The glow worm is a medium to large sized invertebrate that is famous for having a green and yellow coloured light on the end of it’s tail.

Glow worms are found inhabiting dense woodland and caves around the world.Glow worms are nocturnal animals which means that they are active during the dark night which is when their glowing rears can be seen.Glow worms may sometimes resemble actual worms, but all are insects as one species of glow worm is a type of fly but most glow worms species are actually beetles.It is only the female glow worms that actually glow.Glow worms are omnivorous animals , they tend to have a very meat-based diet. Glow worms predominantly prey on snails and slugs which make up the majority of their diet.Due to their small size and the fact that they glow in the darkness, glow worms have numerous natural predators within their environment including spiders, large insects, birds, reptiles and centipedes.Glowworms can survive only in very damp, dark places where their light can be seen. They need a ceiling that is fairly much horizontal from which they can hang their sticky feeding lines, and a sheltered place where wind does not dry  out their lines.

Scientific Name: Arachnocampa luminosa

The biological processes that produce luminescence are similar in aquatic and terrestrial organisms.A protein generically referred to as luciferin is oxidised in the presence of a catalyst called luciferase to produce oxyluciferin and light.  Luciferins have found applications in science and medicine, and biotechnology companies have already cloned and patented bioluminescent proteins The proteins are used to monitor the efficacy of antibiotics, with the glow caused by the pathogens being used as an indicator of bacterial numbers. It is also used in cancer research for monitoring tumour spread and response to treatment. They are also being used to monitor blood sugar levels in diabetic patients.Luciferin can create a breakthrough in the medical world