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Overview

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional leakage of urine. It means a person urinates when they do not want to. It can also be an embarrassing problem. The severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having an urge to urinate that's so sudden and strong you don't get to a toilet in time.

Urinary incontinence is usually caused by problems with the muscles and nerves that help the bladder hold or pass urine.  Urinary incontinence is more common among women than men and it is a lot more common than you might expect. This may be because pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause may make urinary incontinence more likely. Urinary incontinence is not a normal part of aging, and it can be treated.

As per Gynaecologists in Kolkata, the two most common types of urinary incontinence that affect women are stress incontinence and urge incontinence, also called overactive bladder. As with many potentially embarrassing or uncomfortable symptoms, those affected may be hesitant to speak up or ask questions about their condition, even at the doctor's office.

Ways to deal with Urinary Incontinence In Women

Treatment will depend on several factors, such as the type of incontinence, the patient's age, general health, and their mental state. A leaky bladder doesn't have to be a big deal. Sometimes, making small tweaks to your daily habits can help control urinary incontinence

There are plenty of simple solutions provided by Gynaecologists in Dhakuria that can help with it.

Bladder training
This means controlling when and how often you use the bathroom. It includes the following activities
- Delaying the event: The aim is to control the urge. The patient learns how to delay urination whenever there is an urge to do so.

- Double voiding: This involves urinating, then waiting for a couple of minutes, then urinating again.

- Toilet timetable: The person schedules bathroom at set times during the day, for example, every 2 hours.

Bladder training helps the patient gradually regain control over their bladder.

Pelvic floor exercises
Pelvic floor exercises help you to strengthen your pelvic floor, which can become weak after childbearing or because of aging. You’ll tighten, then relax your muscles, and repeat. 

Your doctor may recommend that you do these exercises frequently to strengthen the muscles that help control urination. 

Also known as Kegel exercises, these exercises are especially effective for stress incontinence but may also help if you have a sudden urge to urinate.

Fewer liquids
Urinary incontinence is more likely when your bladder is full. If you drink too much of anything, even water, you might feel an urgent need to go.

You must limit your consumption of alcohol and caffeine as these cause the urine to increase. 

Medical / Wearable devices
Placing support in the vagina may help prevent leaks. These inserts for the urethra  the tube where urine travels from the bladder can help with stress incontinence:

- Urethral insert: Somewhat like a tampon, this disposable device can serve as a barrier to leaks during special activities. Remember, you should use no more than 2 tampons a day and change your tampon every 6 hours to prevent toxic shock syndrome.

- Vaginal pessary: If your bladder has prolapsed (dropped), this ring-like device can act as a support. It’ll be inserted and fitted in the doctor’s office. It’ll need to be removed and cleaned, and can help avoid surgery.

Absorbent pads and catheters
If medical treatments can't completely eliminate your incontinence, you can try products that help ease the discomfort and inconvenience of leaking urine:

- Urinary Catheter: If you're incontinent because your bladder doesn't empty properly then doctors can insert a tube that goes from the bladder through the urethra, out of the body into a bag that collects urine.

- Absorbent pads: A wide range of absorbent pads is available to purchase at pharmacies and supermarkets, as well as online.

Surgery
If other treatments aren't working, several surgical procedures can treat the problems that cause urinary incontinence. Women who plan to have children should discuss surgical options with a doctor before making the decision.