DIABETES IN CHILDREN:
It was earlier called as Juvenile Diabetes, this occurs when the pancreas cannot produce insulin.Due to the absence of insulin the sugar from the blood cannot reach the cells of the body causing high blood sugar levels.
Treatment involves lifelong use of insulin and blood sugar monitoring. This is done with a change in diet and a proper exercise regimen. This way the blood sugar levels are managed.
This is less common in children and occurs when there is a dysfunction of insulin, leading to a reduced function of insulin.Due to this glucose accumulates in the bloodstream.This can be managed with dietary changes,exercise and weight control.Sometimes medication like metformin is needed.
Symptoms of both types of diabetes:
Increased thirst and urination
Fruity smell on the breath
Toilet: Using the bathroom frequently, infants having heavier nappies, or bedwetting from a previously dry child
Thirsty: Drinking more fluids than usual but being unable to quench thirst
Tired: Feeling more tired than usual
Thinner: Losing weight
Parents should keep a check on the 4Ts
Urinating more at night
Unexplained weight loss
Itching around the genitals due to yeast infection
Slow healing of wounds and cuts
Type-1 diabetes develops rapidly while Type-2 main remain undiagnosed for months or years.