It is a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis-A virus .It causes inflammation of the liver.
The agents of infection are eating contaminated food, drinking contaminated water ,close contact with a person or object infected with the disease.
The symptoms appear after a few weeks, sometimes people are asymptomatic.But people who show symptoms have the following symptoms--
Nausea and vomiting
Abdominal pain near the liver area
Clay- colored stools
Loss of appetite
Low- grade fever
Yellowing of eyes and skin
A lot of itching
The symptoms are mild and generally go away after a few weeks.
Food and drink infected with fecal matter causes infection.
Eating food handled by someone with the virus can cause infection.
Eating raw shell-fish from water polluted with sewage
Being in close contact with an infected person,using the person's clothes, utensils can transmit the disease
Having sex with an infected person
Travel or work in areas of the world where the disease is common
People with hemophilia are at a high risk
HIV positive people are at risk
People using illegal drugs
Workers in day-care centers
Unlike other kinds of viral hepatitis, it doesn't cause long-term liver damage.
Peel and wash fresh fruits and vegetables on your own
Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat and fish
Drink bottled water while traveling
Avoid all beverages of unknown purity with or without ice
Get yourself vaccinated against hepatitis-A
Good hygiene and sanitation can prevent it
It is done with the help of blood tests.
No specific treatment except to give comfort and maintain nutritional balance,including replacement of fluids that are lost due to vomiting.