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The hormones of happyness
 Rajabala Tripathy  
 1 April 2019  

😊The Hormones Of Happiness : How To Increase Them😊...............................................All of your feelings and emotions are a result of chemical reactions taking place in your body. These reactions are responsible for making you feel negative emotions, like anger and sadness, as well as positive emotions, like love and happiness. Read on to find out what your happy hormones are and how you can increase them.😊Endorphins..........***Endorphins are your body's natural painkillers, since they block pain. Most people are aware of the fact that exercise releases endorphins, but they don't realise the reason for this. Way back in the stone ages, endorphins were important to our ancestors because they enabled them to keep running through the pain and escape predators. Today, we don't need to escape predators anymore, so we only produce endorphins when we perform anaerobic exercises, since endorphins help us to keep going even after we deplete our oxygen stores.Ways to increase your endorphin levels:***• Exercise to cope with chronic pain.• Eat spicy food, since your tongue has receptors that react to spice by sending messages to your brain that are similar to pain signals, causing your brain to trigger the release of endorphins.😊Serotonin***Serotonin is the key hormone of happiness, since it regulates mood, prevents depression, thwarts irritation and makes you happy and sociable.Ways to increase your serotonin levels:***• Spend time in the sun, since sunlight causes your body to produce Vitamin D, which triggers the release of serotonin.• Think happy thoughts, since your brain produces serotonin when you remember happy memories or think about things that make you happy.• Consume foods like milk and corn, since they contain tryptophan, a substance that your body converts to serotonin. Other carbohydrates also contain tryptophan.• Do a low-intensity workout, since your body produces serotonin when it is performing aerobic exercise, as opposed to the endorphins it produces during anaerobic exercise.😊Dopamine..........***Dopamine is a pleasure hormone that is released when you strive towards a goal. Dopamine motivates you to work hard so that you can achieve the satisfaction of reaching that goal. It also keeps you mentally alert and helps you focus.Ways to increase your dopamine levels:***• Set daily or monthly goals, since they give you something to strive towards.• Set exercise goals, since dopamine increases in tandem with serotonin and endorphins when you exercise. Setting goals will increase the production of dopamine even more.• Eat foods that are rich in protein.😊Oxytocin......****Oxytocin is the love hormone, and is released in large amounts during sexual intercourse and childbirth, but also during other types of affectionate physical contact, like hugging. Oxytocin also increases feelings of love and trust.Ways to increase your oxytocin levels: 😊• Get a massage, since it relaxes your muscles and the prolonged physical contact triggers the release of oxytocin.• Show your friends and family that you love them by touching them affectionately. You can hug your parents, throw an arm around a friend or cuddle up with your partner.😊What are the limitations of these hormones?*****Hormones are effective, but they do have their limitations. The effects of endorphins are only temporary. If you have had a fight with someone for example, exercising will make you feel better for a while, but until you sort out the fight your unhappiness will keep returning. Oxytocin is a great way to build a relationship, but common sense dictates that you can't love and trust everyone you meet or you will be the victim of several scams. Too much dopamine is unhealthy, since it can cause addictions.source: internetRajabala

5 Things to Avoid in Food During Trekking
 Manmohan Singh  
 30 May 2019  

Trekking is a holistic activity that takes you to places that are unbelievably picturesque. Places that you may have seen in photographs and postcards. The glistening mountain tops and pristine lakes are not the only things that are tempting to the soul. The foods in these areas of the world are so different to the taste buds and very new to enthusiastic souls who like to discover these new things while travelling.The fun in travelling lies in these small discoveries that one makes. While trekking, one comes across so many kinds of mesmerising terrains and landscapes, the soul and the body is ready to accept all the good that the foods of the local area brings along in the course of the journey. Not just the food but the native cultures and traditions are rich, diverse and a segment of traditional beliefs that have passed down the ages. Nepal is a place that is known for the diverse amount of trekking trails and terrains, for trek enthusiasts to dwell in. The best part is that trekking in Nepal does not burn a huge hole in your pocket, that’s why Nepal is a favourite amongst enthusiasts. One of the most famous tracks for trekking is the Everest base camp trekking in Nepal. People, who want to get close to the highest mountain in the world, opt for this trekking trail once in Nepal.There is a long list of foods that you should eat while on a trekking trip, but there are 5 important foods and beverages that you must absolutely avoid while starting on a trekking journey. 1. Alcoholic beveragesConsumption of alcohol lowers your energy outlet and drags down your focus while trekking. More than anything, alcohol is a beverage that stirs your emotional levels and hampers the progress on your mental capacity on a trek. Trekking is an activity that requires your mind to be aware and alert at all times; a loss of one second of your attention span can lead to fatal accidents. It is worse if you go through a hangover before starting a lengthy trek.  It is true that people consume alcohol to ward off the chilling winds in a trek, but that is only really small quantities of alcohol. It is always better to celebrate with alcohol after the trek is over. 2. Cold meatsYou may have heard that meat is a very strong source of proteins and energy, but you may not know that you can obtain the same quantity of proteins and vitamins from so many kinds of vegetables. More than anything, why the consumption of meat is so bothersome is that, meat can be preserved and kept for inculcating flavour, and the proteins in the meat don’t survive for long. So, what you consume in the end is a dead flesh that has been cured for flavour. While trekking you need proteins and vitamins to keep you trekking in a consistent manner, it is not advisable to consume dead flesh while on a trek that needs you to produce the energy from within. Especially while on a trek to Nepal do not expect a lot of variety in meat. If you are used to eating beef forget that you will find beef anywhere, cow is the national animal of Nepal and it is highly offensive to consume beef or steak. 3. Carbonated drinksWhen on a trek you must take care of your abdomen and stomach. Try to eat foods that do not upset the stomach a lot. Especially consuming all natural based items is advisable. Carbonated drinks only serve for flavour and the taste buds while not being a very healthy option while on a trek. For energy boost and refreshment, try drinking natural vegan milks and fruit juices instead. 4. RiceEating rice in large amounts causes your stomach to swell and this makes it hard for you to carry your own weight on a trek. Rice is necessary for the carbohydrates that is provides but consuming too much out of hunger is not advised. This is because rice does not provide lot of roughage for exercising the abdomen. Rather breads like the traditional Nepali roti are full of proteins and roughage. 5. Processed foodsAny form of processed foods is likely to contain very less amounts of the vitamins of that particular food. Processed foods also contain traces of preservatives that are not beneficial for your energy flow. Avoid processed foods and try to consume more foods that can be naturally sourced, even if it lacks in flavour which is very unlikely, opt for natural foods, fruits and vegetables.  While on an important trek, or any trekking expedition for that matter, try to go as vegan or vegetarian as possible. The greens that you consume hold a lot more energy than meat and other alternatives you consume for proteins. There are a lot of foods that are essential for treks, and believe it or not, while on a trek, the simplest foods like rice, wheat and lentils are the best source of energy. The locals thrive on this kind of food and it is what keeps them surviving and it the best shape to be alive on these terrains. We may be tourists but the natives are locals they are one with the mountains and the natural surroundings. So follow their lead and do in Rome as the Romans do. 

Diet Plan
 Rageshree Sengupta  
 15 June 2019  

Steps to create a healthy diet plan:-) Know your fitness goal.) Calculate your daily maintenance calorie and ideal daily calorie intake.) Calculate your ideal daily protein intake.) Calculate your ideal daily fat intake.) Calculate your daily carbs intake.) Arranging food items, meal frequency and timing.Fitness Goal:-Fitness goal varies with every individual. Some want to lose fat, some want to gain fat, some wants to lose weight, some wants to gain weight, some wants to gain muscle and some wants to be just fit and healthy. I have classified fitness goals in three major categories. They are:-) Building and Gaining:- This category includes people who want to gain muscle( either a little bit of muscle or a whole lot of muscle), gain weight and gain fat. These people have to go for a caloric surplus diet plan.)Losing and Reducing:- This category includes people who want to lose fat( either large or small in number/percentage), lose weight, reduce belly fat, reduce love handles or fat from any specific area. These all come under this category. These people have to go for the caloric deficit diet plan.) Maintain and Improve:- This category includes people who want just to be healthy and fit, to maintain their current weight.So see under which category you are depending on your fitness goals. And let’s carry on.Daily Maintenance Calorie and ideal calorie intake:-Every work which we do burns our body calories whether it is walking, weight lifting, playing basketball or even digesting. The amount of calorie which we burn throughout our day is called as daily maintenance calorie. We should provide our body with a similar amount of calories which we burn through our daily activities. Except for water all other foods contain calories. So in order to be fit, we should be very cautious while creating our diet plan so that we get the perfect amount of calories which fulfils our daily requirement and helps in achieving our fitness goals.Calculate your daily maintenance calorie by below link:-Calorie CalculatorNow you know your fitness goals and daily maintenance calorie. Let's move forward and figure out your daily calorie intake.Depending on your fitness goals we have three categories of daily calorie intake:-) Caloric Surplus( Building & Gaining):- People who want to gain muscle( either a little bit of muscle or a whole lot of muscle), gain weight and gain fat should go with a caloric surplus. In this category, a person consumes more calories than his body requires. After utilizing the required calories the leftover calories are stored in the body in the form of fat and muscles.Now here some question comes in our mind:-Does caloric surplus increases the fat percentage in our body and makes us fat?How we can convert unused calories only to muscles but not in fat?The answer to this question is that we have to send some signals to our body indicating it to store unused calories only in the form of muscles but not in fact. We send these signals through a workout. When we workout we break our muscle tissues and thus our body uses excess calories to repair those tissues instead of increasing fat percentage in our body. Our diet plan also has an important role in this aspect.How much excess calorie intake should be included in our diet?The excess calorie intake should be 20% more than daily maintenance calorie level. Like if a person has figured out his daily maintenance calorie and got 2050. Then in case of gaining and building he should consume ( 2050 + 20% of 2050 ) = 2460 calories per day. This will increase the weight of a person but it doesn’t then add more extra 250 calories and figure out your body performance.2. ) Caloric Deficit (Losing and Reducing):- People who want to lose fat( either large or small in number/percentage), lose weight, reduce belly fat, reduce love handles or fat from any specific area should go with a caloric deficit. In this category, a person consumes fewer calories than his body requires. Due to insufficiently supplied calories, his body starts burning the stored fat and muscles to get the required calories. That is how a person loses weight, fat.Again this raises some question in our mind :-Does going into caloric deficit is good if it starts burning our muscle tissues?What to do if we want only fat in our body to be burned nut, not muscles?Answers to these questions are the same as that of previous question answer. Our workout indicates body to burn only fat from our body but not muscles. This is how we can decrease our body fat percentage by keeping muscle percentage constant or by increasing it.How much less calorie should we consume in our diet?The calorie intake should be 20 % less than daily maintenance calorie level. Like if a person has figured out his daily maintenance calorie and got 2050. Then in case of losing and reducing he should consume ( 2050 – 20% of 2050 ) = 1640 calories per day. This will reduce the weight of a person but it doesn’t then subtract more 250 calories and figure out your body performance.3. ) Maintenance:- People who want just to be healthy and fit, to maintain their current weight should go for caloric balance in their diet. It means their caloric intake should be equal to caloric burnt. Thus in this case body will neither store calories or burn calories stored in the form of fats or muscles. There will be no change in weight, fat percentage or muscle mass.Ideal daily protein intake in our diet:-Protein intake depends on the daily activity level of a person. It can be given in four ranges which are as follows:-Male/Female is not involved in weight training or any other form of exercise. Then they need ( 0.5 to 0.7 ) gram of protein per pound of their body weight.Male/Female doing some form of exercise daily then they need ( 0.8 to 1 ) gram of protein per pound of their body weight.Female involved in weight training requires ( 1 to 1.2 ) gram of protein per pound of their body weight.Male involved in weight training requires ( 1 to 1.5 ) gram of protein per pound of their body weight.Decide your protein intake range and calculate your daily calorie intake from protein where 1 gram of protein = 4 calories.Ideal daily fat intake in our diet :-Ideal fat intake is 20% to 30% of your ideal daily calorie intake. For example, a person has 2050 as ideal daily calorie intake. Then he must consume fat in the range of (20% of 2050 to 30% of 2050) which equals ( 410 to 615 ) calories from fat. One gram of fat has 9 calories so he should consume ( 410/9 to 615/9 ) = (46 to 68 ) grams of fat per day.Calculate your daily calorie intake from fat where 1 gram of fat = 9 calories.Ideal daily carbs intake :-Now you know your daily calorie intake from protein and fats, so to know daily calorie intake from carbs just subtract daily calorie intake from protein and fats with your ideal daily calorie intake and the remaining calories is to be consumed from carbohydrates. Just divide the calories from carbohydrates by 4 and you will get the daily carbohydrate intake in grams because 1 carbohydrate = 4 calories.Arranging food items, meal frequency and timing :-Now you know how much protein, fats and carbohydrates you should consume per day. After knowing these intake the task is to select the ideal sources for these nutrients and to arrange them in proper meals. The meal frequency varies with every individual so just decide your meal frequency and their timings based on your comfort level.I hope this blog Diet Plan|Create a healthy diet plan by yourself has provided you with sufficient information needed to create a diet plan.