Movements, where a large number of students participated in the freedom movement, agitation, revolutionary activities at various stages in terms of politics, is called student movements in Politics.
Students are the creator of the country.
"The country where students are aware, that country never stops."
Yet, the main issue which brings obstacles to students movement is today's political leaders who avoid students to take part in any political activities. Many say, "students are mended to studies and political leaders are meant to play tricky politics. Students should avoid politics has it make ruin your career. Even though it is said that students are not yet fully matured to understand the game of politics."
But, from history to the history of the world it is observed that students and youths have played a flooded role in liberating any country.
Students are the builders of tomorrow.
When the world was in trouble, the students have responded to it as per the emergence of its interest and needs.
The student's movement aim is to satisfy their needs connected to education like scholarships, admissions, fees, hostels, libraries etc. It also includes the protection of those students whose interests are violated by the authorities.
Navnirman Andolan (Reconstruction Movement 1974)
This movement was basically started by students of an engineering college in Ahmedabad. This movement started agitation against the corrupt practice of government. This root of the movement existed in the anger of students and middle-class people against corruption in public life. In the same year, Gujarat University witnessed conflict between authorities and students. This movement also included points like the reduction of the hostel food fees and other connection issues of students. This student movement strongly demanded the resignation of CM Chimanbhai Patel. Due to this agitation curfew was imposed in 44 towns and the army was called to restore normalcy and peace. At least 100 died, 1000 to 3000 were injured, and 8000 were arrested during the movement. It is the only successful agitation in the history of India that resulted in the dissolution of the elected government of the state.
Anti-Mandal Commission Protest, 1990 -
This was arbitrary protest aimed to implement the Mandal Commission report in 1990. This Mandal Commission report was prepared under the government of V.P. Singh. This report's implementation was strongly opposed by those against reservation and those belonging to the higher castes. This commission's report declared 27% reservation quota for OBCs in the matter of public jobs and admission in government colleges, thus making the total number of reservations for SC, ST and OBC to 49%. A student from St.Stephen College and Delhi School of Economics launched a protest and soon protest gradually spread in other parts of India. The strong point of this agitation was reservation should be based on economic considerations and not on caste consideration.
Rajiv Goswami, a student of Deshbandhu college, Delhi, committed self-immolation in protest of the government's actions. His act made him the face of the Anti-Mandal agitation. Altogether, nearly 200 students committed self-immolation; of these 62 students succumbed to their burns.
Anti-reservation Protest, 2006
It was a second major protest against the reservation system. In 2006, widespread protests took place in India to oppose the decision of Congress-led UPA government to implement reservations for OBCs in both central and private higher education institutes. Students and doctors belonging to upper castes disregarded this move as discriminatory. According to them, the reservation system “discarded meritocracy and was driven by vote-bank politics”.
Anti–Sri Lanka Protests, 2013
The war crimes committed by the army against Tamils in Sri Lanka during the Civil War has been a sensitive issue for the Tamil community. Students in Tamil Nadu were seen holding a series of protests and agitations led by the Students Federation for Freedom of Tamil Eelam. The protesters had only one demand from the Government of India: vote in support of UN resolution for an independent international investigation against alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka. The agitations, which started on 11 March 2013, saw an ugly turn after Tamil Nadu police arrested students of Loyola College who were fasting in condemnation of alleged atrocities. A week later, large-scale agitations were held outside Raj Bhavan in Chennai which further led to the arrest of over 500 students.
Protest over the suicide of Dalit Scholar (Rohith Vemula), 2016
The data of a Dalit scholar of Hyderabad University committing suicide and its cascading effect dominated media throughout the nation. The country witnessed a massive agitation with students being at the forefront of seeking right for the dead scholar – Rohith Vemula. The plant of the protest was sown when the executive council of the university terminated five Dalit students from the hostel and limited their access to campus for allegedly assaulting an ABVP student leader.
What kicked up a political storm was the suicide committed by one of the Dalit students, Rohith Vemula, in a hostel room on 17 January 2016. Hundreds of students from universities across India participated in ‘Justice for Rohith Vemula’ protest rally and expressed solidarity with the students of Hyderabad university by converging at the campus.
Are few students movement for a better tomorrow. Few movements like Rohith Vemula's suicide shook the whole system of the government...such type of happenings leads to massive agitation in public against particular authority.
The recent spate of protests at the prestigious Jawaharlal Nehru University(JNU)in Delhi and the formation of a human chain to condemn the arrest of JNUSU President Kanhaiya Kumar is just one such incident. If JNU demands to drop off “arbitrary charges” of sedition against Kumar, a student in the past had raised several other demands that they felt were necessary to fix aberrations in society.
"The youth of Indian Politics
We the students,
The movements we take,
The agitation we do,
The freedom we get,
is the future of us,
for a better tomorrow,
as we the creator of the world,
Need some power,
To show our discretion,
We are the youth of Indian Politics."
In this world, nowadays parents are not allowing students or youth to join politics or any other political parties rather they want their kids to be just walk in their way of the path which they highlighting to them. Nevertheless, the proportion of youth towards politics is deteriorating. Yet, this period is called technology age, youth are joining in some other way to politics like social media. These platforms are one of the major roles for students and youth to stand up for their rights, their freedom, their duties towards their nation. These platforms mostly target audiences are predictable the youth for their views or maybe to misuse as many of them will be the first time voters.
Being just youth of a county and contributing just for voting is not done. As a matured enough we must contribute by standing for election by being a contest in the election. Much can be done in the areas of socio-economic and political, in raising awareness about various social evils.
The next time we go to vote we must find more names of youngsters among the contestants, who could make our nation a better place to stay in. We know that the effort for a better political era. "Be practical, do the impossible things."