EO sterilization is the process of using EO Kit (end-user products) to kill the germ that causes the infection. An EO kit contains sterile equipment that burns the pathogen directly on the surface of the wound. EO sterilization has gained popularity among those who perform open-heart surgery for the past 30 years or more because of its safety, but also because it can be performed in less time than a topical cream. Home EO kits are also available for those who do not wish to pay for a professional sterilization. The advantage of EO over topical creams is that there is no need for a prescription and the patient has immediate results.
While topical solutions are applied topically, EO is applied via needleless devices that penetrate the skin and suction out the germ. This process is extremely important, especially with regard to newborns, since the majority of infections come from the mother's breast milk. It is also important for the procedure to be performed by someone who is completely qualified, since infections can be passed back and forth from mother to child. A sterilized needle is used throughout the procedure so that the pathogen is never introduced into any other person.
The sterile needle used is often a solid tip, but it can also be a hollow tipped needle. It is important to note that each type of sterile needle has advantages and disadvantages. A solid tip needle is less likely to break when inserted into the patient's body. However, breaking it can compromise the sterility of the solution and render the kit useless. Hollow tips are also less likely to break, but they are more likely to become contaminated while cleaning out the infected patient's cavity.
There are four primary types of EO solutions. The first is the ultrasonic-assisted osmosis process. This process involves passing an electric current through a semi-permeable membrane. The electric pulse ignites oxygen gas that destroys the germ before entering the bloodstream. This type of EO solution is expensive and somewhat wasteful.
The next EO solution is the alcohol-based sanitizing solution. It is very similar to the sanitizing process of the mouth. Again, an electric current activates an organic solvent that destroys the germ before it passes into the bloodstream. This type of EO solution is the most widely used EO in use today. Unfortunately, this process does not work well at removing all bacteria and viruses. This is why alcohol-based sanitizers are frequently added to kill harmful bacteria and viruses.
The final and most common form of EO sterilization is the UV light or blue-green light. This process works by generating short wavelength radiation that destroys microorganisms before they can enter the patient's body. This is the most commonly used method for sterilizing medical equipment in the United States. While this type of sterilization is less expensive than the others, it has its drawbacks.
Compared to other forms of EO sterilization, this process has some inherent risks. The UV light may also cause skin irritation or sunburn. If the equipment breaks down during the sterilization process, it could release harmful spores into the air. The FDA has placed a black box warning on the product stating that there have been reports of skin irritation and sunburn from the procedure. If you choose to go with this procedure, be sure to adhere to all safety procedures while in the hospital and after the procedure.
The benefits of EO sterilization far outweigh any negative aspects it may have. As more surgical techniques become more commonly used, more EO products will likely become available. EO sterilization has proven to be effective and safe for all patients. If you are considering EO sterilization, contact one of your local doctors for more information.