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Dadasaheb Phalke, also known from Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, (born April 30, 1870, Trimbak, British India [present day in Maharashtra, India]—perished February 16, 1944, Nashik, Maharashtra), motion picture director who is well-thought-out the father of the Indian cinema. Phalke was accredited with making India’s first native feature film and depositing the growing Indian film industry today primarily recognized through Bollywood productions.

As a kid, Phalke showed great interest in the creative arts. Strongminded to pursue his dreams, he tied to the Sir J.J. School of Art, Bombay (now Mumbai), in 1885. Though there he chased a variety of interests, counting in photography, lithography, building, and amateur histrionics, and he became proficient even at charmed. He fleetingly worked as a painter, a theatrical set designer, and a photographer. Though working at the lithography press of celebrated painter Ravi Varma, Phalke was significantly influenced by a series of Varma’s paintings of the Hindu gods, an impress that was evident in Phalke’s own depiction of various gods and goddesses in the mythical films he later made.


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In 1908 Phalke and a partner recognized Phalke’s Art Printing besides Engraving Works, however the business unsuccessful because of modifications between them. It was Phalke’s chance viewing of the silent film The Life of Christ (1910) that marked a turning fact in his career. Deeply moved by the film, Phalke saw it as his task to bring all that was Indian to the affecting picture screen. He went to London in 1912 to learn the craft from British pioneer filmmaker Cecil Hepworth. In 1913 he unconfined India’s first silent film, Raja Harishchandra, a work grounded on Hindu mythology. The film, scripted, produced, directed, and However by Phalke, was a huge accomplishment and an imperative milestone in Indian cinematic history. Likewise, important, he presented a female actor in the important role in his film Bhasmasur Mohini (1913) at a time when specialized acting was taboo for women.

Phalke, with the assistance of several partners, recognized the Hindustan Film Company in 1917 and went on to harvest several films. A brilliant film technician, Phalke tested with a variety of special effects. His employment of mythical themes and trick photography pleased his audience. Amongst his other effective films were Lanka dahan (1917), Shri Krishna janma (1918), Sairandari(1920), and Shakuntala (1920).

With the overview of sound in cinema and the development of the film industry, Phalke’s work lost admiration. He left cinematography in the 1930s and died lonely, disillusioned, and sick.

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In acknowledgement of Phalke’s Contribution however ion the Indian cinema, the India government introduced the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1969, an award presented yearly by the president of India for lifetime contribution however ion to Indian motion pictures.


A Marathi, Dadasaheb Phalke, whose actual name was Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, is attributed with creation Raja Harishchandra, the foremost feature film in India, and is thus named the father of Indian cinema. He did everything for the project – production, writing and direction. He even built the set himself and shot it for 7 months and 21 days.

In those days, cinema around the world was still in its beginning. Making a single film even without sound (sound did not come to Indian films until 1931’s Alam Ara by Ardeshir Irani) was an expensive proposition that required inventiveness and improvisation even if you had money. If you did not, well, even the cost of film stock was enough to make you bankrupt.

Dadasaheb Phalke obsessed the mind of an artist much before he began to make films. He had been a photographer. He considered engineering and sculpture. He functioned with the famous painter Raja Ravi Varma. He owned a printing press for a while, and so on. It was only after observing a silent film The Life of Christ that he got interested in motion pictures.

Dadasaheb Phalke ended Raja Harishchandra in 1912 and it was publicized in 1913. The story was grounded on a legendary noble and just king of the same name from Hindu mythology who was well-known for always telling the truth come what may. He gave away his kingdom, turn out to be a slave along with his family as of a vow he made to a sage. After this film, Phalke went on to make about 130 films most of which were enthused by Hindu myths. He passed away in 1944 in Nasik subsequently having retired after his last film, 1932’s Setubandhan.


He won millions of hearts through his extraordinary personality. People always acknowledge him for his kind words and amazing works. From Oscar to Bharat Ratna winners have known his contribution however ion and spot in its life. Through his movies he created immensely characters which are known forever.