Khalistan- "The land of the Pure" in Punjab region. The Khalistan movement is a Sikh nationalist movement, which seeks to create a separate country called Khalistan.
India was reorganised on linguistic basis in the 1950s, but Punjab had to wait till 1966 for creation of a Punjab speaking state, Akali Dal, a political party of Sikhs led the movement for the formation of 'Punjabi Suba' under the leadership of Master Tara Singh. After the formation of Punjab, Akali Dal came to power. In 1970s Akali Dal began to demand political autonomy for the region. After the formation of Punjab on a linguistic basis, a demand for a separate state for Sikhs came up. In 1973 Anandapur Sahib Resolution spelt out this regional autonomy and discussed the identity of Sikh community. A section of Akali Dal started talking about autonomous Sikh identity and extreme elements among them advocated secession from India and the creation of the new state named 'Khalistan'. The Khalistan movement passed from moderate to extremist Akalis. These militants founded their headquarters in Golden Temple in Amritsar. The religious place was converted into an armed fortress. These militants had been instigated and supported by the neighbouring state. In June 1984 Government of India carried out 'Operation Blue Star' to flush out militants from Golden Temple. This military operation in Golden Temple was seen by the majority Sikhs as an attack on their faith. To take revenge of Operation Blue Star, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her bodyguards. This led to large scale violence in North India against Sikhs. After coming to power in 1984 Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi reached an agreement with Harcharan Singh Longowal, President of Akali Dal. This agreement was a step in the direction of the restoration of peace in Punjab.
The administration has banned Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF) for its involvement in several killings, bombings and other terror actions during its destructive movement for "secession of Punjab". Moving to crush the potential of ‘fringe’ radical outfit, Sikhs for Justice (SFJ), to whip up pro-Khalistan sentiments with its ‘Referendum 2020’ campaign, the Centre declared the group an “unlawful association” under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
India submits a 23-page dossier to Pakistan on pro-Khalistan activities on its soil. In the exhaustive 23-page dossier that India handed over to Pakistan on July 14 at a high-level delegation at the Wagah border, the government listed out its concerns about pro-Khalistan elements that are promoting anti-India activities.
The ban of SFJ could affect the future maybe the riot of 1984 repeat in the 21st century. The prohibition can be a boon or bane. The minority Sikh religious who formed SFJ for pro-Khalistan belief yet political problems cannot be resolved through military solutions which is prejudice by them to common people who suffer bombing, murder, killing, etc. India the largest democracy in the world has been raised many questions whose views are muffed still with unanswered.