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Introduction

Are you trying to have a baby but pregnancy just isn't happening? 

Every woman will have a strong desire to conceive a child at some point during their lifetime but not everyone is able to fulfill their desire. It may be that one partner cannot contribute to conception, or that a woman is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. 

It is often defined as not conceiving after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth control.

Millions of people experience fertility problems. And it’s not just a “woman’s problem” or an issue with age, both men and women contribute to infertility. Lots of things can lead to infertility, and it can affect people of all sexes and ages. 

What Causes Infertility?

As per IVF Specialists in Pune, there are lots of possible causes of infertility. The cause of infertility may be difficult to determine but may include inadequate levels of certain hormones in both men and women, and trouble with ovulation in women.

 Causes of Infertility in men

Infertility in men can be caused by different factors and is typically evaluated by a semen analysis. Semen is the milky fluid that a man's penis releases during orgasm. Semen consists of fluid and sperm.

Conditions that can contribute to abnormal semen analyses include -
- Varicoceles, a condition in which the veins on a man's testicles are large and cause them to overheat. The heat may affect the number or shape of the sperm.
Treating the varicocele can improve sperm numbers and function, and may potentially improve outcomes when using assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization.

- Medical conditions or exposures such as diabetes, cystic fibrosis, trauma, infection, testicular failure, or treatment with chemotherapy or radiation.

- Unhealthy habits such as heavy alcohol use, testosterone supplementation, smoking, anabolic steroid use, and illicit drug use.

- Environmental toxins including exposure to pesticides and lead.

- Ejaculation disorders: If the ejaculatory ducts are blocked, semen may be ejaculated into the bladder

- Hormonal imbalance: Hypogonadism, for example, can lead to a testosterone deficiency.

The other common causes of infertility in men include:

- Untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea

- Low sperm count, which means you have too few or no sperm in your semen

- Poor sperm motility which means when the sperm doesn’t move well enough to reach an egg

- Sperm that isn’t formed correctly

- No sperm in your semen

Causes of Infertility in women

IVF Specialists in Viman Nagar Pune says the main reason for infertility is that you don't ovulate, which means you don't release an egg from an ovary. 

Ovulation disorders can be due to:
- Premature ovarian failure:
The ovaries stop working before the age of 40 years.

- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS):
The ovaries function abnormally and ovulation may not occur.

- Hyperprolactinemia:
If prolactin levels are high, and the woman is not pregnant or breastfeeding, it may affect ovulation and fertility.

- Poor egg quality:
Eggs that are damaged or develop genetic abnormalities cannot sustain a pregnancy. The older a woman is, the higher the risk.

- Thyroid problems:
An overactive or underactive thyroid gland can lead to a hormonal imbalance.

- Chronic conditions:
These include AIDS or cancer.

Some common reasons for infertility in women include:

- Untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea

- Not ovulating (not releasing eggs from your ovaries)

- Your fallopian tubes are blocked so sperm can’t get to your egg

- Poor egg quality

- The shape of your uterus makes it hard for a fertilized egg to implant

- Endometriosis

- Uterine fibroids

Conclusion

There are many methods that can help in dealing with these causes. For couples who experience fertility problems and those who wish to have children at an older age, there are more options available than ever before and IVF Specialists in Bangalore suggests that in vitro fertilization is the best option to opt for.

As new technology becomes available, fertility treatment is now accessible to more people, and success rates and safety are improving all the time.