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Reserve bank of india has recognized ed that limited access to affordable financial services such as savings, loan, remittance and insurance services by the vast majority of the population i  the rural areas and unorganised sector is acting as a constraint to the growth impetus in these sectors. Access to affordable financial services, especially credit and insurance enlarges Livelihood opportunities  and empowers the poor to take charge of their lives. Such empowerment aids social and political stability. Apart from these benefits, FINS impart formal identity, provides access to the payments system and to saving safety net like deposit insurance. Hence, FINS are considered to be critical for achieving inclusive growth.Which itself is required for ensuring overall sustainable overall growth of country.
FINS can be thought of two ways. One is exclusion from the payment system i. e. not having access of bank account. The second type of exclusion is from formal credit markets requiring the excluded to approach informal and exploitative markets. After nationalisation of major banks in India  in 1969,there was a significant expansion of branch network to unbanked areas and stepping up of lending to agriculture, small industry and business. More recently, the focus is on establishing the basic right of every person to have access to affordable basic banking services.