According to Ayurveda, your dominant Dosha influences everything from your personality to your body's inherent inclinations.

Ayurveda is one of the world's oldest holistic medical systems, and it is still extensively practised today. Ayurveda focuses on whole-body treatment by combining physical, psychological, and spiritual health and claims that a person's Dosha, a sort of physiological humour, defines their personality and health.

Everything revolves around spices in Ayurvedic nutrition. They are used not just as medicine in traditional Indian treatment but also to keep the three doshas in balance, i.e., the three life energies Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. They also add the required spice to your cuisine. Ayurveda offers the appropriate spice for every meal, whether it's breakfast, lunch, or supper.

In this article, we'll learn about What is Ayurveda Doshas, How to balance Vata, Pitta, Kapha, and Which spices are good for which Dosha; so read on!!

What is Ayurveda Doshas?

Ayurvedic medicine is founded on the concept that the world is composed of five elements: Aakash (space), Jala (water), Prithvi (earth), Teja (fire), and Vayu (air). Each element, when combined, produces three humours, or Doshas, known as Vata, Kapha, and Pitta. These Doshas are said to be in charge of a person's physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing. 

Every individual is thought to have a unique ratio of each Dosha, with one Dosha shining out more than the others.  Ayurvedic practitioners can assist you in determining your Dosha. A person's Ayurvedic constitution, or blueprint for optimal health, is believed to be defined by their unique proportions of Vata, Kapha, and Pitta.

Here's a quick rundown of each Dosha-


Vata is made up of the two elements air and space, also known as ether, and is commonly described as chilled, light, dry, rough, flowing, and expansive. Autumn is associated with Vata because of its chilly, crisp days. Those with the Vata Dosha are typically thin, active, and creative.


Kapha is based on the elements earth and water. It has the characteristics of being steady, stable, hefty, sluggish, chilly, and soft. Spring is known as the Kapha season since various regions of the earth gradually emerge from hibernation. This Dosha is associated with being robust, thick-boned, and compassionate.


The pitta Dosha is centred on fire and water and is linked with a stubborn attitude. Hot, light, sharp, oily, liquid, and mobile are some of the typical descriptors. Summer is known as the Pitta season because of its hot, sunny days. Pitta people are believed to have a muscular physique, be highly athletic, and be powerful leaders. 

What are Ayurvedic Spices?

The goal of Ayurvedic teaching is first and foremost to live a healthy life while keeping the three Doshas in balance. In Ayurveda, each spice has a unique impact on one or more of the Doshas. The root of everyday problems, according to traditional medicine, is an imbalance of these vital forces. As a result of this imbalance, illnesses may develop. 

As a result, spices and herbs are utilised as everyday treatments in Ayurveda. The treatments of food-related problems can thus be readily integrated into daily living. Spices, in the best-case scenario, prevent imbalances and illnesses. Basically, the spices used in Ayurvedic medicine are Ayurvedic spices. 

Suitable Spices for Each Dosha

Here's a brief breakdown of the most common types of Doshas and which spices are most suited to them.

Which Spices are Good for Vata Dosha?

Sweet, warming and relaxing spices are ideal for Vata-dominant people:

  • Anise
  • Ginger
  • Cardamom
  • Lavender
  • Nutmeg
  • Oregano
  • Liquorice
  • Thyme
  • Vanilla
  • Cinnamon

Which Spices are Good for Kapha Dosha?

For people who are dominated by Kapha, stimulating spices are best:

  • Basil
  • Chilli
  • Galangal
  • Cloves
  • Ginger
  • Garlic
  • Turmeric
  • Mint
  • Nutmeg
  • Pepper
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Mustard

Which Spices are Good for Pitta Dosha?

Spices that are slightly bitter, harmonising, and cooling are beneficial for Pitta-dominant people:

  • Coriander
  • Cumin
  • Turmeric
  • Lime
  • Mint
  • Parsley
  • Saffron
  • Liquorice

Role of Spices in Balancing Doshas

According to Ayurveda, many spices have a combination of sattvic, rajasic, and tamasic characteristics, and each affects a distinct dhatu (body tissue). These effects also help in balancing Doshas, Ayurveda. Let's have a look at those essential Ayurvedic spices-

Asafoetida (Hing):

If you are suffering from flatulence, appetiser, colics, carminative, respiratory diseases such as asthma, whooping cough, and bronchitis, Hing is really good for you. It also decreases Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta. 

Coriander (Dhaniya):

Used to treat bone and joint problems, headaches, inflammation, neuralgia, colic, oral and other ulcers. Coriander decreases all three Doshas. 

Cumin (Jeera):

Commonly used to treat gastrointestinal problems such as dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, diarrhoea, and appetite loss. Ingesting cumin can help in increasing Vata & Pitta and decreasing Kapha. 

Fenugreek Seeds (Methi):

Fenugreek helps digestion, carminative, malaise, avoids boils or cysts, decreases blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and reduces inflammation. Moreover, it increases Vata and Pitta and reduces Kapha.

Ginger Powder (Sonth):

Commonly used in gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting, nausea, indigestion, flatulence, as well as respiratory illnesses such as colds, coughs, asthma, and congestion. Dry Ginger Powder also enhances sexual health. It decreases Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta.

Mustard Seeds (Rai):

If you suffer colic, bruising, respiratory difficulties, epilepsy, rheumatism, or neck stiffness, you should add Mustard Seeds to your diet. They help in increasing Kapha and decreasing Vata & Pitta. 

Turmeric (Haldi):

It is commonly used to enhance blood circulation and as a blood purifier. Turmeric can also be used to treat anaemia, inflammatory disorders, skin problems, and as an appetiser. It can help in reducing Kapha and increasing Vata & Pitta. 


Many people enjoy Ayurveda because traditional Indian meals are rich and colourful, and they whisk us away from our daily life. Whether you want to use the spices in Indian recipes for your Dosha or not, the flexible spices may be employed in a variety of cuisines and foods. 

Also, remember to always use fresh, authentic & unadulterated spices for optimum results. You can find the best quality Ayurvedic spices at Vasant Masala. It is famous worldwide for its finest spices.