinking among the people (although there are existing views which proclaim that their efforts to modify conservative elements within Hinduism is a step towards making it more acceptable among the populace). We have traversed a long path in History, but we have always loved to bask in the glory of these past achievements and held it very close to our heart. In this long journey we have compromised on our ideals and ideas for petty gains and hence stands no chance of claiming to be on a higher pedestal of moral consciousness. The narratives coming up in the recent communal clashes in Asansol-Raniganj is the same that come up as mud-slinging and blame game following any such similar incidents. The ruling party blames the other, specially the one which has a history of using riot as an instrument to enter the political arena of a geographical space (we have not forgotten Muzaffarnagar yet!), the other accuses the ruling party of allowing the incident to flare up to such an extent by preventing the administration to perform its taskHuman Nature- an analysis:The nature of human as an animal appears to have remain unchanged. The three actors in this case are- BJP’s popular face in Bengal is a Central Minister and earlier voice to many a hit song in Bollywood, Babul Supriyo. CM Mamata Banerjee who has a history of resorting to disruption and chaos in the political culture throughout her rise in the political ladder as an opposition candidate. And finally, the common people who form the significant tool of the implementation of riots as political instruments. All the three actors have their roots in the same society which claims to have nurtured secularism as its core value- so much so that at least the 34 years of communist rule should have been able to nourish a religion-less political thinking. But unfortunately, it failed. It appears everything has gone in vain. Instead of moving towards a more civilised state of nature (at least that’s what Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau would have dreamt of!) we are moving towards a state of animalistic carnal nature of killing one of our own. And here the study of human nature like the one by Arendt attains significance. Human nature is basically animalistic. War, battles, human atrocities, rapes is not something new. It has been going on for generations and has filled the pages of history far too much. What therefore changed were two things- the reasons for the behaviour and the modus operandi of the actions. The basic instinct of performing such acts never left human essence. What Arendt argued was a lack of “thinking” in performing such acts. It always waited for the trigger to manifest its worst nature. With sophistication in our reasoning and societal structure we began our quest for myriad ways of being increasingly animalistic with the sole reason of being powerful over the others. Being powerful allows us to make happen whatever may not otherwise have been within our reach. For our convenience we have given names to these power – some are democratic, some dictatorship while some others are monarchy. But behind all these terminology lies the ever-burning instinct of more power. Democracy is considered to be the best among the worst because it also has its own share of pitfalls and disadvantages like the others but its packaging and marketing by the liberals have been way better than the propagators of the others. What makes such incidents like riots in a democratic polity interesting is, it is the sovereign which was handed the power to rule on behalf of its citizens takes a step backward towards chaos and disorder from where it was duty bound to save the people. Carl Schmitt, the crown jurist of the Nazi era provided an adequate justification in this regard. He claimed it is the sovereign which has the power to decide the cases of ‘exception’ in which it is entitled by the very constitution which binds its action, to take steps to address such scenario. Those exceptional circumstances would facilitate the process of labelling an ‘enemy’ and then follow it up with justification of waging a war against them. Such a logicality was used during the Nazi era to legitimise its actions against the Jews who were made to look responsible for the plight of the Germans post the First World War. The rhetoric in riot like situation is not very different. There is an enemy and there is a saviour. The saviour (Hindus) can legitimise its rule only at the cost of the enemy (the other social groups mainly minorities like Muslims). At the same time, it does not absolve the rulers from its actions or rather (in)action. Following Schmitt, the rulers have misused the legitimacy for its trivial political bargain at the cost of the sovereign who has handed them the power to rule on their behalf.Last but not the least:It is important to think why such incidents happen and how are human beings capable of such atrocities despite claiming it to have travelled the civilisational ladder. The political classification only gives us a convenient way out to explain our deeds- a dictator would directly kill people and in a democracy the ruler would instigate or sit back while people are killing each other. Rather it becomes convenient to perform such acts within a democratic scenario (because accountability comes later) in the absence of the baggage of pre-conceived public opinion against the system. Therefore Democracy, funnily, provides that space where leaders are capable of doing anything until it becomes too little too late. #smblogcontest

English Vinglish - A mania or a Phobia
 Harsha Darji  
 12 April 2018  

"Hindi Medium" ufff !!! this is rarely heard now a days. Ten to Fifteen years back we often heard parents saying that my child is studying in Hindi medium, Gujarati medium, Marathi medium, govt schools etc & they were comfortable enough to accept that their child is pursuing education in their local language. Studying in Mother tongue was consider as pride for the family years back, but now the picture of the entire education system has changed. English has become so mandatory, that the entire education system has being corrupted & has become a business. To seek admission in reputed school has become dreams for many & out of budget for the middle class family. Parents has to pass through high & lows to meet the demands of the luxurious school, coz it has created a mindset that child will not have good career & life if he/she does not study in convent schools or reputed english medium schools. children coming from the lower middle class family pass through mental depression if fees are not paid on time, money not given for extra curriculum activities or any development activities of such convent & luxuries school. Children are being tortured to such an extent that they do not want to go to school. Apart from school even Coaching classes has become business. Parents need to put their children in good coaching class or study center as well, which is equally costly as schools. I still do not understand, if parents are spending huge amount on school education, than why there is need for coaching class ???? The worst part is even after spending huge amount on both, children are still deprived of real education which means practical education instead of theoretical. Students mug up everything & vomit the same during exams, scores good, but forgets what he/she has learnt as years pass by. The govt schools are in such a bad shape, that the govt itself does not want to change their education system & way of learning. The govt schools are meant for poor this is the taboo that we have for it. The education given here is even more poor that students even cannot complain, neither parents can. If govt is funding to run the government school, than standard of education should be followed, the teacher should be monitored & audits should be conducted, so that education of these schools can be up to the mark, & all the schools whether private of govt are on same page. In fact, fees, education quality, all round development of child etc everything should on same page irrespective of private or govt school. Govt should take initiative to control fees hike & should standardize fees structure so that its affordable for parents & can give them a sigh of relief on their children education. Donations should be strictly stopped & legal action must be taken & must cancel the licences of such schools. Even in corporate world people give so much emphasis on communicating in English that good employees who really work up to the mark stay where they are & someone only with good English seeks promotion. Countries like Singapore, China, Hongkong, Macau & many more uses only their local language to communicate & even the software used are also in their local language. I do not think English is only life, yes is good to talk in English, but one should be comfortable in talking in their local language & should not be felt ashamed even if he/she is different in that crowd. I have seen people making fun of those who often make mistake while talking in English or has incorrect accent, grammar, pronunciation etc. Apart from this yes even though studying in English medium we often fear while going for an interview or writing emails, attending presentations, etc coz we fear of being laughed or criticized by others. English has created fear phobia & we often fail & feel helpless in our personal,social & professional life. Sad but Slowly we all have adopted this English speaking culture, etiquette, life style, way of talking & behaving, that we has lost real I, me & Myself in this RACE & have lost being our-self. Let's keep it simple, let it be any medium, but system of education should be same, standard, affordable, acceptable, and must have bright future for our upcoming generation, society & the nation. Language should not become hurdle in personal & professional life. I have just tried to highlight the painful struggles that parents go through for seeking admission in school, colleges, universities etc for their children. The system requires uniformity in laws & transformation to eradicate corruption & business out of our education system. #smblogcontest 

Review of Wheels of Wish
 Megha Biloniya  
 9 June 2018  

Title :Wheels of WishAuthor : Bibhu Datta RoutBlurb : Imprisonment of a couple in the Dwapar Yug and the creation of magnetism at Sun temple in Konark has a great deal of linkage to a missing boy in the 13th century carrying the mightiest power of the universe that transcends in time across generations leading to an alleged rape and murder accusation to the story's protagonist, an investment banker Shashank Chaudhary in 2008 who flies from New York to Odisha to find himself trapped in an 800 years old enigma. A biological allegory that unfolds a historical and mythological mystery that counts back in time as far as the epic Mahabharata. One that surpasses time and the material world with its mathematical calculations within physical elements. Unexplainable evidences, puzzling data, conspiracy theories and unheard secrets intermingle with one another to create plots in the history of time that have been startling scientists and mythologists to date. It's now in the court room that he must face his worst fears and probably the world's greatest held secret, a rare phenomenon of a chromosomal defect, from an unexpected guest.My View : The blurb of the book will definitely fill the curiosity in the reader’s mind. The lovely cover and the title Wheels of Wishes worked completely in grasping my attention making me more curios to unfold the story residing in the book.All the characters are portrayed beautifully; the author very well briefs about the characters at the beginning of the book but still a reader may get confuse as there are numerous characters dwelling in the story. The story is locked with a lot of drama having tints of history and mythology. The way author has painted the details of history is really commendable. Author must have done a lot of research in order to portray such details clearly in his book. Portraying such kind of stories requires knowledge and skills.The tagline on the cover of the book already suggest that the story holds a crime; author has crafted the story very well and the crime revolving around the other events having details of history lands the reader on a different node. The story goes on switching its way from past events to present. The book also contains the hues of love of Shashank and Roohani, murder mystery, rape case and lot more to locate. The writing style is simple which makes the reading journey easy for me. Articulation of the sentences could be much better which will help in attracting the reader’s mind. I found the narration of the story moderate which weakens the links between the reader and the story. Fascinating Read!Rating : 3.5/5Reviewer : Megha Biloniya

Book Review: My Love is Away From Mortality by Vansh Arora
 Ayushi A Nair  
 22 June 2018  

Book Title: My Love Is Away From MortalityAuthor: Vansh AroraFormat: Paper BackTotal Number of Pages:248 pagesLanguage: EnglishPublisher: Kalamos Literary Services LLPPublishing Date: 23 April 2018ISBN-10: 9387780066ISBN-13: 978-9387780064What will you do if the love you nurtured with utmost care walks in to the territory of evilness? Manav, an atypical sleepyhead cares about nothing but his sleep. Life is good for him as long as he is in the premises of his bedroom. Aditi, a pro-level pessimist boasts her proficiency in envisioning worst possible consequences of every situation. After bumping in to each other, the course on which their life was previously treading begins to witness a complete transformation. The tender age pushes them to believe what they shared was more than a mere comradeship. They try to repel the feeling at first, but it intensifies to such an extent that both of them end up getting swallowed by it. However, they must keep an eye out for the lurking danger as there is a person who is on the quest to bereave them of something which will certainly put their and whole world’s fate in jeopardy. How will their destiny unfold?The cover is catchy enough and the reader shall pick the book up just after looking at it once, the blurb as compared to the story gives an apt just of the entire story. The title My Love Is Away From Mortality is apt according to the plot.This is the story of the protagonist Manav Kashyap and Aditi Gupta. Manav is a sleepyhead and a football lover on the other hand Aditi a pessimist and a book worm. Aditi and Manav soon became friends in school. They were intimate in School days, but the distance started growing between them when they took admission in different colleges. Still their hearts always covet for each other all the time. Despite knowing that their world will be meaningless without each other, still their hearts were not convincing enough to confess their love for each other.Will Manav confess his love with Aditi?How will there destiny unfold?To know more what happened next read the book.However, one thing i want Manav to know is that even if something undesirable happens. I will never stop loving him. I am mortal, but my love for him is away from mortality.Words flow smoothly and emotions find expression thus making the book a veritable treat.  Never felt my interest waning. The every scene and all character are well crafted that you can actually get images of them in your mind. Narration of the novel is simple and really nice. The pace is perfect, neither slow nor too fast. It is steady and smooth. Language is perfect, simple yet elegantly written. I did not liked the climax and Salistonia story felt in complete. I wouldn’t say it would be the same when you finish reading it.  Perceptions may differ. You might like the way the story ends. The author has portrayed each and every character with utmost significance of their own and every one of them has done justice to their respective roles throughout the story.An engrossing read that’s capable of keeping the reader on edge till the very end. Looking forward to read more to read more works by the author.Highly Recommended to all book worms.Overall Ratings-4/5 StarsAbout the AuthorVansh is currently pursuing his higher studies. Along with it, he is working on the sequel to “My Love is Away from Mortality”. When not writing, Vansh loves to follow sports or heap up some knowledge about stuff which fails to make into the textbooks. Apart from it, he is a proficient member and a self-proclaimed food tasting officer.Grab Your Copy- Amazon.in Amazon.com Goodreads

The Power of asking WHY?
 Arushi Gupta  
 26 July 2018  

Why indeed?It’s a common question -Why? Kyun? Por Qué ?A three letter word that can mean a lot when used correctly. We face rejections, happiness, success, and disappointments, but do we ever ask ourselves the question why. Think about it, when your boyfriend broke up with you, did you ask Why? When your boss refused you to be the head of some project, even though you had worked hard for it, did you went up to him and asked Why? Or even when the neighbourhood aunty upturned her nose in disgust after seeing you in shorts and coming home late at night, did you stopped her and asked, Why?No, you didn’t. You just turned away and bitched about them being rude, and that you don’t care what they think.But these are some negative scenarios let’s find something positive.When that guy you had been staring at for so many months and he never noticed you, suddenly comes up and asks you out to the coffee, did you ask yourself, Why? When the boss who had refused you the head position for the last project, praises you and makes you go on a foreign project, did you ask Why now?No, you possibly didn’t, because you were happy that these things happened, and most plausibly you wrote them off as they finally realized the truth that you are great.But if you had waited for a moment and actually thought about Why did these things happen, you might have been surprised.Its true, we read many quotes and motivation speeches asking us to stay hungry, to ask questions. But how many of us actually do that? and What questions should we ask? Only one –WHY?To many, it may seem random and weird but it’s not. I learned this trick in one of the turning moments of my life when I think I needed it very much, and that’s why I want to share it with you all. Maybe reading this post can become an eye-opening and turning moment of someone’s life.We often go through life just like that, we live on the periphery and never delve deeper. When we face disappointments and hardships, we consider it a facet or a point in life that would pass. Or when we get some success, we never sit down to actually analyze and think about why it happened, we just consider it our good luck and About Damn time.But it’s not true, nothing happens according to destiny or the clocks of life. We are not mere puppets run by others, the decisions in our life, the various problems or success we face are the result of our own deeds. And we need to realize and analyze it, ask ourselves and others Why? Because when you do that, you analyze the situation you faced or are facing, you get to know the pros and the cons, the good and the bad.The job interview for which you were rejected, if you had asked the interviewer Why? He might have gotten irritated at first or stumped, but it would have made him consider the pros and cons of hiring you, it would have made him analyze you and think, why indeed? The result might have been anything, he may have reanalyzed you and decided you are actually a good fit, or he may have given you the exact reasons of why you were rejected, which would have helped you in future.So asking questions is important, but asking the right questions is more important. And the best question to ask is Why? Because when you ask this question, you can find the best of the worst situation and possibly a solution to it. For a happy situation, it would help you analyze – what you did right to achieve that success and it would act as a booster in future.Lastly, this simple question is what would differentiate you from being a simple homo sapien to being a successful person.And this is a proven fact. If you read any successful person’s biography or listen to their interviews, they always say, that whenever they faced a failure or a rejection, they asked this question to themselves and to the others, and it helped them analyze and realize what was wrong and what they had to do to make it right. That’s all to it.Next time when you face a problem or success, just take a few minutes and ask yourself, Why? It can do wonders for you, and will not help you deal with depression and hopelessness but will lead you to more success and self-fulfilment.

Test cricket: timeless or passé?
 Uday Joshi  
 22 September 2018  

Test cricket!

Can I Do My Assignment All by Myself?
 Amandeep Singh  
 14 October 2018  
Art

Among all the items that obligatory in a very student’s life, assignments the foremost terrible ones. Assignments square measure a vital a part of any educational course and contribute nearly hour to the whole marks or grades. Assignments the flag points of assessing students deserves underneath varied parameters. However, the foremost question that nearly all students raise is ‘how am I able to do my assignment by myself’?With the increasing pressure of studies, students lose their confidence and even raise ‘Can I in any respect do my assignment?’ the solution is affirmative. Of course, you'll forever do your assignment. However there bound necessary things that you just should take into consideration and keep in mind before you opt to proceed with writing your assignment. Creating this assessment is important as this can make sure that you're taking the right discovery which you're not merely trifling.Can I Do My Assignment All on my ownCheck what the point for submission of the assignment is initial. It’s insufferable to write down a treatise on a very single day. therefore if you're thinking that that tomorrow is that the submission date and these days you may sit and write, it's ne'er attainable for sure assignments. Time could be an important issue, and if you opt to try and do your assignment, you need to begin it from day one itself.Procrastination is that the worst factor that students do with their assignments. therefore whether or not you're deciding to try and do the assignment for yourself or raise somebody ‘please write my assignment’, bonk on the terribly initial day, your academician announces it in school. If you opt to try and do it by yourself and it's forever higher to begin straightaway. keep in mind that point is ticking, and therefore the additional you delay, the additional you may get to force yourself into doing the papers.As a chunk of recommendation, doing these assignments starts from your category itself. Surprised? Well, do not be. Here is that the rationalization. All assignments square measure most of the days supported what's tutored within the category. The bottom work of the assignments starts from there, so forever listen in school. This can assist you to know the topic higher that successively helps you to try and do the assignments simply.Even if you are taking assignment help and rent somebody to try and do the papers, even there you wish to convey instruction. Therefore if you are doing not follow the category, you cannot provide those directions which are able to lead to a wrong assignment and poor grades. There’s some way to begin this. Keep a pad of paper and a pen in your bag though being a student you need to forever have it despite something? Text all the major and important lectures of your academician. this can assist you to try and do the assignments with ease. Flip through the pages once you do the papers.The base work of the assignments conjointly includes in knowing the right structure of the assignment. Thus if you're given a case study to try and do, ensure from your academician what the structure is. Your academician also will tell in school what you have got to try and do with the papers and the way you have got to try and do it. Once he says of these directions, write them down rather than rebuke your friends. Also, there's nothing to feel keep concerning instructive your doubts from your professors. Forever bonk to urge your assignments right.This square measure the items that ought to be done before you begin with the assignment. You’ll conjointly term it as a preparation stage. Once that you just square measure finished this stuff, you ought to begin to manage your daily schedule and notice time to devote to writing your assignments. You ought to ne'er procrastinate.This is no major problems that students face these days. With the appearance of the web, social media platform, smartphones etc. students have started defrayal a great deal of your time uselessly rather than utilizing them. Therefore keep from your phone. Say no to social media until you end your assignments. Keep your friends cornered too at now. End your assignment initial. This is often your priority.Time management is totally necessary if you wish to end your assignments on time for submission among date. Get into an everyday routine that you just should provide say two hours day after day to end your assignments. This calculation fully depends on the point, the number of days left and therefore the style of assignment. If the assignment could be an advanced one you wish to convey longer day after day to that. It’s sole dedication towards your studies that may assist you to attain your target.Do not forget the necessary resource known as ‘library’. Create the foremost use of it. These days with the web offered with a swipe ninetieth students have forgotten the library and therefore the precious resource it holds. There square measure several books that aren't nonetheless offered online. Visit the library and skim the books related to your subject. You may notice valuable info and supporting information. Note them down, and conjointly the resource for you may want them later once you create the reference list.Start doing an exploration. Aside from victimization the library conjointly uses the web to collect info and information. You may get to use these as proof betting on the assignments. These also can be your supporting documents also. With these, you have got to gather supporting illustration like diagrams, graphs, tables, charts, etc. because of the paper and therefore the topic needs. Create a note of all the resources that you just have used.Read Here:Essay Writing Tips According to ResearchYou might rise why it's necessary. Any assignment that you just do needs a reference list to be mentioned within the finish. While not a reference list, you assignments are thought of as derived and thus derived. No faculty or university accepts a derived copy. To urge to eliminate this what you have got to try and do is create a reference list. The list can contain all the sources of data that you just have won't create your assignment. Don’t conjointly forget to place in-text citations in your paper. Apprehend what referencing vogue your university accepts and bonk consequently.Collect each material that you just want before you finally sit to write down the copy. You’ll conjointly check for examples over the web of the assignment that you just do. From there you may get a great deal of plan concerning however you'll do the paper simply. The web is of nice use. Solely you wish to create a decent unitization of it. Once all the fabric is in your hands, it's the time that you just sit with the foremost necessary work, i.e. writing the paper.The place wherever you sit to write down your assignment is additionally necessary. It ought to be ethereal and free from all disturbances. It’s conjointly necessary that you just take enough rest once you square measure engaged on your paper. If you perpetually take an excessive amount of pressure in doing the paper, you may be additionally tired, and therefore the papers can get it wrong. Thus you need to forever have a contemporary mind once you sit to write down your paper. Don’t simply return from your university and sit to write down. Shower yourself, have one thing, take some rest so proceed.Keep all tools handy. If you arise too, again and again, you may be distracted. And once you're distracted you may notice it troublesome to bring back that concentration. Also, see that the place you're sitting is comfy. It’s suggested that you just refrain from victimization your bed. Instead, use a table and a chair to sit down on and write the papers. Moreover, don't simply unendingly carry on writing. Provide very little gaps in between. Throughout this point, you'll drink water and revise what you have got written antecedently. Revision is important. It helps you to correct mistakes.Writing could be a task that desires utmost care. You cannot simply merely get it wrong whereas writing. Keep in mind that your assignment is hierarchical. so once you write watch out to use solely skilled language and therefore the correct terminologies. Use solely the required words to precise your ideas and therefore the content. Continue the word count that's needed. Further word count can ne'er offer you further grades.Now that you just even have the paper structure in your hands create the suitable headings and subheadings. Prepare content consequently. Maintain logic forever and keep in mind that your assignment should have a whole and one which means. You cannot simply begin with one plan and finish with another plan. The assignment should contain one single plan. Create a draft initially. Prepare everything and bear it. Once you revise, you may see that there square measure a lot of mistakes that may surface. Correct them and create the required changes. You may conjointly see that the content to desires revision. Create the second draft and revise that too. Keep editing until you get what you wish.Now that you just have revised and therefore the draft is prepared to create the ultimate copy. Provide all the sections that square measure needed sort of a table of contents, acknowledgments, reference list, appendices etc. The sections are as per the paper demand. Therefore forever confine mind what assignment you're doing and what are its requirements.Make a listing of all the items that square measure related to the assignments. A piece of writing and proofreading square measure very necessary as your faculty or university solely accepts an unflawed paper. Check for plagiarism also because it could be a terribly serious offense if your university finds your copy is. Check all the items that you just have done, and people that you just haven't been seen. Do them and make sure that your copy could be a good one.Feedback on your paper is important. Create your friend or any of your famous individuals browse that. Raise them if they need to be understood what you have got written. Their valuable feed can allow you to apprehend if your paper has stood up to its mark. If the feedback comes negative, raise them what they found that they need not understand. Create corrections consequently.In conclusion, it may be same that you just will forever write your assignment if you actually strive. Their square measure forever ways that too suggests that to seek out an answer to all or any issues. Writing assignments can be an arduous task, however, that doesn't mean that you just cannot bonk. With correct steering and a can to try and do it, success is in your hands. Currently moving forward to write down your own assignment. Create it some extent to convey your full dedication to the method and believe yourself. You may forever reach your target.Finding it extremely feverish to manage your everyday schedule and notice the time? Giving your best however still cannot manage to try and do your assignment? Forget your worries with NeedAssignmenthelp.com at your facetWith NeedAssignmenthelp.com doing all of your assignments, you wish not take any worries concerning writing your assignments. Simply send the request to the United States with all of your necessities, and that we can see that it's met.NeedAssignmenthelp.com has conscientiously chosen consultants to compose the papers. We have a tendency to solely assign those consultants that match your demand for the assignment and therefore the subject. They old and have distinctive ideas to construct your paper. We have a tendency to guarantee you that every one paper square measure original and authentic.So choose your phone and dial our numbers. Get instantly connected to our exceptionally trained client care executives. Solve all of your queries and order your paper instantly. Time is precious therefore simply don't let it fly away.We ever cater to emergency orders. If you have got a submission tomorrow and forgot to write down your paper, contact Australia straight away. We have a tendency to provide high priority to emergency requests and send the papers among few hours. Therefore don't wait any longer. Also, why wait any longer once you will save a great deal of your time and find your assignment papers sitting back within the comfort of your home.Read Here: Why is Homework Important to Children, Parents, and School Teachers?

“The Importance and relevance of National Festivals”
 PRAGATI Bhattad  
 4 November 2018  
Art

Importance:How oxygen,food & water are essential for our survival same way celebration of national festival is essential for our existance in this world. It fulfill us with patriotism whichbring along a spirit of love and devotion for the country also National Festival strengthen the social relations and communications which leads to unity among people and also bring us more closer to our nation which is helpful in promoting the national harmony. Independence Day, 15th August celebration is a way to remind the people about our hard earned freedom and that we must respect and value it more. It inspires people to stay united and serve the country in every possible way. It is a day to celebrate the true spirit of freedom.  It is of great importance to all the Indian citizens, thus everyone actively participates in the national festival celebration every year. Independence Day reminds us of the heroic deeds of our leaders and freedom fighters who helped us attain freedom. This is  the main reason why we celebrate our national festivals with pride and love for our country. If our brave freedom fighters would not have been sacrificed we would not have even been able to breathe freely in our country. Forget about the national festival celebration  our revered religious festivals would also not have been possible. On this day : India celebrates three National Festivals – Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti. We the citizens of India celebrate these festivals with full fervour. For India, 15 August is a golden day of her re-birth, a new start. At the midnight of 15 August 1947, the British rulers handed the country back to its Indian leaders, ending a remarkable 200 years old struggle and India became a sovereign nation. Independence Day is celebrated by every citizen of India irrespective of caste, creed and religion.The Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian National Flag from Red Fort every year. This is followed by 21 gun shots to salute and honour the Indian flag and solemn occasion. The Prime Minister then addresses the citizens of the country. Numerous events are organized in various places throughout the country in entire atmosphere is infused with love and devotion for the country.  Many educational institutes also organize kite flying competitions which is also a way of expressing the  freedom.    We honour these noble souls by singing songs and poems in their praise. It is a great site to see little children dressed up as various freedom fighters on this day. In short, every person in the country revels in the nationalistic pride.Several cities in the United States have declared 15 August as 'India Day'.Relevance :In present scenario it is very much relevent because it reminds us and repicturise the secrifices of our freedom fighters which inspire us to maintain our freedom and do our best for our motherland . Patriotism doesn’t require a special date or occasion to express itself. The only thing needed is that we should have immense amount of love and respect for our country. We should not confined patriotism to these selected days only and national festival celebration doesn’t only mean flag hoisting, singing our national anthem and participating in competition on subjects of nationality but it will be worth celebrating if practically we take care of everything like plantation,garbage cleaning, recycling,rejuvenating our mother rivers ,protecting our forests , providing healthy and encouraging environment to growing children, respecting our elders, maximum utilisation of renewable energy resources.If through out the year we do all these definitely we will feel proud while flag hoisting and that will be real tribute to our revered freedom fighters. During our freedom fighter’s time Britishers were our biggest and worst enemy but in today’s scenario corruption,poverty, environment problems and many more big issues are our worst enemies which we have to eradicate. When we remember our national heroes, their working policies it guides us in dealing present crisis.So it is very much relevant to celebrate our national festivals because it invokes the feeling of patriotism in the people of our country and inspire them to become soldier. Our heroes ideology leads us  on every step and inspire us to work towards its betterment and development and also gives  a sense of belonging and a responsibility towards our country. Many questions arise in our citizens mind like- Has India’s growth happened in real sense? India is independent in manufacturing and producing many technical and industrial goods. We can take pride in the space technology and development in this field. But growth of any country is this all about? all these growth  matter less until all the problems related to humanity is solved in real sense. Like this question arise in every citizen’s mind and live example of this is mushrooming NGOs in india which are crusaders of humanity. To encourage them and motivate them several awards are there for such crusader in  India. Do we really love our country? If it would have been true our news papers would not have been filled more than 50% with demotivating news. Whenever we celebrate independence day this question arise in every citizen’s mind and force them to do conscious efforts towards positive growth of our beloved country.Celebrating independence day don’t allow us to divert from our right path but encourage us to take up new resolution every year  for our motheland’s real growth. I feel proud to be Indian because our country has taught us that the meaning of life is not only to live but live with dignity, respect others rights and understand own duties and responsibilities.                                        JAI HIND !

StoryMirror in conversation with author Nupur Chowdhury
 StoryMirror Feed  
 5 March 2019  
Art

Please give details about your initial education and forming years of life.I was raised in Patna for the first eight years of my life, after which my family moved to Kolkata. I completed my schooling from Garden High School, Kolkata, and later studied English Literature at Lady Brabourne College under Calcutta University. Finally, I received a Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism from the Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC). Most of my childhood memories consist of my grandfather reading me stories, which sowed the first seeds of my obsession with storytelling and all things literary.How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write? Everything that happened in my life served as inspiration at one point or another, as well as the stories of other people whom I met or read about. I have also always been inspired by movies and TV shows, and routinely get obsessed with characters, whom I then proceed to write about and reinterpret in my own stories and poems.I guess my interest in literature was first born partly because of my grandfather, who would read stories to me every afternoon before we took a nap. That made me curious about storytelling, because I wanted to learn more about the characters and the world, even after the story was over. It was a mixed blessing, really, because I spent most of my student life hiding novels under my textbooks and almost flunking several exams as a consequence.What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work? Anything worth doing is hard to do, you know? The more you care about what you're doing, the more difficult it is, because you worry about the smallest mistakes and want the final product to be perfect. You also worry about what other people will think, whether or not reviewers and readers would like it, whether something might be misinterpreted, etc. But that's a good thing, really, because it wouldn't matter so much if you didn't love the work. The fact that it's difficult only proves that you're constantly trying to get better. When it stops being a challenge, that's when you need to start worrying.What is your view about the present day literary work? I think we're living in one of the best times in the history of humanity, in terms of literature, or artistic work of any kind. The variety and scope of opportunities that modern writers have is absolutely unprecedented. Earlier, in order to find an audience, you had to find a publisher who'd agree to invest in you, you had to then write in a way that would appeal to the largest section of people possible, to ensure that your publisher made a profit. Or you had to be insanely rich in order to opt for vanity publication, which was very expensive.Now, in various corners of the Internet, you can find all types of literary work – from fanfiction to poetry, novels to flash fiction, there is a place for everything. And all you need to access it is a smartphone and a data plan. And for the most part, you don't really have to worry about being censored or redacted. Writers have never been more free to experiment, try out new things, and have their voice be heard by people around the world.Do you think that the emergence of digital and social media has given a new opportunity to creative writers? Absolutely. I think that the Internet is the best invention since the printing press for writers and creatives in general.Please tell us something about your literary work. I write across mediums and genres. So far, I've written two and a half novels, more than fifty poems, numerous articles, four short stories, and two fanfiction stories. Really, it depends on the type of emotion I'm trying to convey at that point. Almost everything I've ever written can be found on my blog. Well, apart from the novels. Those can be found on Amazon and also on Wattpad.What was your first literary work and how was it published? Well, I suppose my first officially published work was my novel, The Classroom Effect. It was published via Amazon's Kindle Direct Publishing program around 2015.How many ways literature can contribute to society in future? In the same way that it has contributed in the past, by keeping a record of the times so that future generations can learn from our mistakes, and the present generation can reflect on the realities of the world while at the same time being entertained.Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world? Writing more stories, spinning better yarns? I don't know, really. As long as I can keep writing things that interest and excite me, I'd be happy!What ways would you suggest to build a community for poets? The best way for creative people to build communities, I think, is by freely sharing their works with those who might enjoy them. You can't connect with people if they don't know you exist. And sharing has never been as easy as it is now, with the Internet. So I think poets and writers in general should take advantage of this opportunity, and share as widely and as freely as possible.What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers? Well, I'm pretty new at this myself, and I do aspire. So I'm still in the process of figuring it all out myself. If there's one thing that I have learned, though, it's that in order to do any creative work, you absolutely HAVE to give yourself the freedom to fail. You have to allow yourself to do your absolute worst work, because that's the only way to learn and get better. There's really no way around being a novice. You can't reach grade 3 without going through grades 1 and 2. If you try for perfection from the very beginning (which is what I did initially) you'll just keep disappointing yourself and never get anything done. The desire for perfection is the birthplace of writer's block.How was your experience of writing on Storymirror? It has been wonderful so far! I've read some fantastic poetry on this site and had a lot of fun sharing my own work with this lovely community!Would you like to say something about Storymirror? I think Storymirror is a fantastic platform for young writers and poets to share their work and find a community of other creative individuals. I have been on many online writing forums and websites, but this is the first time I have come across such a platform based primarily around Indian writing. We have long needed such a platform, and therefore, I think it's an amazing initiative that all budding Indian writers and literature lovers should participate in wholeheartedly!Here is the link to read my content https://storymirror.com/profile/vkzhvfka/nupur-chowdhury/poems

StoryMirror in conversation with author Priya Singh
 Pooja Sen  
 7 March 2019  
Art

Q:Please give details about your initial education and forming years of life. • I have always been the travel kid. So, my education has always been for like three or four years at some place and other three or four years at other places. I spent my nursery education till 4th grade in my village in U.P. after that I started my 5th grade from Kanpur and studied there till 7th grade and then I moved to Ballia and studied there from 8th grade to 10th. then again, I moved here in Odisha and currently doing my (10+2) in Bhubaneswar. This is my second year. Examination have been started, today was my first exam. Hope everything goes well. Q: How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write?   *  I don't know exactly what inspired me to start writing. At that time when I was in Kanpur, I was in 7th grade, a kid’s magazine named "KIDZ HERALD" used to get published. In that magazine a column would contain the written works of kids when I saw that column, I too wanted to publish but I didn't have any written poem or anything of that type. So I, at that time developed a feeling to write. I would copy along the lines of poems given in my books and try to write a poem or write whatever I used to watch on the television, though I never published one in any magazine. I just used to write from then on. It was in the previous year that is 2018 when I started writing on your site.Q: What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work? • Scary thoughts, they sometimes make me question that if the course of writing I am considering is good for me or not. Due to this most my stories are still left incomplete. whenever I start writing anything, I get thoughts like will people love my writing? will they like it? would people hate me? I write worst. I can’t write well and many other negative thoughts like this which sometimes makes me stop writing.Q: What is your view about the present-day literary work?  *  I think the present literary work covers a wide aspects within it because today we can write about politics or religions and put our opinions freely without having to suffer through any punishment. years ago writing was censured by religion branches like church or the king and if books were found against them, they used to punish the writer or sent them to exile. but now we are free to write our opinions in our book. the book " Accidental Prime Minister” is a great example.Q: Do you think that the emergence of digital and social media has given a new opportunity to creative writers? • Yes I do think that emergence of social media has given us writers a new opportunity as  before, we used to write at home and we only  had options to publish our work in Magazines or go to publisher which needed a lot of paperwork. But now it's different, we with the help of free writing  social sites, we can easily just open the app and write whatever we want and also be secured of our literary work to be not stolen by anyone. Also we can get a huge number of readers and their reviews. Q: Please tell us something about your literary work. *  I mostly write poems  in free style cause you know I am very week at following rules. Right now I am also  trying my hands out at Haiku and flash fiction.          Also I am interested in science fiction and was currently writing one, but due to my exams I have taken a total break from literature as a whole.Q: What was your first literary work and how was it published? •  As I have already told before I first started writing what I saw on Television. Like If I used to watch a movie, I used to write it in paper whatever I saw.  So, my first literary work was, I wrote a T. V.  serial which I daily used to watch, and I never published it cause you know copyrights. If you are Talking about first literary work to get published, the it is one of my poem in your Anthology book. Q: How many ways literature can contribute to society in future?• Literature can have a very powerful impact on people reading it in many ways. It can help fight social issues and bring social Change worldwide not only in future but also in present too. we all know that " A pen is mightier than sword".Q: Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world?• I want too see myself in the category of Best seller writers. Hope God listens to my wish and I keep doing my  hard work.Q: What ways would you suggest to build a community for poets?•  According to me the ways to build community for poets are:-     1. Keeping it local:-Some of the communities which are tightly knit is not just because they share each other's opinion or respect each other ideas or the forms of writing but also because  they know each other by face. I think it will be better to form local poet group from a region where they meet each  once in a week.   2. This is very important point mostly I have seen communities focuses on a particular prose or a form of writing. In such a big community you can't expect everyone to write in same form or style. There are many forms like flash fiction, Haiku ,Tanka etc....Q: What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers? • on the basis of of my writing experience. I have always got the fears like will people read my work? Will people like my work? Or thoughts like I write worst (as I already mentioned above) haunts me and makes me hopeless and search for inspiration here and there. So in this regard I want to say look for inspiration inside you. The best inspiration is the self-inspiration. Don’t let these fears hinder your path of writing and if they ever come and haunt just tell them "I know I write best and of course people will read and love my writings." Shoo away your fears, scold them and get to writing.Q: How was your experience of writing on StoryMirror? • Story mirror has been a great platform to support me in this writing job.  Before joining this site I used to write once in week and sometimes weeks ended and I don't used to write don't  get time to write but  then I joined story mirror's 52 weeks  writing challenge, which inspired me to write every weekday and it made me into habit of writing but as of now I am mostly inactive because of my exams, once  they finish I will be back. And I will appreciate and also look for competitions like 30 days writing challenge on this platform which will inspire writers like me to get into the habit of writing daily.Q: Would you like to say something about StoryMirror? • All and all I had a great experience of writing here on this platform. I really appreciate the covers you edit and design and all the hard work you do to keep supporting writers like us to write more and more. I will always be great full to the StoryMirror and it's team to build a writer, an improved writer in me. Here is a link a  to read my content https://storymirror.com/profile/57wiybay/priya-singh/stories

StoryMirror in conversation with author Priya Singh
 StoryMirror Feed  
 7 March 2019  
Art

Q:Please give details about your initial education and forming years of life. • I have always been the travel kid. So, my education has always been for like three or four years at some place and other three or four years at other places. I spent my nursery education till 4th grade in my village in U.P. after that I started my 5th grade from Kanpur and studied there till 7th grade and then I moved to Ballia and studied there from 8th grade to 10th. then again, I moved here in Odisha and currently doing my (10+2) in Bhubaneswar. This is my second year. Examination have been started, today was my first exam. Hope everything goes well. Q: How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write?   *  I don't know exactly what inspired me to start writing. At that time when I was in Kanpur, I was in 7th grade, a kid’s magazine named "KIDZ HERALD" used to get published. In that magazine a column would contain the written works of kids when I saw that column, I too wanted to publish but I didn't have any written poem or anything of that type. So I, at that time developed a feeling to write. I would copy along the lines of poems given in my books and try to write a poem or write whatever I used to watch on the television, though I never published one in any magazine. I just used to write from then on. It was in the previous year that is 2018 when I started writing on your site.Q: What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work? • Scary thoughts, they sometimes make me question that if the course of writing I am considering is good for me or not. Due to this most my stories are still left incomplete. whenever I start writing anything, I get thoughts like will people love my writing? will they like it? would people hate me? I write worst. I can’t write well and many other negative thoughts like this which sometimes makes me stop writing.Q: What is your view about the present-day literary work?  *  I think the present literary work covers a wide aspects within it because today we can write about politics or religions and put our opinions freely without having to suffer through any punishment. years ago writing was censured by religion branches like church or the king and if books were found against them, they used to punish the writer or sent them to exile. but now we are free to write our opinions in our book. the book " Accidental Prime Minister” is a great example.Q: Do you think that the emergence of digital and social media has given a new opportunity to creative writers? • Yes I do think that emergence of social media has given us writers a new opportunity as  before, we used to write at home and we only  had options to publish our work in Magazines or go to publisher which needed a lot of paperwork. But now it's different, we with the help of free writing  social sites, we can easily just open the app and write whatever we want and also be secured of our literary work to be not stolen by anyone. Also we can get a huge number of readers and their reviews. Q: Please tell us something about your literary work. *  I mostly write poems  in free style cause you know I am very week at following rules. Right now I am also  trying my hands out at Haiku and flash fiction.          Also I am interested in science fiction and was currently writing one, but due to my exams I have taken a total break from literature as a whole.Q: What was your first literary work and how was it published? •  As I have already told before I first started writing what I saw on Television. Like If I used to watch a movie, I used to write it in paper whatever I saw.  So, my first literary work was, I wrote a T. V.  serial which I daily used to watch, and I never published it cause you know copyrights. If you are Talking about first literary work to get published, the it is one of my poem in your Anthology book. Q: How many ways literature can contribute to society in future?• Literature can have a very powerful impact on people reading it in many ways. It can help fight social issues and bring social Change worldwide not only in future but also in present too. we all know that " A pen is mightier than sword".Q: Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world?• I want too see myself in the category of Best seller writers. Hope God listens to my wish and I keep doing my  hard work.Q: What ways would you suggest to build a community for poets?•  According to me the ways to build community for poets are:-     1. Keeping it local:-Some of the communities which are tightly knit is not just because they share each other's opinion or respect each other ideas or the forms of writing but also because  they know each other by face. I think it will be better to form local poet group from a region where they meet each  once in a week.   2. This is very important point mostly I have seen communities focuses on a particular prose or a form of writing. In such a big community you can't expect everyone to write in same form or style. There are many forms like flash fiction, Haiku ,Tanka etc....Q: What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers? • on the basis of of my writing experience. I have always got the fears like will people read my work? Will people like my work? Or thoughts like I write worst (as I already mentioned above) haunts me and makes me hopeless and search for inspiration here and there. So in this regard I want to say look for inspiration inside you. The best inspiration is the self-inspiration. Don’t let these fears hinder your path of writing and if they ever come and haunt just tell them "I know I write best and of course people will read and love my writings." Shoo away your fears, scold them and get to writing.Q: How was your experience of writing on StoryMirror? • Story mirror has been a great platform to support me in this writing job.  Before joining this site I used to write once in week and sometimes weeks ended and I don't used to write don't  get time to write but  then I joined story mirror's 52 weeks  writing challenge, which inspired me to write every weekday and it made me into habit of writing but as of now I am mostly inactive because of my exams, once  they finish I will be back. And I will appreciate and also look for competitions like 30 days writing challenge on this platform which will inspire writers like me to get into the habit of writing daily.Q: Would you like to say something about StoryMirror? • All and all I had a great experience of writing here on this platform. I really appreciate the covers you edit and design and all the hard work you do to keep supporting writers like us to write more and more. I will always be great full to the StoryMirror and it's team to build a writer, an improved writer in me. Here is the link to read my content https://storymirror.com/profile/57wiybay/priya-singh/stories 

Marital rape
 Rajabala Tripathy  
 1 April 2019  

**Marital Rape**it refers to unwanted intercourse by a man with his wife obtained by force, threat of force, or physical violence, or when she is unable to give consent. It is a non-consensual act of violent perversion by a husband against the wife where she is physically and sexually abused. Approximations have quoted that every 6 hours; a young married woman is burnt or beaten to death, or driven to suicide from emotional abuse by her husband. The UN Population Fund states that more than 2/3rds of married women in India, aged between 15 to 49 have been beaten, raped or forced to provide sex. In 2005, 6787 cases were recorded of women murdered by their husbands or their husbands’ families. 56% of Indian women believed occasional wife-beating to be justified.While marital rape gets documented in hospitals, cases are rarely registered, since it is excluded from the India Penal Code’s (IPC) definition of rape, says an analysis by Dilaasa, a counselling centre based out of K.B. Bhabha Hospital in Bandra. “Very rarely do patients tell us about marital rape. In a few cases, we see injuries and probe them. They are not aware this is wrong There is a pattern to the silence: women stay quiet about the assault when young, but are willing to report it at a later stage.’In the present day, studies indicate that between 10 and 14% of married women are raped by their husbands. Sexual assault by one’s spouse accounts for approximately 25% of rapes committed. Of the 664 cases, 159 cases were marital rape in 2015 at NGO Sneha’s crisis counselling centre in Dharavi. At Sneha’s counselling centres at KEM and Sion hospitals, of 218 cases of domestic violence received in 2015, 64 women said they had faced marital rape. Dilaasa analysed 13 cases of sexual violence from the emergency rooms of two of Mumbai’s public hospitals, Rajawadi in Ghatkopar, and Bhabha between 2011 and 2014 and found that only in five instances did the police register a case, mostly under Section 498 (A) (domestic violence), or the contentious Section 377 (unnatural offences). Dilaasa’s domestic violence data shows 60% married women report sexual violence, forced sex being its most common form. Dilaasa notes, “In almost all the cases, the police delay the collection of medical evidence from these hospitals and also do not wish to record an FIR. Union Minister Maneka Gandhi said that even if there was a law against marital rape, women won’t report it. According to the latest National Health and Family Survey (NFHS-4) for 2015-16, 5.4% women have experienced marital rape, under this category. But while the data on marital rape in India exists, marital rape as a crime, “does not exist”. And yet 5.4% of married Indian women say they have experienced marital rape. The figure recorded by NFHS-3 for 2005-6 was 9.5%. Sexual violence of course gets progressively worse if the husband is an alcoholic – 66% of married women experienced physical or sexual violence when “husband gets drunk often”. But only 10% of married victims of sexual violence seek help.The situation is worst in Manipur, 55% of married Manipuri women have been victims to these kinds of violence. Sikkim has the lowest number of victims at 3.5%. The National Health and Family Survey records both sexual and non sexual violence. The survey has looked at married women in the age group of 15-49. The highest form of non-sexual violence comes from men slapping women – 25% of women surveyed said they have been slapped. In all, 12% of married women said they have been pushed, shaken and have had things thrown at them. 10% said the husbands have pulled their arms or hair. Another 7.5% said they have been punched with fists or objects and 7% said they have been kicked, dragged and beaten up. More so, 1.5% said they have been choked or burnt and 0.8% said they have been threatened or attacked with guns, knives and other weapons.👉Marital rape may be broadly classified into following two categories:1.Sexual coercion by non-physical means– this form of coercion involves social coercion in which the wife is compelled to enter into sexual intercourse by reminding her of her duties as a wife. This form of coercion entails applying non-physical techniques and tactics like verbal pressure  like include making false promises, threatening to end the marital relationship, lies, not conforming to the victim’s protests to stop, etc.2. Forced sex– this involves the use of physical force to enter into sexual intercourse with an unwilling woman. It can be further classified into the following three categories:i. Battering Rape- this form of marital rape involves the use of aggression and force against the wife. The women are either battered during the sexual act itself or face a violent aggression after the coerced sexual intercourse. The beating may also occur before the sexual assault so as to compel her into sexual intercourse.ii. Force Only Rape- in this form of rape, the husband does not necessarily batter the wife, but uses as much force as is necessary to enter into sexual intercourse with the unwilling wife.iii. Obsessive Rape- this form of rape involves the use of force in sexual assault compiled with perverse acts against the wife. It involves a kind of sexual sadistic pleasure enjoyed by the husband.👉*Marital rape is illegal in 18 American States, 3 Australian States, New Zealand, Canada, Israel, France, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Soviet Union, Poland and Czechoslovakia. In India, a marriage is a bond of trust and that of affection. A husband exercising sexual superiority, by getting it on demand and through any means possible, is not part of the institution. Legislators use results of research studies as an excuse against making marital rape an offence, which indicates that many survivors of marital rape, report flash back, sexual dysfunction, emotional pain, even years out of the violence and worse, they sometimes continue living with the abuser. For these reasons, even the latest report of the Law Commission has preferred to adhere to its earlier opinion of non-recognition of “rape within the bonds of marriage” as such a provision may amount top excessive interference wit the marital relationship. Rape in any form is an act of utter humiliation, degradation and violation rather than an outdated concept of penile/vaginal penetration. Restricting an understanding of rape reaffirms the view that rapists treat rape as sex and not violence and hence, condone such behavior in India. The importance of consent for every individual decision cannot be over emphasized. A woman can protect her right to life and liberty, but not her body, within her marriage, which is just ironical. Women so far have had recourse only to section 498-A of the IPC, dealing with cruelty, to protect themselves against “perverse sexual conduct by the husband”. But, where is the standard of measure or interpretation for the courts, of ‘perversion’ or ‘unnatural’, the definitions within intimate spousal relations? Is excessive demand for sex perverse? Isn’t consent a sine qua non? Is marriage a license to rape? There is no answer, because the judiciary and the legislature have been silent.👉*India’s parliamentarians just could not find it in them to treat married and unmarried women equally, on matters of rape. “Married women only have the option of using section 498A of the Indian Penal Code, which lays down provisions on cruelty, if they need to allege sexual violence against their husbands,” says Kavita Krishnan, secretary of the All India Progressive Women’s Association.And although Section 377 is known as the law which prohibits “gay sex,” it in fact prohibits “unnatural sex,” an act which can take place between straight people as well. “Sometimes women have used Section 377 if they want to press charges of rape against their husbands,” says Krishnan.Section 375, the provision of rape in the Indian Penal Code (IPC), has echoing very archaic sentiments, mentioned as its exception clause- “Sexual intercourse by  man with his own wife, the wife not being under 15 years of age, is not rape.” Criminal charges of sexual assault may be triggered by other acts, which may include genital contact with the mouth or anus or the insertion of objects into the vagina or the anus, all without the consent of the victim. It is a conscious process of intimidation and assertion of the superiority of men over women.👉*There are many reasons such as husband believe in the superiority of men over women; some domestic issues, demand of women for her right in a marital relationship etc. Therefore, the main reason of this marital menace is a wide spread of gender inequality prevailing in our society. The male-dominated system of social norms where woman whether married or unmarried does not have the equal rights in any which way. It is the biggest weapon in hands of man to exploit the women. The role of traditionally assigned to married women in the society. Indian married women are considered as pativratastri means pure, faithful and obliging women. Thus married women have to follow her husband and fulfil all his requirements. The sexual relationship has been considered as an important part of the marriage, it is a woman’s duty towards her husband and she is not supposed to deny that to him. Her rile must be of submission and surrender. Economic dependence on her husband and in-laws is the reason that married women are unable to protect her from frequent practice of marital rape and she is forced to bear it. There must be strict laws for marital rape and the government should make some rules to reduce this problem.Rajabala

Bhagavad Gita Verse 1.9
 Dhwani Shah  
 28 May 2019  

Libration - In Gita Verse 1.9 There are many other heroes who are prepared to lay down their lives for my sake. All of them are well equipped with different kinds of weapons, and all are experienced in military science.These words of Duryodhana implies that all the brave people who had joined his army would lay down their lives for him. Means they will follow his orders. This is going from bad to worst. He indirectly conveyed to Dronacharya that no one would follow his instructions. They all are under my control. With this message he created an environment of demotivation for his commander.On the other side Pandavas commander Dhrishtadyumna was allowed to decide and take the required action to lead the army. It doesn’t mean Dhrishtadyumna was not considering and reporting to Yudhisthira. But he was given the freedom to take a decision after viewing everything and taking action.Duryodhana also proclaimed his power by saying that all of them were well equipped with different types of weapons, and all were experienced in military science, and would use the same as per my permission. This unspoken word that they would be used as per my permission. As he mentioned that they will lay their life for me, in that he conveyed that whatever I will say they will follow me.In any military unit all the soldiers would wait for their commander to give order but once they are in the battle field they have freedom to use their weapons. If weapons are in their hand and they have to use only with commanders order they cannot fight. Even the most sophisticated weapons will become useless if they are not used timely.Pandava also had very rare weapons but they knew when and in what conditions they could use those weapons. They were not proclaiming regarding their weapons. They were not decisive regarding their weapons. It was just their resources and as the circumstances demanded they would use it. They simply knew as the situation demands they had to use the weapons. They were planning their resources and its outcome. If the desired outcome is not achieved then immediately their planning needs to be changed. For them the war is not the exhibition of their power. For them the war is present moments circumstances, in that circumstances they also had lot of physical, mental and emotional pressure. But because their entire focus was in the present moment, they could connect to their subjectivity and not get stuck with their physical, mental and emotional pressure.Become more sensitive:The world is full of music, melody, harmony, ecstasy. If you become natural, you will fall in tune with it. If you become spontaneous, you will become sensitive and responsive to it. If you become aware, you will be able to hear it.Godliness is all around – only that you are not sensitive enough to feel it. Godliness is within and without – you just have to shake yourself and come to your senses. You are in your head too much. Come down to your senses, become more sensitive.When you become more sensitive, you are bridged with reality. You start dancing with reality, you start singing with reality; a great benediction arises in you. And only then can you say a thank you to existence, never before it. Only then do you feel how grateful you are, how much has been given to you, and you have not even appreciated it.Once you are connected with your subjectivity you will become sensitive and aware not unconscious.All of us know how mother cares for the child. Even if she is angry, her anger is from love. Universe gives us all the circumstances odd or favourable it’s from it’s compassion. When you are connected with your subjectivity all your act will be from the connection to the Universe. For your assignment which universe has given to you, if you have to fight and use any kind of weapon you will be using it but not for gaining any power. In the process you will liberate yourself and other person from many things.Now taking example of Pandavas, as they were all the time focusing on what resources they have and how to manage them, they connected themselves with their subjectivity. After Krishna also tried to avoid the war which he found cannot be avoided. So for Pandavas present moments assignment was to fight the war but without enmity towards Kaurava. It was a big challenge for Pandava to fight with Kaurava without any enmity. This is the liberation . We act without our mind involved in the act is liberation. Libration is not somewhere in heaven it is right here and now.

Obsessive Love Disorder
 Rageshree Sengupta  
 29 May 2019  

As young kids and teenagers, we all have had minor and as well as major crushes on our classmates, neighbours, etc. By the time we reach the age of 20 or 25, most of us have been in love at least once in our lives. We have imagined a romantic dinner date and a long term relationship with the person/s. Sometimes, the person we love eventually becomes the only aspect of our life that we actually care about due to which we tend to detach ourselves from regular social obligations. These result in a psychological phenomenon called ‘Obsessive love disorder’. The latter part of this article explains the causes, symptoms and treatments of this disorder.What characterises obsessive love disorder?If you want to be with the person who put you in an abusive relationship or rejected you, then you have the ‘Obsessive love disorder’. When one feels an overwhelming desire or a strong attraction towards a particular person to a degree that he/she becomes controlling and possessive and cannot accept any kind of failure or rejection.What gives rise to obsessive love disorder?The following mental health indicators can imply that the person may have obsessive love disorder:1. Disinhibited social engagement disorder: This means that every person who is extremely outgoing and socialising all the time with random people finds it hard to form meaningful and emotional one on one relationship and thus have obsessive love disorder.2. Reactive Attachment Disorder: It is a condition in which a child is unable to form a secure and loving bond with his/her primary caretakers that can be parents or guardians. Later on, they struggle to form relationships with anyone.3. Borderline Personality Disorder: It is a relatively common mental health disorder which is characterised by unstable mood swings and absurd behaviour. These people can have extreme reactions to situations, inability to control anger, addiction and suicidal thoughts. Some victims of this disorder face obsessive love disorder.4. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: This is caused by obsessive fears that lead to compulsive rituals and practices in daily life. E.g.: the need to wash hands all the time. Due to the constant over one particular behaviour, the person may have obsessive love disorder.5. Relationship Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: This is the same as OCD but it implies the significance of the relationship. The patient becomes so obsessed with her partner that she talks about him all the time, stalks him, etc. Basically, every moment of her life depends on that person.6. Erotomania: This is a rather rare case but it means that you think a celebrity or someone of a really high profile is in love with you when he/she is actually not.Obsessive love disorder Symptoms:If you know anyone facing such problems, you must notify the following symptoms:1. Strong/Overwhelming Attraction: The person feels a strong desire to be with his/her partner all the time. These are the kind of people who say ‘I love you’ too quickly. They have high expected from the relationship sometimes believing false reciprocation of love from the other side.2. Need to Protect the Partner: You feel the constant need to protect your partner and fulfil all his/her wishes even when it is not required. You have a fear of losing the person. There is hardly any personal space left for both individuals.3. Need for validation: You need a constant reminder that you are loved and cared for by the person you are in love with. You call and message the person too many times a day to exhibit your feelings. This behaviour leads to low self-confidence.4. Low self-esteem: Similar to the previous point, this means that the person in the relationship does not feel like himself. Everything seems to fall apart. You start thinking that you are not worthy of being who you are and degrade your personality.5. Contact with Family and Friends: People with obsessive love disorder tend to have the least connection with family and friends. You find it difficult to maintain a healthy relationship with any person apart from the one you have feelings for.6. Unreasonable Jealousy: You cannot tolerate any other person who comes close to your partner or tries to talk to him/her. You stand the thought of another being with the person you love even if the intentions of the relationship aren’t bad.Obsessive love disorder Treatment:If you come across any patient of obsessive love disorder, do not assume the worst or isolate the person from your life. Instead, encourage him/her to visit a psychiatrist or a psychologist and seek professional help. Remind them constantly that they are loved and cared for. Spread awareness about mental health and its relevance in the contemporary world. There is no magical cure to obsessive love disorder but we can give useful advice and take help from people who trained in the field of psychotherapy to make the situation better.Bottom Line:We must make all our brothers and sisters aware of the importance of mental health and obsessive disorders. Let us help the people who have obsessive love disorder instead of stigmatising the very name of it.

Tips for Trekking in Hot Weather
 Manmohan Singh  
 5 June 2019  

Summary-Summer is here, and it's scorching hot outside! You as an avid traveler still want to go out for a trek, but when the leaves can’t take the heat, how would you be able to? Follow the given tips in this article to cut down on succumbing to the heat so that you can enjoy your trek.If all you crave for, in your daily noons is a patch of shade or a long sip of water, then you are aware that before going for a trek, you better take some logical steps. The wanderlust soul in you won’t let you stay at home, and to complete the mission of the trek, you would want to know how to deal with the extreme heat situations. The weather can challenge you with its strong ultra-violet rays, or sometimes humidity causing nausea, dizziness, hyperthermia, sunburns, dehydration, an unconscious state of mind, and can put you in other tricky situations too. The overexposure in the Sun with increased physical activity may initiate heatstrokes, so you better be careful. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, “Headache is considered as one of the most common symptoms of heat stress disorders”. The water and salt levels in your body shoot down, causing uneasiness by making you feel all giddy.Lately, treks are taking over the travelers market with its viral tendencies of inspiring the masses. Social media has given a new voice to the travel industry by sharing the personal experiences of hikers, backpackers, trekkers, photographers, etc. This influential power has spread in India like fire, as the new trend to explore untouched places like Trekking in Ladakh has become a kink for the curious ones. Trekking in India is not an easy thing to do, especially during the summers, because of the diversification in the terrains, but it’s a whole different experience which needs a separate article for itself. If the body temperature touches 40-degree Celsius or above, then it can be dangerous for your brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles. So, we have our list of tips for trekking in hot weather.Top 5 Tips for trekking in hot weather Weather ConditionsMountains have the history of surprising you at every step, not just on the ground, but it also reflects in their unpredictable weather conditions. Make sure you go through the weather forecast, even the sky looks like the clearest blue you have ever seen. As a matter of fact, thunderstorms usually occur when the weather is hot. Crazy right? So, do not take the weather so lightly especially if you are a beginner who is excited and ready to enter the wild. Keep yourself prepared for the worst case scenario. Start EarlyProlonged exposure in excessive heat may cause you headaches after sweating. You may fall unconscious, or lose a lot of energy just by being under the direct sunlight. Therefore, the best tip for any trek is to start early in the morning.A fresh start, much before the sunrise is the perfect time to save your energy for the rest of the trek without feeling lazy about it.Layers of ClothingCheck your gear before stepping in or enrolling into a long trek. Start with shorter routes in the beginning, and be all decked up with the essentials like a cap, windcheaters, sweat-proof or dry-fit clothes, etc. Keep your head covered from the heat. Also, try to go for pants to avoid minor cuts and injuries in the forests or barren lands.For insulation purpose, you may have to wear layers of light clothes. It sounds odd, but it certainly is the way to go ahead. Synthetic fibers or polyester material clothes are perfect for the trek, to prevent you from chafing as well.Keep your sunscreen, sunglasses handy.Hydration SupportDefinitely, keep yourself hydrated with water and some vitamin C drinks. Do not drink too much at once, take 2-3 sips to basically rinse your mouth time to time during the tiring trek. Consuming too much may give you chest pain, and losing all the water may cause you trouble for the rest of the trek since you have got to purify water.Other than that, do bring a few salty snacks of your choice. Energy bars are a good way to keep yourself going, to re-charge yourself.Take Regular BreaksDo not hesitate to stop once in a while and capture the view in your heart. Taking regular but short breaks is an excellent way to finish your trek as early as possible. This will make you mentally satisfied, and physically able to finish your trek. These breaks will make you realize how important it is to know about your trail so that you can pick the perfect trekking shoes for your trek.Don’t let the hot weather stop you from pursuing your trekking goals. Instead, be the ‘star’ of the trek by considering these tips. Give a hand to your mates, cheer-up the strangers, motivate people, and help them out as you move forward. These are the values of a true trekker.