Diabetes is one of the chronic diseases that can affect a person either during childhood or adulthood. This can cause various complications in the long run. There is cure for this problem but it can be managed with the help of medications and exercise. Diabetes is of two types, type-1 and type 2. Type-1 can affect in childhood itself whereas type-2 affects the adults only. The former one is caused due to no insulin production in the body whereas the latter is caused due to decreased insulin production in the body. It is very important for the diabetic patients to keep their blood sugar in control. It can be done by using a sugar machine.
How to check blood sugar using a sugar machine?
The steps are very simple and can be followed at home. There is no need for a second person to check your blood glucose levels. You can do it yourself by following:
Clean your fingertip. Prefer the ring finger-tip for pricking.
Take the sugar strip and put it in the glucometer. See the sides. The one where blood droplet has to be put should be on the outer side.
Milk the finger from downwards to upwards and now prick with the pricker.
After the blood forms a droplet, place the glucometer strip touching it.
The strip will pick up the blood and within 3-5 seconds, it will show the results.
Best glucometer India can be found on the online sites and you even ask your physician or pharmacist. They can help you get the best glucometers that give the best results.
Importance of testing blood sugar
It is imperative to keep your glucose levels within a normal range. Since diabetes can make this troublesome, routinely testing your glucose can help you do that. Below are the reasons why you need to test your blood glucose levels as indicated by the physician:
It helps to keep a check on your medicine regimen, whether it is effective for you or not.
It will be easier to assess how stress, illness and other things are affecting your blood sugar levels.
If will help to determine the blood sugar level and if it is too high or too low, then you can take the step accordingly.
You can also modify your exercise or food regimen based on it.
Any change required in the medication regimen will be helpful after this.
When should you check your blood sugar?
How regularly you need to test your glucose levels is profoundly individualized. It will rely upon the sort of diabetes you have and if you are taking new medicines or your sugar levels fluctuating a ton. You should converse with your physician consistently and ensure that you are trying regularly to keep your sugar levels in control. If you have Type 2 diabetes and needn't bother with any insulin, testing one to two times each day is suggested. But, if your sugar levels are in control, yourdoctor may not need you to check it daily. Should you use insulin for this condition, testing three or four times each day is recommended, particularly if your insulin portion is subject to your glucose levels for the duration of the day.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, it isn't expected to test your glucose levels four to multiple times in a day. You will have to test before you rest, around your eating times and around the occasions that you work out. Your physician will give you directions in regards to when to check your sugar and what your levels at each check will mean for your eating regimen and insulin consumption around then. This is how the blood sugar must be checked for the type-1 and type-2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Now, with such a chronic problem, it is obvious that the quality of life is bound to be decreased as the age increases. Here are a few problems that the patient might encounter:
Diabetic neuropathy: The nerves of the diabetic patient become numb. They cannot sense pain or anything else. This is why most patients with diabetes do not suffer pain when experiencing a cardiac arrest. It is usually silent. This however happens in the long run and is a problem of old age.
Diabetic nephropathy: With the medicine regimen and everything, the kidneys of diabetic patients tend to become very weak. They stop filtering the waste and it accumulates in the body. This is the reason why many patients undergo dialysis.
Diabetic retinopathy: As the name suggests, the retina is also affected. The nerves in retina are damaged and the patient has difficulty in seeing. This can lead to blindness in the old patients.
Cardiovascular problems: Since the diabetics have hypertension alongside, there vessels tend to become thicker, leading to cardiovascular problems like coronary heart diseases etc.