Bleeding throughout maternity is relatively common and doesn’t always mean there's a problem. It may be discouraging and alarming, but contrary to common beliefs, bleeding needn't be a necessary harmful to a pregnant lady. However, it's necessary to take bleeding seriously at any stage of the pregnancy.

In this article, all the causes and reasons responsible for bleeding during pregnancy are discussed below concluded by Dr. Renu Jain

What are the potential causes of vaginal bleeding throughout pregnancy?

Causes of vaginal bleeding throughout early pregnancy embrace:

- Implantation bleeding:
It's a harmless light bleeding that usually happens around the time your period would have been due. It happens when the developing embryo implants itself within the wall of the uterus.

- Cervical changes:
Cervical changes due to pregnancy might typically cause bleeding specifically after sex.

- Miscarriage:
Throughout early pregnancy, vaginal bleeding may be a symbol of miscarriage. Regarding one in five pregnancies miscarry and typically, the cause is within the fetus and not the mother or the partner.
At a similar time, it's necessary to notice that a lot of ladies who bleed at this stage of maternity proceed to own normal and successful pregnancies.

- Ectopic pregnancy:
An ectopic pregnancy is when fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, for instance within the Fallopian tube. It will cause bleeding and is dangerous.

Early detection and appropriate management may be a must during this case, therefore to prevent any severe complication. alternative less common causes are molar pregnancy (a mass that forms within the womb that doesn't lead to a baby) and issues with the cervix like a cervical growth or cervical or vaginal infections. vaginal bleeding may additionally occur throughout the later second or trimester of the pregnancy.

Some of the ordinarily occurring includes

- Placenta praevia (low lying placenta):
This is often when the placenta is attached within the lower a part of the uterus, around or covering the cervix. bleeding from a low lying placenta may be terribly heavy and place you and your baby at risk

- Placental abruption:
it's a serious condition during which the placenta starts to come far from the uterus wall.

- Vasa praevia:
A rare condition where the baby’s blood vessels run through the membranes covering the cervix. once your water breaks, these vessels are torn and cause vaginal bleeding.
Vaginal bleeding towards the end of the pregnancy is normal. usually bleeding mixed with mucose (which is termed show) may be a symbol of the beginning of the labor.

When to go to a doctor?
It is necessary to keep the doctor informed regarding any bleeding that may have occurred at any stage of the pregnancy. a woman ought to carefully note details like the type of bleeding, its texture, whether it included any tissue or clots.

Alternative symptoms like pain and dizziness to work out what's the cause of the bleeding, you will get to have a vaginal or pelvic examination, an ultrasound scan or blood tests and according to the cause and the way several weeks pregnant you're it'd be suggested whether you need to be admitted to hospital or not and any treatment would be planned and advised.