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Saraswati River a Myth?

Saraswati - ­Delineating myth and reality

You must have come across many stories of the holy rivers. Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati are regarded as the most sacred rivers on Earth. We all are habitual with the tales of Ganga and Yamuna. But did you give your years to the tale following the lost river Saraswati? Vaguely, Right? Well here is the story with reference to the long-lost river Saraswati and how She ebbed from the Earth’s surface. 

With respect to some of the scholars, about ten thousand years in the past when the indomitable rivers from the Himalayas initiated cascading down the slopes, the regions that are barren these days were fertile as well as green. Saraswati was one of the rivers which endowed with abundant water required for cultivation of land and nourishment of life. But after six thousand years, the river unexpectedly dried up. Few rivers that were running through the area also changed routes and the western Rajasthan transformed into an unfruitful piece of land.


River Saraswati has been portrayed to be much colossal than River Indus. The primeval Vedic manuscripts are compiled of chants in praise of the brook as the support of the people existing in that expanse. It was one of the loftiest rivers which formed the convergence of three blessed rivers at Allahabad Prayag. But what lead to the evaporation of the river from the face of the Earth? It is one of the supreme puzzles of India which not many people are aware of. So, let us peep into the thesis about the river Saraswati. 

Saraswati: The Hidden River

It is generally presumed true that river Saraswati is even now there on Earth but is concealed underground. Some intellectuals who have sketched the tracks of the lost river have declared that it subsists in the shape of a dried up river underneath the sands of the Thar desert. There is a massive 3500 years old palaeo channel in the Thar desert which is, in fact, a vast dried up river. Parables recommend that the unique Saraswati river gushes underground and convenes Ganga and Yamuna at Prayag in Allahabad. However, neither archaeological verdicts nor satellite pictures have demonstrated any confirmation of Saraswati’s eastward current towards Allahabad.

In conjunction with being a river, Saraswati has also been mentioned as being a Deity. She was brought into existence by the instinct of Lord Brahma. After creating Her, Brahma fell in love with Her splendor. Since She was not responsive in His approaches, Goddess Saraswati tucked away and kept moving from place to place to discover a secure shelter. This forms the grounds that why it is concluded that Saraswati is an unseen river and Her concise emergence on Earth is only for the period of time when She relaxed on Earth while escaping from Brahma.

The Fire of Comprehension

Another myth declares that as the human race developed, the urgency for knowledge was recognized. The sages took upon the accountability to pass on the divine knowledge to all the life forms. They looked for a way through which the knowledge could be conveyed to the Earth. The only medium that could uphold the knowledge was fire because fire is the component which has all the attributes of enclosing the knowledge. So, Lord Brahma asked Goddess Saraswati to aid in taking the holy fire to the wise on Earth. The only thing that can manage fire is water. Therefore, Saraswati took the fire of knowledge and slide down on Earth as a river.



The Warm Waters of Saraswati

By containing the fire, Saraswati gradually started evaporating. She released the fire of knowledge at the peak time to the sages and hurried to the glaciers to cool down Her blazing body. Her waters preserved the heat of the fire and little by little the river evaporated due to the heat. Fascinatingly, geologists have also proposed that Saraswati apparently had 'warm waters'.

How Did The Mighty River Die? 

The major causes which are attributed to the fading of the river are the loss of its essential brooks. The environment change, unending phases of drought and water oozing through Earth's crevices have also been a reason for the great river to get wiped off from Earth. The rivers Satluj and Yamuna were main streams of the Saraswati river during the Vedic age. Geological drifts in the Himalayan region around 6000 years ago led the Sutluj river to be redirected to unite with Indus and likewise, the Yamuna joined river Ganga to produce the now Ganga-Yamuna plain.