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A Defect is an error or fault in the program or code that leads to inappropriate results. Bugs are found in unit testing done by the developer. A defect is found when the specific requirement is not met. A tester performs the following step to find and fix them to roll-out error-free software. A software defect can cause business failures. It is essential to document the defects after fixing them. 

A defect management process has the following steps. 


Defect Discovery

The discovery includes the identification and reporting of a defect in the system. It also finds the prospective defects that can put the entire system at risk. If you are using any defect-tracking software then it should be user-friendly to use it with minimum effort. The defect-tracker tools available should be evaluated first based on the project needs and requirements. The information used to log a defect should be complete to easily replicate them to fix them quickly. 


Defect priority and analysis

After the defect is reported, the development team checks whether it is already a part of the defect list or it’s altogether new. It is also important to set the priority of defects to fix the most critical bugs first. Few bugs can be fixed at the later stages of the software development lifecycle. A defect tracking tool can help you to manage the defects and track their status right from the beginning of the project. You can use the ALM defect tracking tool for effective and efficient defect tracking. 


Defect Verification 

The build which has the resolution of defect is identified and tested again to ensure the defect is fixed. It is also checked for any regression bugs that are introduced after implementing the resolution of the defect. Once there is no defect then it can be closed by the developer. 


Communicating Defects 

It includes automatic generation of defects metrics for reporting and ensuring visibility of defects and its status to everyone. 


Conclusion

Defect logging is a process where finding defects in the application is mandatory to record the feedback from customers and fixing the defects in new versions. 

A complex and business-critical system may have hundred of defects which can be challenging when it comes to managing, evaluating and prioritizing these defects.