Assemblies and female lawyers in Pakistan:
Where the mode of filling in these seats is concerned, there has been a difference of opinion even among the main political parties. While various methods have existed over different periods of Pakistan's history, the last mode for filling in reserved seats in the NA and PA of Inquiry for Women and female lawyers in Pakistan was through elections, the PML(N) suggested doubling of the number of seats to 40 and possible methods for doing so. The first was that of direct elections to these seated in direct election by members of the respective no after the 1009y members of the respective houses. The second was of “ugh proportional representation, on the basis of the number of votes received by each party. The indirect method of election for women's reserved seats and female lawyers in Pakistan has not proved to be beneficial. It does not lend credibility to women representatives, since they remain dependent on and accountable to the primarily male legislatures, instead or being genuine influential of the electorate. There is also a perception that nominations are rarely made on the proven track record of the women party workers. And although a number of them played a role in initiating and participating in debates on women's rights issues, there is a further perception that their role has not been sufficiently effective.
Coming of Women and Female Lawyers in Pakistan in the Political System:
Coming of women and female lawyers in Pakistan in the political system has to be the ultimate objective of any method is to be adopted for filling in women's reserved seats. As such, the system should be geared towards bringing in capable women who can play an effective role in the House, just as it should return capable candidates through the general electoral system. The proportional electoral system, which involves the advance publication of a list of candidates who would come in on the basis of priority after the party's share has been calculated, is one which has been discussed at different levels as a method which might increase opportunities for women’s representation. However, it may not be an immediately feasible system in a largely illiterate society with insufficient political education and experience.
Independent Candidates Who Still Comprise a Significant Proportion:
Moreover, it creates no space for independent candidates who still comprise a significant proportion of candidates and representatives in the country. Yet another issue discussed is whether women representatives should be brought in through the vote of women alone, or both men and women. Being elected by just women may make the representatives feel more obliged to address women's issues, but it may also narrow their focus to just that. If they are voted in by both, they would still recognize their obligation to address women’s and female lawyers in Pakistan concerns since they have been brought in on women's reserved seats, but would also find it necessary to inquire into and address other issues since their electorate would comprise both men and women. The latter system appears to be more conducive to the political mainstreaming of women, and also in line with the principle of doing away with separate electorates in any form.
Electorate for Voting in Women:
The electorate for voting in women representatives should, therefore ideally be a joint electorate of men and women, both Muslim and non-Muslim Thus, the basic principles for ensuring effective representation of women through reserving seats for them emerges through these various discussions: the system should be geared towards mainstreaming women, the quantum of reservation should be at least 33%, the system of election could be direct and constituency-related, and there should be a joint electorate, A few possible modalities which fulfill these requirements have been briefly discussed below, with their respective advantages and disadvantages.
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