WHAT HOME MINISTER SAID
Recently, Home Minister Amit Shah said that the country should come together to promote Hindi. In his Twitter posts on 'Hindi Diwas' Mr Shah added that this should not be done at the cost of other languages.
"India is a country of different languages and every language has its own importance but it is very important to have a language of the whole country which should become the identity of India globally," he said on Twitter, writing in Hindi.
"Today, if one language can do the work of uniting the country then it is the most spoken language, Hindi, " he added.
WHAT IS THE BACKGROUND OF LANGUAGE CONTROVERSY?
As soon as Home Minister made the statement many started criticising it that the statement is not reasonable. As the Southern political parties State that it reduces the value of our language i.e. Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam. As they desire to have the importance of their dialect in their respective state.
As per the views of Congress," One nation, One language will never be a reality".
All this controversy gets more heated up because recently in June 2019 the Draft New Education Policy appeared forward according to this policy there was a recommendation that Hindi teaching will be mandatory in all schools. After the release of Union government's original draft, all Opposition parties in Tamil Nadu blasted the recommendations and even the BJP's ally AIADMK refused to dilute the state's two language formula.
Protests were also seen over in West Bengal, Maharashtra and Karnataka. The centre went into damage control mode later, with senior cabinet ministers tweeting reassurance that Hindi would not be imposed without further consultations. Finally, the revised draft was uploaded by the Human Resource Development Ministry.
Not only this but if we see during freedom struggle all the freedom fighters were with one common language i.e. Hindi. Hindi was the only way to communicate with each other. Even Mahatma Gandhi and other congress members we're with support of Hindi. As per them, the country should have a uniqueness from another country. The demand was put forward which states that Hindi should be our national language.
Yet from few constitution assembly members, i.e. L.K. Maitra and N.G. Ayyangar demanded right for state languages.
According to the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages. The table below lists the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India.
DECLARATION OF HINDI AS A NATIONAL LANGUAGE UNDER INDIAN CONSTITUTION: POSSIBILITY?
There are possibilities they we can make Hindi as a national language.
Hindi is one of the official languages of India with English.
Anyhow according to 2001 census, 41% of the Indian Population is native speakers of Hindi dialect but what about rest non-Hindi 59%. By imposing Hindi as the national language, are not providing an unfair advantage to this 41% of the population.
POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES OF NATIONALISATION OF HINDI.
According to 2001 census, 41% of the Indian Population is native speakers of Hindi dialect but what about rest non-Hindi 59%. It will be a disadvantage for non-Hindi in Education, career opportunities and various fields.
Another aspect is the heavy school fee. Economically weaker sections of the society cannot afford an English medium school for their children and if Hindi is a compulsory school of southern states in India will raise their fee which will be the burden of the family.
The main aspects are if in future our Prime Minister is from the southern state how will it be able to give speeches on Hindi or in his mother tongue. The only way to communicate with other people or civilians is English.
Many aspects have come forward which leads to destruction or can lead to an incident like a fight between the Northern state of India and Southern state of India.
If we promote Hindi is one language in India and successfully make it our one common language the only thing that worries is its long term impact on our country. According to our Preamble of India it states that, "EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all." It clearly says no discrimination in any way whether it may be a language, religion, caste, sex, etc.