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Why Amazon Would Fail In India?
 Bibhu datta Rout  
 26 January 2018  

Long ago, there lived in a village two brothers — Motu and Patlu. Motu was the fat guy and Patlu was very lean and thin. One day both of them decided that they will start independent business in their village to sell mustard oil. Motu was smart guy and wanted to capture entire village. In order to do so, he started giving discounts on mustard oil. Patlu kept price at same level and focussed on the quality. Soon 90% of the market was captured by Motu and rest 10% was Patlu’s share.Soon Motu realised that he was incurring losses, rather massive losses. Though revenue was going high, but losses were also mounting with equivalent speed. He took some loan ( investor’s money) and diversified his business into ground oil. At that time there were few players in the market, who were already selling ground oil. Motu applied his tactics, as he was quite confident of his discounted business model. He started giving discount on ground oil as well. The investors were happy, that he kept on capturing market. Some more investors joined hands with him and put more money and Motu kept on giving discounts. He captured 80% of ground oil market and incurring more losses. Patlu, who had lost the first battle of mustard oil and few guys from ground oil had joined hands by that time. They had been searching for right time to screw Motu for unethical business practices. However, they could not do anything as Motu was “The Big Motu” by that time and out of reach from guys like Patlu. Motu had been arrogant to the producers, but he kept consumers happy. Producers had no choice, as Motu’s shop was selling more than any other shop out there. While life was moving forward, ‘The Big Motu’ felt there was big need to introduce TV to village, as villagers were deprived of TV. That was indeed a great idea and few investors put large chunk of money to it. Motu came up with a subscription model, so that whoever saw TV, had to pay some amount of money to Motu. People were happy, but the Motu’s staff at ground oil and mustard oil business were terribly unhappy, as the focus on those business were not there. The staff were working too much. The initial high salary was marginalised over period of time. So Motu kept on making customers happy, but at the cost of his own staff and producers of the product. He always believed that if one producer left his shop, dozen more would come and join. He was right, as everyone was dying to have Motu’s name associated with them.Every dog has a day. One day when Motu woke up from bed, he saw Patlu and few police men at his bed. Few of the unhappy producers were also besides him along with few local politician. Police had filed a case of unfair business practice and the charges were verified by few producers, staff even some customers who Motu felt were loyal customers. Motu tried to cease the case by paying some money, but probably he didn’t have enough money to pay the demand of politicians. The very next moment, investors started asking for money, staff revolted and things went very bad. The Big Motu was bankrupt.This story is satire metaphor of how Amazon runs business worldwide and why Amazon would fail in India with unethical business practices. India as a country is very different from the rest of the world. The consumers behave very differently here. Let me highlight few attributes of Indian.Attribute :1 People from Asian origin and specifically Indians value for money. Brand loyalty always loses the battle when pitted against the monetary gains. The discounted model does not create loyal customers in India. Attribute :2 Indians are very receptacle, adoptable to change and very fast in spreading the message. Thanks to mushrooming social media groups. So anytime Amazon tries to reduce the price of discounted items, it would take very little time, people switching to competitor. When Amazon entered India, there were few multi-million dollar e-commerce giants. Now there are many, with a hope that they would be taken over by Amazon some day. If at all Amazon buys few of them, the intrinsic value of the deal would be far below the sell off valuation.Attribute :3 Political and ideological idiosyncrasies. In Indian it is always believed that if two persons don’t match in their political views, probably they won’t be good team player. The silent reader who has been reading until now, will definitely have eyebrows up by now. Politics play an important role in governing a lot of things in India. Unlike west and Europe, where business houses are aligned to multiple parties so that nothing goes wrong when opposition is in power, in India, business houses cannot function the same way. Common people in India barely change political ideologies. As a result, it has been witnessed again and again that big companies ruin once there is a change in power at centre or state. People don’t hesitate to do political vendetta crossing any limits. It won’t be surprising Amazon falls prey to this practices.Attribute 4: Unlike other parts of the world, ego plays a vital role in shaping the personality of Indians. There are ample instances where dear ones are dejected just to satisfy ego, with hefty financial sacrifices. Enough of attributes. Let us put some search light through corridors of Amazon’s functioning in India. Unhappy sellers : Amazon makes majority of sellers unhappy in India. I have talked personally to more than 30–40 big sellers. All have same opinion. They have very indifferent attitude towards sellers. Despite having high profile machinery and huge man force and automated services, many times they fail massively in making their sellers unhappy. Hefty FBA charges : In small items such as books, fulfilment by amazon (FBA) charges are quite high. As a result, many of the regional languages book never ever see the face of Amazon. There is a possibility of some cynical political person sees some opportunity here and files a chargesheet on Amazon of killing regional language by not allowing space in e-commerce. Either Amazon would be forced to reduce the charges or find some alternatives. I don’t find any reason why a book lover won’t be interested to wait for 1 more day to get the books through normal shipping in India. Same day delivery practices in India, where there are a lots of logistics and infrastructure issues cannot be ruled out, would definitely force companies like Amazon to default in multiple instances. All the defaults can be clubbed together to make the case study big enough to file against Amazon. Flawed review practices : Amazon review processes are terribly skewed in favour of Amazon’s sponsored product. It is just a matter of time, when some agencies do some clinical litmus test on Amazon’s practice and expose them completely.Sponsored products : Amazon’s sponsored product has lot of loopholes and tries to fool even sellers. e.g. The adds will be shown to the person who paid for the add and amount will be deducted based on CPC model. Thanks to google’s chrome and Amazon. Both must be sharing the data or a special way of data stealing might be happing from systems.Unnecessary Add budgets : In order to capture Indian market, Amazon has been spending huge money on adds. Many of the TV channels fake viewership no and ask more money than they deserve. Since Amazon has lots of money from people, it does not hesitate to spend as many as they can.Too many things at same time: In stead of making some product robust and full proof, Amazon keeps investing in new products. They are in a mission to capture world just like the great Alexander. But the great man also failed in India, while underestimating the variance of IndianControl over rating systems: If you analyse Amazon take overs, they have almost taken over all big rating agencies starting from Alexa, IMDB, goodreads and many more and try to influence the product. I don’t know whether there are unfair practices over here, but seeing Amazon’s hostile takeover and unfair practices, the probability can not be ruled out.Arrogant behaviour: Two years back, when I was talking to Amazon customer service executive, they were very polite, but these days things have completely reversed. The potential reason could be the employees started believing they are too big to fail. I remember the day when I joined a company called EDS(electronic data system). That time it was fortune 80 company and there was absolutely no work. I left after few months of joining. I gave reason for exit as lack of work. My manager burst into laugh. Manager : You are getting four course meal from five star hotel. Travel is taken care by company and you work in fortune 80 company with good salary. What else you require in life.Me: I feel the company won’t survive more than 15 years with this model as the basics are not clear.Manager: You have gone crazy, as no fortune 100 companies ever died in 15 years. Rest all was history. EDS did some bad take overs, they were not having lots of savings and were not prepared for crisis and finally it was sold to HP. Eventually EDS helped HP, which was a fortune 30 company to incur losses and later divided into multiple parts.Possible cases how Amazon can fail in India.Amazon keeps on buying e-commerce companies, every passing day a new company is born supported by black money. Amazon is tired of fake acquisitions after lots of spending.Amazon has entered into food segment. Once small quality mistake can create a big havoc of generating nationalistic campaign to run against Amazon. All those people who wants to get benefitted, might join hands. One such instances, will create more opportunity and eventual exit due to heavy investors pressure.Amazon is killing the local intellectual market by stopping regional books online, as the cost incurred in distributing through Amazon is quite high. Indians value a lot for education and feel proud while preserving the culture. Indians would not eat, but would definitely love to see their children see big schools. Probably only country in the world who behaves this way. That is the reason education is over $100B business in India. If some campaign is run as anti-India against Amazon, it will take very short time to close Amazon out of India.Right to information and Right to privacy have lots of tentacles, which can be used or misused against unethical practices of Amazon.While entering food segment and entertainment segments, Amazon would be pumping in lots of money as it will be competing with companies like Reliance, UTV, Eros etc. The journey won’t be as easy as competing with Flipkart. Probability will be higher in favour of failure.If there is coalition government at centre, God help the big A. The amount of money that might be pumped into, will force the same year exit from India.There are no substantial examples that any business house running for losses or lack of profit has been able to sustain in long run. Amazon has been without profit for almost since inception, but it was majorly operational in country like US, the country which gave world many economic bubble like dot.com, sub prime crisis etc, where a economy can sustain even debt to GDP ratio is close to 100%. But in changing economic scenario, that model does not hold good. The functioning of Amazon is nothing less than e-commerce version of sub-prime crises, where the company believes that after they capture the complete market they will raise the price. But that instances will never happen in India. The day it is tried, there will either be multiple new companies floated, or public outrage or government interference. All in all these possible cases Amazon would fail in India.

“CSR, Skill India, Make in India & Women Empowerment All- In-One”
 Trupti Paikaray  
 13 March 2018  

We have been growing up watching our country always standing at the receiving end, almost all the time as a receiver of grants, funds given by the ‘developed countries’. India is always highlighted as a growing and developing country, in various debates and discussions and we must appreciate the efforts of the foreign & other outside investors for investing in our country & to co-operate us in a major way. But, in this entire process, we forget our potentials, acumen, strength, and abilities to stand apart to be equipped enough to make our country a developed country. It pinches a lot when for getting funds, the true and dismal picture of our country gets Instagrammed and much twitting about us in the international forums & many security facts gets leaked in the name of information and database sharing. But now, we can say it confidently that ‘yes’, we can be “Independently Independent Country”. India is much more prepared for the successful implementation of Skill development and Make in India programs. At the other side, the governance rules, regulations, and policies are on the progressive lines, one of them being Corporate Social Responsibility provisions in the Companies Act.It is a matter of fact that the new provisions of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the Companies Act will increase the level of CSR giving in India and therefore opportunities to improve social indicators. Everything has come up with a perfect timing as a complete package or as a bonanza. While our economy is heading towards manufacturing and services sectors, it’s high-time to look forward and seeing the demand that we can create for more skilled manpower. We have a varied of skill sets that can be explored to cater skill needs of different sectors. There is a wide range of skills that can be picked up, honed & nurtured for meeting the big gaps in the skilling sectors. There are so many sectors and sub-sectors like retail, Instrumentation Automation Surveillance & Communication, IT-ITeS, Media, Healthcare, gems & jewelry, Telecom, Electronics and hardware, BFSI, Beauty and wellness and many more new and upcoming sectors that needs special skilling attention to create a more potential workforce. The big CSR giants are going to play the significant roles in revamping and reorganizing our economy. A concrete PPP mode of implementation is the need of the hour and the CSR contribution towards Skill India and Make in India can yield huge success. At the same time, women based skill development programmes will give it an extra mileage towards achieving women empowerment along with revenue generation and economic enhancement. On this Women’s Day it should be added to the work agenda of the CSR projects and then it will be the best Women’s Day gift to the poor, downtrodden and all the struggling women and above all to the society. Skilling initiatives can ensure the employability among the youths, women and it can produce more skilled manpower to cater the need of various sectors, and it can create more entrepreneurs, sociopreneurs, and more job creations and can face-lift our country’s economy. We can use the metaphor that India will be a “What not skill store” or “A-Z skill Hub” and it will create scope for different countries to expand their business, there will be more trade and commerce with different parts of the globe which will expand our economic horizon. Skilling Initiatives can make maximum utilization of the human resources, proper skill development training can be imparted to physically challenged, people having conflict with law or the jail inmates, unemployed youths, women etc. so that they can be productive for the society and can be independent as well as can contribute towards country’s economic growth. But it’s impossible without the CSR participation. Since “International Women’s Day” is ahead, on this occasion and to make it more meaningful, CSR, Skill India and Make India campaign should take “Women Empowerment” as a mission and all these things should be combined together for a dynamic social change.Skill Development and Startups initiatives can be linked together for a better output as the youths are taking startups as alternatives to the employment. It can facilitate the job creation or employment generation process in our country by attracting the investors, funders. Our existing companies and industries should go ahead with more expansion ideas and facilities so that they can absorb more and more skilled manpower both towards revenue generation and job creation. Similarly, new companies, industries must come up with new ventures to make the “Make in India Campaign” a huge success. Attitude is the next priority and we must come out of the traditional pattern of skill development initiatives and why only some handpicked sectors, we must be very open to accept and create new sectors & new areas of skilling must be explored and taken up. It will help us to go ahead in the race of development, it will be the hub of economy, our money will be circulated and retained within our country and it will move in a spiral process. It will create more scope for economic growth, our people will be employed, our people will be able to earn more, pay more, spend more, there will be true socio-economic development. A day will come when our NGOs will be self-sustainable by creating their own funding, our Investors will be invited to international forums for investment in those countries, in the same manner, we are trying to draw the attention of the external investors. We will be called the citizens of such a powerful, developed and economically empowered country India.

Book Review: Kansa: (Book 1 – The Killer Trilogy) The Professor Black Series – Prassant Kevin
 Kiran Kumar Adharapuram  
 27 March 2018  

Blurb:OVER A SPAN OF TEN YEARS, HE KILLED FORTY PREGNANT WOMEN AND THEN VANISHED WITHOUT A TRACE. AFTER FIVE YEARS OF SILENCE, HE IS BACK AGAIN, SEEKING HIS NEXT VICTIM. ONLY ONE MAN CAN STOP HIM – PROFESSOR BLACK.Maher was found unconscious in the middle of the highway and later, in the hospital, she revealed that she had escaped from a killer’s house. All the details and patterns matched the serial killer ‘Kansa,’ who had disappeared five years ago after murdering forty pregnant women. ACP Saargi Desai was assigned to the case. She appealed to her department to bring back Professor Black to help her catch the killer. The Professor, who had a haunting past that had kept him away from the world of crime and investigation for several years, was not willing to take on this case. But the ACP managed to convince him to get on board just for this one last time. Soon after agreeing to help, the Professor realized that for the first time in his life, he had met his match. As he dug deeper into the case, everything got dirtier, the stakes went higher, and nothing was what it seemed.Intrigue:‘Kansa’ is the First book of ‘The Killer trilogy’ series by Prassant Kevin. The book narration starts with a couple who are traveling back after marriage at Corbett, whose car met with an accident, which rans out on Meher who is an escaped victim from KaNsa. The story grips with “ACP Saargi Desai” who suspects the impression of serial killer Kansa, who seeks help of a alcoholic, drug addict, womanizer yet criminology expert “Professor Black” to break this killing mystery of forty pregnant women and their babies.Not to further be a spoiler, this book answers the questions:Who is kaNsa?Why is the motive of killing pregnant women and their babies?Did ACP and Professor could break this mystery ?How Meher escaped from killer clutches ?To know yourself, read this crime thriller kaNsa. My Review:To start off , the book cover is damn awesome specially the EMBOSED title, the background picture and fine quality paper with bigger font which is handy makes happy to carry. It was one of the most awaited crime thrillers, the pace of book is very good and you will not find yourself bored at any point and a perfect nail biter.Book starts with a hidden message, a second of driving negligence needs more pay off and in other way that paves a great start as clue to find the serial killer, “There is no one either good or bad, but circumstances make them so” , one of the best thing in kaNsa is the story is written and narrated in third person point of view. writing style is pretty clear, decent content and has minimal grammatical errors, can be ignored in interest of plot. The narration was so perfect, I can feel those come before my eyes when I am reading the book (may be due to midnight read)At few places due to suspect and mysterious nature, readers will literally experience chills in their spine (sweet warning), this book pulled me from love and romance to crime and suspense genre ( I stacked three already) ,title kaNsa and story progress makes the keen readers feels the mythological impression in the intrigue.Below few unanswered questions made me to go with a star less:1. Professor Black family ?2. Logical or medical reason to kill pregnant women3. The necklace4. Two pictures of of three by Meher5. Annu Kesharwani, white rabbit6. Exact male who torture and kill pregnant women7. Arjun involvement in crimeLooking forward for Book:2 in this trilogy series,overall kaNsa turns out to be a perfect crime thriller, with decent story-line,well narrated, fit to screen-played, minor grammatical errors, nail biting page turner. Even the last page has an amazing twist that paves a thought for the upcoming one. kaNsa serves as reference for “Criminology” enthusiastLink:KaNsaRegardsKiran K Adharpuram

SIGHT and ACTION.
 Gunika Grover  
 28 March 2018  

Maps And Mother Goddesses in Modern India”,Imago Mundi, Vol 53 pp. 97-11by Sumathy Ramaswamy; “Death of a Kotwal”, The Caste Question pp.241-264 by Anupama RaoThe scales of shapes and skills remain balanced so long there is a constant urge to take action through acts and thoughts. Borrowing evidences from the texts from The Death of A Kotwal and Maps and Mother Goddesses of India, this paper argues how bodies produce knowledge. It lurks around the former where an innocent Kotwal is bludgeoned to death and the latter provides for a bodyscape which helped unite India. This paper reflects how irrespective of the existence of materials, constant interactions in the society can lead to formation of perceptions and abstractions. NON LIVING PARTICIPATION IN ACTIONBodies are known to be the hub for interactions and debates. Apart from their physical realities, in a rut to fight and provide evidence, humans intensify the meaning of the non-existential bodies to make them exist. Rao, in her paper explains the helplessness of the family and the Dalit community after Sawane’s virtual corpse is put under the eyes of the law. The case expedites when it is scrutinized deeply and Rao mentions, “The addition of the PCR Act’s Section 3(x)was mandatory and signaled that the case merited extra care as an atrocity”(243). The idea of the investigation of a dead body by another body in power(legislation) sensationalized the tiff in hand.This case was chalked out as an exception from all of the Anti-Dalit discriminations, because of its gruesome severity. Ramaswamy supporting this argument in her essasy argues reflects how soma (body) of a woman can be utilized for representing a map, to awaken the depressed patriots of India. She says, “These gendered bodyscapes also enable the viewing of the nation’s territory possessively, even pleasurably”(109). Considering maps of margins and boundaries incapable of provocation of any belongingness, she intensifies the need and power of embodiment. Such bodyscapes hence acted like moderators between different ideologies to brew a collective revolution.Man’s constant attempt to question and frame an individual to gain attention has made his instinct for differing between the real and unreal blind. The once real, body of the Kotwal and the virtual Mother India, both created by man are not hotplate for discussion and representations.STRUCTURES TO ABSTRACTIONSBodies are meant to provide a structure and materialize the abstractions. However their state of living existence may be, bodies never cease to engender knowledge and awareness. When put under a magnifying glass of human perceptions, one views different from the other. Rao expresses how the location of the village was harmless yet a catastrophe occurred. As the case progressed it was found out that apart from being Dalit and follower of Ambedkar, he was also the gate keeper for his area. Rao writes, “Living outside the village boundaries, the mahar veskar is the outsider figure who protects the integrity of the village social unit” (258). Sawane wasn’t only a material body, but upon his death,a lot of humanity and responsibilities failed which remained unnoticed.Sumathy Ramaswamy too expresses how blank cartographical representations of their progressing nation once looked at differently, livened up. The body of the mother goddess as a map now, calls for national urge to freedom. She writes “They invite the citizen subject who gazes upon them to relate the nation not as some abstract, dead geographical space but as a near and dear person, his personal goddess, his vulnerable mother, even a beloved lover “(110). One couldn’t have imagined the power of abstract images with bodies to shake the restlessness in the nation and make them aware about their surroundings. These perceptions help build studies of knowledge and emotion amongst people who are witnessing the action. Hence to attain the key of all the knowledge of interest from a body, one must seep through all the roots of the body and decipher all its actions and emotions it represent for others before making quick judgments. It is only then when our deductions will surpass the normal overview of bodies, that we will take a leap into the world of actual reality.KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGES ON THE BASIS OF PERCEPTIONSCo-existing with other humans in the universe leads to various perceptions and ideas to be built around the body. The way he moves, his actions, his speech, all comes into consideration when there is an observer or listener who symbolizes his being with respect to own life. On one hand, Rao reflects the importance of politics in the society, on the other,Ramaswamy talks about the status of the female community through her work. The latter writes on behalf of many and says “feminist geographers have suggested that the conception of the nation as cartographically female enables a ‘masculinist’ relationship to the place”(109).In their purview, such kind of bodyscaping was centralized so men could join arms and perform righteous duties towards the vulnerable mother nation. On a similar note, Rao reflects how ideas taken from the perception of Dalit communities and Ambedkar’s role as a political leader helped shape the judgment. She resounds the case progressions and says, “Kharkov distinguished two forms of phenomenal violence: new violent caste social displayed in conflict around Ambedkar statue and retaliatory counter violence that reinstated Dalits’ stigmatized status” (255). This knowledge became crucial in understanding and refining the position of the Dalit kotwal and his ambition of constructing a statue of Ambedkar. The distress of the Dalit community and their political representative from the past, would not have come under notice if there was no action amidst communities. The analysis that came in effect after continuous actions and perceptions made in societies would not have been produced without the continuous expulsion of knowledge from the bodies. It is due to such their status in the society and such symbolic representations, that we can extrapolate their relationships and achievements in the past.Humans, often involuntarily make decisions keeping in mind other people’s existence in their life and their effects. As goes their anatomy, knowledge can never be separated alone from the way they occupy space. This space however need not be tangible or visible, for what matters more is the influence created by it. By their own will, the bodies spout a river of emotions and actions in due course of their life. As they interact, the by products become adaptable and appreciable by the people over who he has the influence. Now this influence can be used to target a set of people or a notion, it can be used as a boon or a bay, or a tool or weapon. These assumptions about perceptions, extraction of reality from abstractions too are caused by an exchange in ideas and thoughts over time in space. Hence so I believe that bodies are more than occupants of the earth, they exceed their limits and become unique walls of creative knowledge. 

He,who uses humanity to justify His sins.
 Gunika Grover  
 31 March 2018  

To help further understand, analyse these.Charles Siebert, “An Elephant Crackup”. The New York Times Magazine. 8th October 2006, 1-19Anupama Rao, “Death of a Kotwal: The Violence of Recognition.” In The Caste Question: Dalits and the Politics of Modern India, Anupama Rao, University of California Press,241-264. Man is in the forever need to make himself advanced and supreme. In a rut to reach the top of his own and exceed others’ capacity, varied levels of living are created. The greedy supreme Man reaches the Elite level, while the other exceptional humans and non-humans fall at the subaltern specie level. This paper argues how when these Elite humans, subject to disruption over the subordinate, find humanity those groups to justify their heinous acts. By attributing and hence destroying affection,empathy, courage and other similar key features to the subalterns, humans try to shift the blame of being the cruel and corrupt over to them. Coexistence of individuals in any group of the living leads to a natural bond of affection and connectivity. Owing to the constant greed of Man to advance, He takes it upon himself, to intervene in the subaltern lifestyle and produce disharmony to reach the top. Siebert in his essay confirms how animals are most comfortable in their natural habitat and admonish any kind of trespassing. He claims that, “Elephants, when left to their own devices, are profoundly social creatures”(5). Their intricately organized community is a symbol of compassion; a common characteristic of the humane. After considering this, the Man gets an instinct to steal such a trait common to him from any specie which is unknown. Upon action, he goes as far as redeveloping their habitats and lifestyle. And hence a sudden challenge of disbalance is created. He indulges in a series of gruesome acts such as hunting, poaching and culling to extract resources off of the non Human, and thereby extracting the humanity off of them. Upon disruption, elephants too rumble in protest. In a maze on who should reach the top, be free and unique, the companionship is lost. Rao expels similar ideas and expresses how exertion of power by the the ones in authority and rule over a minority group renders discontent and division in a unified community. She reflects the incident and writes, “In fact they were dependent on Ambadas. With the entry of the Shiv Sena two years ago , the first seeds of discord were sown.” (252). The community which had recognized representatives and leaders collectively, was now to be in a state of separated opinions because Man in power imposed himself to disturb a tranquil habitat. The police and press, even after submission of members of the Elite party who were thought to be the convicts of Sawane’s murder, the meek humans didn’t settle for the punishment but encouraged further investigation. This act of refusal to admit defeat and crime committed plants seeds in the hearts of the natives from the subaltern to quit their humanity and battle the Human-Monster. Where in both the cases, the Elite Human intervention was out of greed and power, the distortion created rendered the Dalit’s powerless and elephants in pain. In an attempt to make the world rosy for existence where Man leads, he paints the universe with colours of dissatisfaction and disbelief.In the world where survival of the fittest runs parallely across species, when Man subjugates, he also invokes the emotion of liberation. Humans, owing to their intelligence and constant greed for power and knowledge have called up for a battle from many species unlike his. In Siebert’s essay one can witness a history of disturbance caused by man in the world of elephants. He writes, “It is not leaving without making some kind of statement, one to which scientists from a variety of disciplines,including human psychology,are now beginning to pay close attention”(3). In the need to justify his acts of cruelty and show domination, He attributes a sense of bravery and courage to the rogue species but diminishes their struggle infront of himself. While practicing another selfish act, of creating priviledges for self and obscuring others, the human race dissects on the basis of caste. By introducing differentiated humans, Dalits, form the subaltern group which revolts against the Upper castes, the superiors further impose authority over them. Rao realizes this difference and remarks, “However the resilience of everyday practices of stigmatization also conditions Dalits’ continued quest for social justice and dignity”(263). On one hand where social stigmas are created within this segregated society, there is still an ongoing revolt to attain equity with the Upper Caste Humans. When the media, the legislation, the judiciary see the uneasiness of living caused to Dalits and asserts politics into it, the Hindus reward it by calling it a courageous monotonous deed and a part of their lifestyle. Thereby signifying that the atrocities are nothing but a similar humane act which they are bound to deal with. After interfering with these subaltern groups and categorizing their actions as a testimony of the struggle to regain their individuality, the Man belittles their movements and produces the need to explore these species through his eyes of humanity.In order to upgrade their behaviors and functions, the Humans wish to understand other species and create an environment of empathy to gain their trust. This need to gain belief stems from spheres of the subordinate groups when they are disrupted by the Human intervention. Anupama Rao expounds on the Kotwal murder case by sharing the impact created by various findings gathered and reported by institutions. In reality, where the elites formed the face of the state and recognized it as ‘progressive’, they themselves gave birth to caste and encouraged discrimination. Rao expresses the urgent upheaval caused and says, “On September 6, the DIGP and the PCR Cell in Bombay demanded that special police officers be sent to investigate untouchability in the villages mentioned in the Maharashtra Times and Times of India articles” (251). Close investigations were then to be charged as a classic way of repenting the wrong done by the authoritarian humans to create a sense of understanding in the minds of the aggrieved specie. At times in order to make themselves more involved with other species, humans prove themselves to be in the same shoes as others. Siebert after having conversed with Abe reaffirms, ““Elephants are suffering and behaving in the same ways that we recognize in ourselves as a result of violence,”she told me”(8). By recognizing an emotion as strong as violence and equating this feeling in their lifestyle, Humans empathize with the elephants to realize their(elephant’s) individuality in relation to themselves. However the cause and effect of disruption maybe, Man declares self to have dealt with same. After perturbing the non animal’s to the animal’s peaceful lifestyle,empathy shown in relation to their own makes up a successful defensive measure against the barbarism caused.In this ever evolving cosmos, peaceful survival of different species of living beings has taken a backseat. Where species apart from the Elite race unknowingly reflect traits of humanity, Man has learned to extract these subalterns away from traits personal to his. To achieve this, he adopts a series of tasks of ignorance, intervention, destruction and further violence which make the subaltern species ultimately either give in to acceptance or lose their space of existence on this planet. At the summit of this volcano still, Man stands waving his flag of repentance and justification. He started the war and never lets anyone contest or win. With others’ hands tied and his limbs free, the monstrous volcano of humanity erupts. Now he waves the flag for peace.  

World Health Day
 Suraj Kumar  
 2 April 2018  

World health dayThe World Health Day is celebrated on 7th of April every year. This day is celebrated for awareness of the global health. The World Health Day is been the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other related organizations.The World Health Organization (WHO) has there theme, slogan and hashtag for their organization are:Theme for World Health Day is: Universal health coverage: everyone, everywhere The slogan is: “Health for All”. The primary hashtag that we are using is : #HealthForAll but look out for posts using #WorldHealthDay as well. The World Health Organization held the First World Health Assembly in the year 1948. The Assembly decided to celebrate 7 April of each year, with effect from 1950 after 2 years, as the World Health Day. World Health Day is acknowledged by various governments and non-governmental organizations with interests in public health issues, who also organize activities and highlight their support in media reports, such as the Global Health Council. The World Health organizes decided a particular theme for the international, regional and local events on this Day. They have the different theme every year related to their aspect. If we talk about the theme of the World Health Day then we have numbers of year passed with the different theme for the world. Every theme is related to securing your health with different problems. We are celebrating World Health Organization since 1948 till now, long 70 years. Recent themes that are been taken for this day they are; in the year 2014 the theme was taken on the disease Vector-borne meaning of this was a small bite, big threat. In the year 2015, the theme was taken Food safety so that people could eat healthy food. In the year 2016, the theme was taken Halt the rise, this was related to beat diabetes. a largely preventable and treatable non-communicable disease that is rapidly increasing in numbers in many countries, most dramatically in low- and middle-income countries. Simple lifestyle measures have been shown to be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes, including maintaining normal body weight, engaging in the regular physical activity, and eating a healthy diet. Diabetes can be controlled and managed to prevent complications through diagnosis, self-management education, and affordable treatment. The WHO estimates about 422 million people in the world have diabetes, with the disease the direct cause of some 1.5 million deaths. The goals of WHD 2016 are scaled up prevention, strengthen care, and enhance surveillance. In the year 2017 the theme was taken Depression: Let's talk because the condition affects people of all ages, from all walks of life, in all countries. It impacts on people’s ability to carry out everyday tasks, with consequences for families, friends, and even communities, workplaces, and health care systems. At worst, depression can lead to self-inflicted injury and suicide. A better understanding of depression – which can be prevented and treated – will help reduce the stigma associated with the illness, and lead to more people seeking help. Talking about the upcoming World Heath Day the theme has been decided is Universal Health Coverage. This topic has been taken so that they could cover all different type of problem of the people. The World Health Organization was founded on the principle that all people should be able to realize their rights to the highest possible level of health.“Health for all” has therefore been our guiding from 70 years. It’s also the impetus behind the current organization wide drive to support countries in moving towards the Universal Health Coverage (UHC). The organization will maintain a high profile focus on (UHC) events through 2018, starting on the World Health Day on 7th of April with global and local conversations about ways to archive health for all.So it has been decided that in this 70th anniversary year, World Health Organization is calling on the world leaders to live up to the pledges they made when they agreed on the Sustainable Development Goals in the year 2015, and commit to concrete steps to advance the health of all people. This means ensuring that everyone, everywhere can access essential quality health services without facing financial hardship. Experience has illustrated, time and again, that Universal Health Coverage is achieved when political will is strong. Throughout 2018, we aim to inspire UHC stakeholders to make commitments towards UHC by highlighting policymakers’ power to transform the health of their nation, framing the challenges as exciting and ambitious, and inviting them to be part of the change.Throughout 2018, we aim to Motivate UHC stakeholders to make commitments towards UHC by sharing examples of how countries are already progressing towards UHC and encourage others to find their own path.Throughout 2018, we aim to Guide UHC stakeholders to make commitments towards UHC by providing tools for structured policy dialogue on how to advance UHC domestically or supporting such efforts in other countries. If we talk about some of the countries have already made significant progress towards universal health coverage. But half of the world’s population is still unable to obtain the health services they need. If countries are to achieve the decided target, then one billion people need more to benefit from UHC by 2023.this is the achievement target year has been decided by the UHC.World Health Day will shine a spotlight on the need for UHC and the advantages it can bring. WHO and its partners will share examples of the steps to take to get there through a series of events and conversations held at multiple levels. As it has been said by the Director General “No one should have to choose between death and financial hardship. No one should have to choose between buying medicine and buying food.”Every people do not know that why this universal health day coverage matters for our countries? It is because the country that invites in UHC marks a sound investment in their human capital. In the recent years, UHC has emerged as a key strategy to make progress towards other health-related and border development goals. Access to essential quality care and financial protection not only enhance people’s health and life expectancy, it also protects countries from epidemics, reduces poverty and the risk of hunger, creates jobs, drives economic growth and enhances gender equality.Do everyone know that why World Health Day is been celebrated? World Health Day celebration focuses on increasing the life expectancy by adding good health to the lives of people and promoting healthier living habits. Youths of the new era are also targeted by this event to prevent and make them healthy to make the world healthy and free from AIDS and HIV.Disease spreading vectors like mosquitoes (malaria, dengue fever, filaria, chikungunya, yellow fever and etc), ticks, bugs, sand flies, snails and etc are also spotlighted by the WHO to make the world free from a wide range of diseases caused by parasites and pathogens. It provides better prevention and cure from the vector-borne diseases spread by vectors and travelers from one country to other. WHO supports various health authorities on global basis to make their own efforts for the public health problems to enhance better life without different diseases.It is generally done for the increase the public awareness of various causes and prevention of high blood pressure. So that they could give knowledge of getting prevented from various diseases and their complications. For encouraging the most vulnerable group of people to frequently check their blood pressure and follow medications from the professionals. The promotion of the self care among people. Motivate are the most important for the worldwide health authorities to make their own efforts in creating the healthy environments in their country. The protections of the families living in the disease vulnerable areas is necessary.We all celebrate World Health Day for our development of the body so that we could live healthy and safe life. So let’s celebrate World Health Day on 7th of April.   

Awaiting for change - Daughter in law
 Harsha Darji  
 10 April 2018  

Daughter in law is said to be laxmi, but still they disrespect her, ill-treat her, does not give space to live or survive & wants her to be perfect in everything from the day one. Every hour its difficult for her to survive coz every hour ppl keep finding faults in her. Just look at yourself, you ppl must be in your 30’s, 40’s & 50’s are you perfect in all aspects. Don’t you make mistakes; don’t you see faults within yourself??? After all she is also a human; she has left her family and has come at in laws place. Make her feel homely & comfortable, make her feel that she is at right place, where she need not to worry. She would get more love & care that she used to get from her parents. If you don’t like that someone disrespect you, than do not misbehave with her. If you treat her with love & affection, you would get more love in returns. Relationship does not mean that daughter in law needs to change herself completely & you ppl still remain the same. Let her be herself. Togetherness brings more improvements instead of pointing her & finding mistakes in each & everything that she does. We are living in 21st century & still if you think woman are only here to do household chores than there is no illiterate person like you though being educated.  There is an old saying “As you sow, so shall you reap”. If this is how you would behave with your daughter in law, than what lessons who would leave behind for your grandson, granddaughter & upcoming generation. She takes all the little initiative to make her husband & her family happy, she has not cooked before, but she is learning, she has not done house hold work, but still she is managing. Appreciate her little efforts & if you can’t appreciate than stop finding faults in her. Each one should take initiatie to improve relationship & make it healthier instead of complaining & arguing with each other, coz all needs the improvement, not only your Daughter in law. #smblogcontest

English Vinglish - A mania or a Phobia
 Harsha Darji  
 12 April 2018  

"Hindi Medium" ufff !!! this is rarely heard now a days. Ten to Fifteen years back we often heard parents saying that my child is studying in Hindi medium, Gujarati medium, Marathi medium, govt schools etc & they were comfortable enough to accept that their child is pursuing education in their local language. Studying in Mother tongue was consider as pride for the family years back, but now the picture of the entire education system has changed. English has become so mandatory, that the entire education system has being corrupted & has become a business. To seek admission in reputed school has become dreams for many & out of budget for the middle class family. Parents has to pass through high & lows to meet the demands of the luxurious school, coz it has created a mindset that child will not have good career & life if he/she does not study in convent schools or reputed english medium schools. children coming from the lower middle class family pass through mental depression if fees are not paid on time, money not given for extra curriculum activities or any development activities of such convent & luxuries school. Children are being tortured to such an extent that they do not want to go to school. Apart from school even Coaching classes has become business. Parents need to put their children in good coaching class or study center as well, which is equally costly as schools. I still do not understand, if parents are spending huge amount on school education, than why there is need for coaching class ???? The worst part is even after spending huge amount on both, children are still deprived of real education which means practical education instead of theoretical. Students mug up everything & vomit the same during exams, scores good, but forgets what he/she has learnt as years pass by. The govt schools are in such a bad shape, that the govt itself does not want to change their education system & way of learning. The govt schools are meant for poor this is the taboo that we have for it. The education given here is even more poor that students even cannot complain, neither parents can. If govt is funding to run the government school, than standard of education should be followed, the teacher should be monitored & audits should be conducted, so that education of these schools can be up to the mark, & all the schools whether private of govt are on same page. In fact, fees, education quality, all round development of child etc everything should on same page irrespective of private or govt school. Govt should take initiative to control fees hike & should standardize fees structure so that its affordable for parents & can give them a sigh of relief on their children education. Donations should be strictly stopped & legal action must be taken & must cancel the licences of such schools. Even in corporate world people give so much emphasis on communicating in English that good employees who really work up to the mark stay where they are & someone only with good English seeks promotion. Countries like Singapore, China, Hongkong, Macau & many more uses only their local language to communicate & even the software used are also in their local language. I do not think English is only life, yes is good to talk in English, but one should be comfortable in talking in their local language & should not be felt ashamed even if he/she is different in that crowd. I have seen people making fun of those who often make mistake while talking in English or has incorrect accent, grammar, pronunciation etc. Apart from this yes even though studying in English medium we often fear while going for an interview or writing emails, attending presentations, etc coz we fear of being laughed or criticized by others. English has created fear phobia & we often fail & feel helpless in our personal,social & professional life. Sad but Slowly we all have adopted this English speaking culture, etiquette, life style, way of talking & behaving, that we has lost real I, me & Myself in this RACE & have lost being our-self. Let's keep it simple, let it be any medium, but system of education should be same, standard, affordable, acceptable, and must have bright future for our upcoming generation, society & the nation. Language should not become hurdle in personal & professional life. I have just tried to highlight the painful struggles that parents go through for seeking admission in school, colleges, universities etc for their children. The system requires uniformity in laws & transformation to eradicate corruption & business out of our education system. #smblogcontest 

Everything you need to know about Prabhat Ranjan
 StoryMirror Feed  
 14 April 2018  

Prabhat Ranjan is a Hindi novelist from Bihar. He entered the writing scene with his debutnovel With You; Without You in the winter of 2017 and since the launch of his debut novel,his popularity as an author has only reached new heights.A less talkative person, Prabhat Ranjan comes from a family with a political background andhis father is a senior politician. An engineer by profession, Prabhat has been writing shortstories and poems way before he finally decided to enter the field of writing formally with afull-length fiction. Nevertheless, as an engineer, Prabhat did not let himself be aloof ofliterature - he is a serious reader as well as a serious author and he wants to contributemore and more with his pen.Already finished his second novel, Prabhat Ranjan's writing style is very different from otherfiction writers out there. He has uniqueness! His writings are not only meant to create abestselling fiction; he has his purposes in every word he writes. Even with the first novel,which subsequently became a bestseller, he had a very good message to deliver to the reading audience. The novel is not only about love and friendship, it is also about the depths of relationships. With You; Without You shares a message with the readers that the need of family and the need of good company in life can never be substituted with anything!To put things in a better perspective, Prabhat is from that old school of writers with hisimagination not limited to a certain theme or story. He does write with the purpose but hedoes not limit himself to write only the moral stories which seem like a preacher's sermon;his stories do have the elements which make them contemporary and offer the youngreaders something to relate to.In developing characters, Prabhat does have a speciality! In his first novel, he has proved tothe readers as well as to critics that his characterisation is unique and he gives ampleopportunity to his characters to converse, indulge, move on and eventually change. In thevery first novel, his character Nishind has impressed the readers a lot. The character ofNishind is designed in such a way that readers know he might be doing something wrongbut instead of denouncing his acts, readers develop a kind of sympathy for him. This is thebeauty of his character. Another character that impresses the readers is of Rashmi Desai -an independent working woman who braves the bad relations of her parents and the wrongdeeds of her friends but still manages to fulfil her dreams and reach the heights that she hasimagined for herself in the very childhood.In the terms of plot construction, nonetheless, the readers can surely expect somethingbetter only. As the author has himself admitted in many of his interviews, With You;Without You was just a staircase that he has used for himself to write something bigger - hisupcoming story, Priyanka - A Pakistani Girl. Therefore, the plot in his first novel does notimpress as does his story or his characterisation. Still, his plot is there to certainly be calledgood and it helps the construct of the novel; it surely holds the story and the characterstogether but can certainly be improved to betterment.Putting Prabhat Ranjan's entry into Hindi literature in a larger perspective certainly gives thereaders something new as a concept of Hindi literature. More and more young and energetic writers are coming who are willing to write in Hindi and offer the readers the works which deal with the issues other authors, in the past, did not wish to write. Prabhat's dealing with the issues like sex, love, divorce, family issues in vivid perspective is certainly new and encouraging for the overall contemporary Hindi literature. One can certainly argue that there were the authors who wrote on all these issues, but one must remember that they did not write as freely as the modern authors are doing. And it is certainly very good because of the modern readers want to read everything!And to conclude the contribution of Prabhat to Hindi literature and his current one, WIthYou; Without You, it can safely be said that he has a long road to go. Only after two of threemore of his works, a person will be in better position to judge him as an author and evaluatehis skills at writing. Nonetheless, assumptions can certainly be made based on his novelwhich has already been published and has become a bestseller! The debutants who becomebestsellers certainly require a scrutiny and one similar attempt has been made here. Wehope that we will soon have another book by Prabhat Ranjan to read!

HISTORY OF CHIKANKARI
 Preeti Tal  
 29 June 2018  

origin of chikankari

Data Mining: 5Ws and 1H
 Suchismita Sahu  
 16 July 2018  

Data Mining

Fever Pitch
 ........... ............  
 10 August 2018  

Life of a true Football Fan

Artma Ventures: The World of Digital Art
 StoryMirror Feed  
 21 October 2018  
Art

StoryMirror interviewed Mr. Venkatesh from Artma Ventures and here is what he had to say about his venture:Q. Tell us about you and your background.I come from a tiny town in West Bengal called Kharagpur. Mine is a typical working middle-class family. I was good at Math and the obvious career choice for me was Engineer or so I thought. I worked for 3 years in a chemical company as an electrical engineer and absolutely detested it. In order to change fields, I chose MBA as an option. I went to IIM Kozhikode to study Marketing and Strategy which, I feel, have been 2 of the most enriching years of my life. Q. What is your greatest passion?I have always been passionate about creating things. If I have spare time, I’m either creating some form of art or learning a new technique to better my craft. It is fascinating to me that one can conjure up things and put them out in the world for others to enjoy, critique and ponder over. I’ve tried a lot of things from clay animation to video editing. My first love, however, is painting. I trained under Rabindra Bharathi University in West Bengal for almost a decade in fine arts. I have always dreamt of being an artist and that dream is slowly becoming a reality. I wish to bring smiles and happiness to people through my work and knowing that someone appreciates my work so much that they want to make it part of their life is a kind of fulfillment that I don’t get from anything else. I will continue to create and, in the process, try to bring joy to people around me. I have big plans but let’s keep it for some other time , for now, I just want to paint. Q. We understand you do digital art. How and why did you start painting digitally? Is it easier compared to drawing on the physical medium?In 2010 while I was pursuing engineering, I accidentally discovered the world of digital art. Sitting in my hostel dorm I watched countless videos on Youtube and was awestruck at the kind of work artists across the world were producing in the digital art space. I started drawing with a mouse which, of course, is ridiculously difficult and then researched to find the right tools. Being a college student, I couldn’t afford the equipment back then. A few months later I attended a cultural college fest and as expected there were painting competitions. I won three of them and knew exactly what to do with the cash prize that I earned. I got my first pen tablet immediately after and it is one of the best investments that I’ve made in my life. I used to paint quite often while I was in engineering and for a few months after that. Post that there was never enough time, I tried to keep up but with a regular job, it was hard to maintain consistency. So, I took the plunge and I must say I’m absolutely loving the process.Many people have a notion that digital art is a scam and that it is not as credible as painting on canvas. I have immense respect for anyone who works with the traditional medium as I started my training with that. While the fundamentals of art remain the same, the approach to mastering both is vastly different. In fact, the digital medium provides one a myriad of options and the freedom to experiment. The “undo” option is undoubtedly a lifesaver. However, that should not take away the effort that one puts into perfecting a piece. After all, everyone deserves a chance to correct their mistakes. Also, if it was that easy everyone would be doing it. I feel art is so much more than just replicating an image. It is about pulling the observer into the piece and moving them with the composition. Through their work, it is about showing the world what the artists themselves see. Q. How do you see this space evolving in the future?There is still very little awareness of the digital painting field in India. It is common for me to encounter questions like, “Do you use an app to convert the images?” People fail to realize that it is painting where each stroke is made in hand. However, it is changing and with the increasing reach of marketing media such as Youtube, it is easier for creators to showcase their process and create awareness about the field. New business models are evolving with the increasing adoption of digital media. I personally feel we are living in the most exciting time for content creators to make something of their creative capabilities. Digital art fits into a large range of fields from animation, merchandising, comic industry, movies, games, graphic design and the list goes on. The sky is the limit for someone who wants to pursue a career in digital art.Q. Could you tell us a little bit about the services that you offer? What is the process like?Sure. We make stylised digital portraits. It starts with selecting the right image for the artwork. We ask our patrons to share as many images as they can of the people they wish to capture in a painting. Once the image is finalised we ask them what their expectations are. The discussion could range from the color palette, the overall tone, the elements that they want to add to the piece. We try to make the paintings personal and have some meaning to the people they showcase. For instance, if it’s a baby’s painting and the baby loves dogs, we include them in the composition. If a couple loves to travel to beaches or has a favorite memory of a place, then we bring that out in the painting. This way the painting becomes far more than just a replica of the image and ends up being much larger than life.Actually, we are running a giveaway on our handle at the moment and it would be great if your users can participate in it. We are giving away one free portrait to the winner of the contest. I will share the link with you.https://www.instagram.com/p/Bo81JjQHXYz/ Q. What is your life's philosophy?“One must choose the problems that they want to solve”. Life at the end of the day is about solving problems from the time we wake up to go to bed. Even the job that one takes is solving the problem of earning a livelihood, living a luxurious life or creating a name for themselves. What if one enjoys solving a certain kind of problem, life then becomes a fun and happy ride. I’ve only come to terms with this in the past few months and that has been an eye-opener. For me, it is simply to keep getting better at creating content that touches people’s lives. Everything I do now revolve around that!Q. If you could give a message to all the 20-year olds of the world, what would it be?There is a very famous quote by Alan Watts, “What would you do if money were no object?” If I could go back to when I was 20 I would tell myself to just focus on my craft. To enjoy the ride while getting better at it every single day. I have spent years doing things which I didn’t love doing and I get petrified at the thought of wasting away another 30 or so years doing the same. To the 20-year-olds, I would just say do what makes you happy as cliché as it may sound. Find your calling and go after it. You will be fine.Please join Artma Ventures on their journey. You can follow them at:www.facebook.com/artma42 www.instagram.com/artma42 We wish Artma Ventures All the Best for their upcoming journey. 

DHARM KI STHAPNA
 Atul Agarwal  
 4 December 2018  
Art

Respected Sirs,SUBJECT :- Cleaning of Society by Confession and Forgiving, Opportunity of Self Punishment or PRAYSCHIT, ReformationDHARM KI STHAPNA, is the hour of need. We are in minus, having numerous problems. How much minus? Unascertainable, endless ? Where to start to overcome these problems, no definite way is visible ? One major problem is of dishonesty. I hereby take liberty to suggest a way to overcome this problem. We may try to build a platform. We may restart our civilization. First, we declare ourselves to be on Zero. At different times, Government had launched Voluntary Disclosure of Income and Wealth Schemes (called VDS, VDIS, VIDS, Amnesty, etc.), first in 1951, second & third in 1965, fourth in 1975 and fifth in 1997. The broad objectives of all the VDSs were to unearth the undisclosed income & wealth, provide opportunity to the past evaders of tax to adopt the path of rectitude & civic responsibility, to mobilize resources and to channelise funds into priority sectors of the economy. Though the financial outcome of the VDSs of 1975 & 1997 might had been good, but, from the present scenario, you can very well visualize that, apart from collection of some earthed money (that too, of individuals own choice), none of the other objectives (in particular, returning to the path of rectitude & civic responsibility) were / have been achieved. Please introduce some more schemes. Scheme – I This time, scheme should be, not to only disclose the undisclosed income & wealth, but, a scheme of confession / declaration of every dishonesty / financial sin, including disclosure of all bad / black money / assets and surrender thereof. Percentage of surrender be fixed. Government will have to assign / designate this work to some department/s, which shall work as fast track courts in every district or even in rural areas, by taking cognizance of confession / declaration, by taking possession of surrendered money / assets, thereby implying compounding of offences, and forgiving / acquitting the declarant. However, such designated courts may have the power not to acquit such declarants, whose cases are linked with our Country’s security and integrity. This scheme be the last opportunity to us to return to the path of rectitude and civic responsibility. From the date of announcement of the scheme, dishonesty be put to strict vigil and immediate & deterrent punishment, which be continued for ever. After the closure of scheme, the non-declarants of bad / black money be searched, that money / assets be seized / disgorged and they be put for time bound trial before the fast track courts. Besides the black money in our Country, it has been reported (as read in newspapers) that the black money of over Rs.25 (some say Rs.70) Lakhs Crores of our Country was stashed in Swiss banks. This staggering amount of black money is a big hole in the national exchequer and the same can be diverted to the Country’s growth. Amazingly, each of 6 Lakhs villages in our Country would get a share of Rs.4 to Rs.10 Crores if the full amount of black money is retrieved, only from Swiss banks. Now is the time for Government to regain the black money, for which, aforesaid proposed scheme may be first used. Scheme – II In criminal cases, guilt may be divided in 5 categories e.g. negligible guilt, minor guilt, middle class guilt, major guilt and very major guilt. Cases may be discontinued / acquitted in the event of negligible guilt. Offences of minor and / or middle class guilt may be decided by consent orders by payments of expenses / costs & monetary penalties to the courts and damages / compensation to the complainants, by the accuseds. Cases of major guilt and very major guilt be decided in a maximum period of 02 years (one year at Lower Court, six months at High Court and six months at Supreme Court). Scheme – III All the civil disputes be first referred to system of jury / arbitration, where jury members / arbitrators, in each dispute, should first work towards an amicable settlement / conciliation and if the parties do not settle amicably, jury members / arbitrators will pronounce Order / Arbitration Award. Thereafter, there may be time bound court proceedings of maximum one year, upto the level of Supreme Court. This had been provided in CPC Amendment Bill of year 2000, which, probably, was put in THANDA BASTA / scrapped. Decree and Execution be clubbed. All, at least by heart, will welcome, these schemes, because they will have the opportunity for GANGA SANAN. Over 3 Crores cases are pending in courts across our Country. Clearing the backlog of cases is one of the biggest challenges. These schemes will substantially reduce the number of cases and will ease the burden of judiciary and all concerned & investigating departments of Government. Only by honesty, all plans of Government will truly reach to goal, including vision of Rural India. When honesty will prevail, there will be action (KARM) and that action will be in right direction & spirit. Government should do it. Victory is where justice reigns. With regards, Sincerely yours 

THOUGHTS CAN IMAPCT YOU A LOT
 Mahek Jain  
 24 December 2018  
Art

THOUGHTSSeptember 5, 2018EditThe uncomplicated definition of thought is a notion, perception or conception of one. Someone so truly said that ,”As a single step footstep will not make a path on the Earth, so a single thought will not make a pathway in the mind.To make a deep mental path, we must think over and over the kind of thoughts we wish to dominate our lives!”Yes! The way you think, is the way you become. It is not just the volume of efforts you put in, but also the type of thoughts you possess. The thoughts that you have in your mind, have an intense impact on your behaviour, success, existence and your emotions.The brain stimulates responses in accordance to the gestures it receives.So, if you develop good thoughts, you’ll have a positive impact . For example: Whenever you are struck with any problem ,don’t panic. Just give your brain positive gestures like everything is normal, I can deal with it.Giving such positive gestures prepares the mind and let’s you stay calm.In the same situation, if you express dismay or get thoughts in your mind like,’ I can’t do anything, Everything is done,’ then your mind gets prepared in such a way that you become all the more alarmed and tensed. Although having positive thoughts can’t solve your problem,’but it will atleast give you courage and inspiration to solve it.I don’t want to stress on the point to have positive thoughts but instead I would suggest you people to always have such thoughts that will make your life simpler. Where some thoughts make up your life , some thoughts destruct it.Thoughts come a lot, some help you trot while some cause you rot. One should understand the fine line between positive and negative thoughts. The thought that calm you down are the positive ones and the ones that warm you up are the negative ones. What may be a positive thought for one may not be positive for the other. For instance Getting a change in society in terms of eradicating superstitions may be a positive thought for one but might be a negative thought for the other since he/she might believe that superstitions are necessary!“Positive feel’s wheel heals quickly!” So,Think you are the conqueror, you will become so. Think you own this world , you’ll definitely own one day. Once you just realize the power of your thoughts you will never think a negative thought. The day you change your thoughts, you can change the world.Thus, HAVE STRONG BELIEF, IT PROVIDES YOU RELIEF. SHAPE YOUR THOUGHTS, TO GET RID OF TRAP IN WHICH YOU ARE CAUGHT…….

Microsoft Office 365 Migration Is Advantageous To Businesses
 Clara Dsouza  
 22 January 2019  
Art

People who want to elaborate their enterprise without loosing money for additional servers. Office 365 is the solution for them. Usage of this makes particular business advanced and more faster than other competitors. Office 365 is very simple to use and gives access to documents, emails and contacts. And allows you to respond fast to your customers.Advantages of Office 365 Usage:Security EnhancementMicrosoft made this solution for the enhancement of business security requirements and it also satisfy the customer needs.By using office 365, customers can avoid issues like managing content expiration, document sharing and editing and also it is accomplished with Information Rights Management Technology.To provide federal agencies with the maximum amount of data isolation, Microsoft Office 365 works with ITAR Support.Cost ReductionIn these days cost too high for technological infrastructure, maintained on premises. In present time, enterprises are interested in renting  the services at less prices, instead of purchasing and maintaining software and hardware.  According to the business experts migration allows the business to increase their savings.Microsoft Office 365 Benefits It ought to be noticed that Microsoft Office 365 relocation naturally furnishes the clients with exceptional highlights and propelled variants of coordinated effort devices. It additionally expels the burden of managing hardware and software. It clears a path for IT assets to be utilized in other fundamental zones of business. Additionally, Microsoft Office 365 can be gotten to through every earlier form of MS working frameworks, and through different gadgets like PCs, cell phones, and tablet.ConclusionMany advantages are there in Office 365 Migration which increases the business gains. If you are looking for office 365 migration then you must checkout EdbMails Office 365 Migration tool. Office 365 Migration has greatly increased over the years but Migration to Office 365 from an on-premise exchange server has never been easier than now thanks to the powerful all-in-one migration utility from EdbMails. Each Mailbox can be migrated selectively or as a whole from the exchange environment to Office 365 using EdbMails.

StoryMirror in conversation with AUTHOR Atharv Nilesh Vedant
 StoryMirror Feed  
 18 February 2019  
Art

Q:Please give details about your initial education and forming years of life. A: I am just a 12 year old school boy. I joined school at a normal age; but two roads diverged into the woods and I took the one less travelled by. I guess that has made the difference. I still vividly remember when I used to hold that ABC book upside down but read with as much determination as a NEET or JEE student. Slowly but steadily, I became civilized (Mentally) and particular.  The development of the mind resulted in improved ethics and a unique way of thinking.                Q: How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write?  A: I first got exposed and associated with literature with this book called “PINNOCHIO”. It is a very popular story, and it has been adapted into movies too.Though Carlo Collodi had used much simplified language, but for then me being a first or second grader, it was literature to me. With this I developed the aptitude for reading literature (but now the level has changed from Collodi to Poe, though)I can say that my dedication towards reading inspired me to write. I never thought about writing poems till sixth grade. But rather this should be modified to “who inspired you to write”. If that’s the question, I can blindly say my father. He is the one who improved my vocabulary to this extent.Q: What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work? A: Talking of difficulties, my biggest enemy is noise. I cannot concentrate when there is unnecessary sound. But the difficulty is never running out of fuel. For I am a poetry man, my point of view for literature is totally different. Q: What is your view about the present-day literary work?Present literature is a mixture or different styles of writing. Writers like Anand Neelkanthan, Amish, and Chetan Bhagat etc. have their own way of weaving their yarn, but a little essence of other styles is prevalent. I cannot compare their skills because nowadays only two to three authors from the same genre are seen on the book rack and all the writers I mentioned are of different genres.Q: Do you think that the emergence of digital and social media has given a new opportunity to creative writers? A: Digital media has provided a huge platform for young and aspiring writers like me. There are lakhs like me striving for recognition, and it has affected many lives. But social media has to be used for writing very carefully. If any inappropriate content is written and posted on social media, it can be a negative sign for the writer’s upcoming journey.Q: Please tell us something about your literary work.A: This my first attempt into the world of literature. All I can tell about my literary work is that it is a poetry collection with themes that touch every aspect of life.Q: What was your first literary work and how was it published? A: My first book is about to be published in two months or so. I am very excited about it.Q: How many ways literature can contribute to society in future?A: In future, literature can contribute to all fields such as science and commerce and also in other businesses. Literature will be ergonomic.Q: Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world?A: In 5 years I picture myself as a successful published author. Though not a big writer, but at least I will not go unnoticed in a crowd.Q: What ways would you suggest on building a community for poets?A: I was planning to build a society for poets’ right after seeing the movie dead poets’ society. My idea is that first a digital platform should be used to create a community for poets and writers and then there should be meetings, orientations, seminars etc.Q: What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers? A: I would like to convey this message to the young aspiring writers like me:HOLD ON TO YOUR DREAMS,DON’T LET THEM DIE,WITHPUT THEM,WE ARE BIRDS THAT CANNOT FLY.Q: How was your experience of writing on StoryMirror? A: My experience on writing on storyMirror has been a memorable one. StoryMirror has provided me a platform on which I can let my ideas and words at stray. I will continue writing on StoryMirror.Q: Would you like to say something about StoryMirror? A: StoryMirror is a great initiative. Appreciation will come out of everywhere for such a noble aim- WRITE, WRITE, WRITE.Here is the link to read my content https://storymirror.com/profile/myy75nzd/atharv-nilesh-vedant/poems 

StoryMirror in conversation with Author Aditi Bhushan
 StoryMirror Feed  
 18 February 2019  
Art

Your full name:Aditi BhushanPlease give details about your initial education and forming years of life.My father was serving Indian Defense, due to which my initial education has taken place in South-Indian states in Kendriya Vidyalayas, CBSE Board. Major part of my schooling took place in Mumbai. When I stepped in College life, I chosen the professional technical course Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA) from SNDT Women’s university based out at Mumbai. I completed my post-graduation as Masters of Science in Computer Application from Symbiosis International University, Pune. This gave me the direction to become a software engineer. After Marriage and Pregnancy, I chose to swap my career option to prosper my family responsibilities. I completed two more professional bachelor degree courses, one in Library Science (BLIS) and another as Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) from University of Mumbai, This way, today I am having three professional Bachelor’s Degree. I love to upgrade myself, and thus I always keep my studies on.How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write?  Literature has always drawn my attention since childhood. In childhood, I was a very shy kind of person. I started to write mini poems since I was eight. And my only audience who was allowed to read them was my Mom. Whether it is English Literature or Hindi Sahitya, they are my favorite past times and I love to spend most of my time into reading something. I mostly prefer mythology.I give credit to my friend Mr. Atul Singh, who was the only writer in my big friend circle. What inspired me from him was that being mechanical cum marine engineer he used to write moral punchlines and poetries over Facebook. Somewhere, I felt after seeing his posts, even I should also try it. I appreciate that he came up putting them on Facebook, as I found this helpful to publish my own written posts over my shy nature.My interest in mythology and practice of Krishna Consciousness has made me to put up my first ever-Hindi version of poem over Krishna. I shared in on Facebook, and I got good comments from my friends. This pushed me more in writing, after some time, I found myself expressing my feelings mostly in form of some poetries. Whatever I write comes from a chapter of my life. What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work? Looking for the right word.What is your view about the present day literary work? People have immense talent, it inspires me how organized and in orderly manner they express their ideas in present day literary work.Do you think that the emergence of digital and social media has given a new opportunity to creative writers? Indeed. With advent of digital media, it has become very easy to work and enhance your language skills. To build up your vocabulary and most important, you do not have to look for a teacher every time to correct your mistakes. Everything is taken care by internet.Please tell us something about your literary work. I do write on my personal blogs and do publish research articles. But StoryMirror is the only platform that has given me my space to write.What was your first literary work and how was it published? It was a research article on e-assessment of mathematics for secondary students, where I alone have researched, written and published it with International Journal of Science and Research Publication.How many ways literature can contribute to society in future?I feel literature can induce moral values, empathy, patriotism and feeling of sacrifices to current and upcoming generation to produce a productive nation oriented society.Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world?Emerging as better writer.What ways would you suggest to build a community for poets?We can have a dedicated group on whatsapp or facebook. Where we can share ideas.What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers? Never underestimate your caliber of writing. Appreciate critics and work on them.How was your experience of writing on Storymirror?  Excellent. I thank you StoryMirror for many people like us, who wants to write but due to lack of proper medium, usually don’t write. I found myself communicating my ideas, my narratives on StoryMirror very useful, as more I write the more I get motivated to write.Would you like to say something about Storymirror?StoryMirror is doing the best of its kind of work. I call this a big social work, a big help to grow our children as writers. I would encourage my students and kids to put up their write-ups with StoryMirror. Because nor only you inspire us, you motivate us with best rewards and certificates. Thank You StoryMirror. Keep up this good work always up.Here is the link to read my content https://storymirror.com/profile/ltwrplgo/aditi-priya/stories 

StoryMirror in conversation with author Pulkit Maheshwari
 StoryMirror Feed  
 22 February 2019  
Art

Q:Please give details about your initial education and forming years of life. A: I completed my initial education from the various hindi medium schools of Jaipur and then completed my engineering. Like most youngsters of India my forming years were a struggle between listening to my heart and family. I will talk about it more in my upcoming book.Q: How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write? A: For me it wasn't that difficult, I was writing whatever was coming in my heart and still I do the same only.Q: What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work? A: People have become more opened up and they are pouring their hearts out through their writing. Previous generations work was mainly about society, but today's generation work is mainly about life experiences.Q: What is your view about the present day literary work? A: Yes, certainly it did that and doing that as well.Q: Please tell us something about your literary work. A: My literary work is mainly based upon my life experiences and my emotions. How I fought through the long streak of depression has definitely given a direction and motivation to my writing.Q: What was your first literary work and how was it published? A: Couple of urdu poems and they got published because of the motivation and support from my soul mother.Q: How many ways literature can contribute to society in future?A: In every possible way.Q: Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world?A: Hard to find some time to think that far.Q: What ways would you suggest to build a community for poets?A: Poets should be more opened in communicating and sharing thoughts. Also, they should help each-other by pointing out the mistakes and give suggestions for improvements. Q: What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers?A: Listen to your heart.Q: How was your experience of writing on StoryMirror?  A: It was a good exposure.Q: Would you like to say something about StoryMirror? A: It's good platform to support budding writers.Here is the link to read my content https://storymirror.com/profile/pemocbrh/pulkit-maheshwari/poems

StoryMirror in conversation with author Suman Mishra
 StoryMirror Feed  
 22 February 2019  
Art

Q:Please give details about your initial education and forming years of life.  A: I am of 11th std, science student in odm public school , bhubaneswar odisha . Preparing and aiming for medical in future. Besides i love writing and discovered this passion of mine at an early age.Q: How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write?   A: Literature has always been my favorite. I used to read novels, short stories and poems which later inspired me to write. I love playing with words and try to write every sentence with the deep and realistic feeling.Q: What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work?  A: Coming to difficulties, I have tried to write a novel many a times yet i am just not able to write the way it should be. Aiming to have my solo novel published is not just a dream but needs a lot of hard work as well. Literary writing brings the original though from a writer’s mind yet if not completed, gives disappointment as well.Q: What is your view about the present-day literary work? A: The modern day literature has become so modernized that we are forgetting out ethics and culture and it leads to the degradation of the literature as well.Q: Do you think that the emergence of digital and social media has given a new opportunity to creative writers? A: Yes the emergence of digital and social sites have given a lot of opportunities for the young , modern and aspiring writers to showcase their talents.Q: Please tell us something about your literary work.A: My literary work involves everything that is around me . May be it on social causes , emotions , abstract or anything that connects me to the deepest of my emotions , that’s where I start to pen my thoughts , mostly in poetry . Q: What was your first literary work and how was it published? A: My first literary work is titled as 'maa' which i wrote on the eve of my mother's birthday and had submitted the poem on a theme based poetry anthology it got selected that is going to be published in the upcoming months.Q: How many ways literature can contribute to society in future?A: Literature can contribute to the society in a million ways , may be it changing the mindset , society's rules , literature has the power to change the thinking in unstoppable ways. Q: Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world?A: After 5 years , I see my literature world in a totally different way. Having got my solo book published that time would be a dream come true, planning for more such to change the world with my words and verses.Q: What ways would you suggest to build a community for poets?A: A community of poets would basically have mentors, experienced writers , learners , young writers and would form a group to aim for better literary knowledge and more anthologies.Q: What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers? A: To all the aspiring writers , you can do it . I know its a bit of a difficult journey at the start , but eventually things would fall in its own place. Just pen down your feelings and let the words express what you want to convey. If you think u can do it you would definitely be able to do it . All my best wishes to you.Q: How was your experience of writing on StoryMirror?  A: My experience in storyMirror has been incredibly nice. Q: Would you like to say something about StoryMirror? A: StoryMirror provides an amazing platform for all the writers to know more, learn and grow from it .Here is the link to read my content https://storymirror.com/profile/z3dv6kea/suman-mishra/stories

StoryMirror in conversation with author Suman Mishra
 StoryMirror Feed  
 24 February 2019  
Art

Q: Please give details about your initial education and forming years of life. A: I am of 11th std, science student in odm public school , bhubaneswar odisha . Preparing and aiming for medical in future. Besides i love writing and discovered this passion of mine at an early age.Q: How did you get interested in literature? What inspired you to write?   A: Literature has always been my favorite. I used to read novels, short stories and poems which later inspired me to write. I love playing with words and try to write every sentence with the deep and realistic feeling.Q: What difficulties did you have to face with respect to literary work?  A: Coming to difficulties, I have tried to write a novel many a times yet i am just not able to write the way it should be. Aiming to have my solo novel published is not just a dream but needs a lot of hard work as well. Literary writing brings the original though from a writer’s mind yet if not completed, gives disappointment as well.Q: What is your view about the present-day literary work?A: The modern day literature has become so modernized that we are forgetting out ethics and culture and it leads to the degradation of the literature as well.Q: Do you think that the emergence of digital and social media has given a new opportunity to creative writers?A: Yes the emergence of digital and social sites have given a lot of opportunities for the young , modern and aspiring writers to showcase their talents.Q: Please tell us something about your literary work.A: My literary work involves everything that is around me . May be it on social causes , emotions , abstract or anything that connects me to the deepest of my emotions , that’s where I start to pen my thoughts , mostly in poetry . Q: What was your first literary work and how was it published?A: My first literary work is titled as 'maa' which i wrote on the eve of my mother's birthday and had submitted the poem on a theme based poetry anthology it got selected that is going to be published in the upcoming months.Q: How many ways literature can contribute to society in future?A: Literature can contribute to the society in a million ways , may be it changing the mindset , society's rules , literature has the power to change the thinking in unstoppable ways. Q: Where do you see yourself after 5 years in the literary world?A: After 5 years , I see my literature world in a totally different way. Having got my solo book published that time would be a dream come true, planning for more such to change the world with my words and verses.Q: What ways would you suggest to build a community for poets?A: A community of poets would basically have mentors, experienced writers , learners , young writers and would form a group to aim for better literary knowledge and more anthologies.Q: What message would you like to give to aspiring new writers?A: To all the aspiring writers , you can do it . I know its a bit of a difficult journey at the start , but eventually things would fall in its own place. Just pen down your feelings and let the words express what you want to convey. If you think u can do it you would definitely be able to do it . All my best wishes to you.Q: How was your experience of writing on StoryMirror?  A: My experience in storyMirror has been incredibly nice. Q: Would you like to say something about StoryMirror?A: StoryMirror provides an amazing platform for all the writers to know more, learn and grow from it .

Marital rape
 Rajabala Tripathy  
 1 April 2019  

**Marital Rape**it refers to unwanted intercourse by a man with his wife obtained by force, threat of force, or physical violence, or when she is unable to give consent. It is a non-consensual act of violent perversion by a husband against the wife where she is physically and sexually abused. Approximations have quoted that every 6 hours; a young married woman is burnt or beaten to death, or driven to suicide from emotional abuse by her husband. The UN Population Fund states that more than 2/3rds of married women in India, aged between 15 to 49 have been beaten, raped or forced to provide sex. In 2005, 6787 cases were recorded of women murdered by their husbands or their husbands’ families. 56% of Indian women believed occasional wife-beating to be justified.While marital rape gets documented in hospitals, cases are rarely registered, since it is excluded from the India Penal Code’s (IPC) definition of rape, says an analysis by Dilaasa, a counselling centre based out of K.B. Bhabha Hospital in Bandra. “Very rarely do patients tell us about marital rape. In a few cases, we see injuries and probe them. They are not aware this is wrong There is a pattern to the silence: women stay quiet about the assault when young, but are willing to report it at a later stage.’In the present day, studies indicate that between 10 and 14% of married women are raped by their husbands. Sexual assault by one’s spouse accounts for approximately 25% of rapes committed. Of the 664 cases, 159 cases were marital rape in 2015 at NGO Sneha’s crisis counselling centre in Dharavi. At Sneha’s counselling centres at KEM and Sion hospitals, of 218 cases of domestic violence received in 2015, 64 women said they had faced marital rape. Dilaasa analysed 13 cases of sexual violence from the emergency rooms of two of Mumbai’s public hospitals, Rajawadi in Ghatkopar, and Bhabha between 2011 and 2014 and found that only in five instances did the police register a case, mostly under Section 498 (A) (domestic violence), or the contentious Section 377 (unnatural offences). Dilaasa’s domestic violence data shows 60% married women report sexual violence, forced sex being its most common form. Dilaasa notes, “In almost all the cases, the police delay the collection of medical evidence from these hospitals and also do not wish to record an FIR. Union Minister Maneka Gandhi said that even if there was a law against marital rape, women won’t report it. According to the latest National Health and Family Survey (NFHS-4) for 2015-16, 5.4% women have experienced marital rape, under this category. But while the data on marital rape in India exists, marital rape as a crime, “does not exist”. And yet 5.4% of married Indian women say they have experienced marital rape. The figure recorded by NFHS-3 for 2005-6 was 9.5%. Sexual violence of course gets progressively worse if the husband is an alcoholic – 66% of married women experienced physical or sexual violence when “husband gets drunk often”. But only 10% of married victims of sexual violence seek help.The situation is worst in Manipur, 55% of married Manipuri women have been victims to these kinds of violence. Sikkim has the lowest number of victims at 3.5%. The National Health and Family Survey records both sexual and non sexual violence. The survey has looked at married women in the age group of 15-49. The highest form of non-sexual violence comes from men slapping women – 25% of women surveyed said they have been slapped. In all, 12% of married women said they have been pushed, shaken and have had things thrown at them. 10% said the husbands have pulled their arms or hair. Another 7.5% said they have been punched with fists or objects and 7% said they have been kicked, dragged and beaten up. More so, 1.5% said they have been choked or burnt and 0.8% said they have been threatened or attacked with guns, knives and other weapons.👉Marital rape may be broadly classified into following two categories:1.Sexual coercion by non-physical means– this form of coercion involves social coercion in which the wife is compelled to enter into sexual intercourse by reminding her of her duties as a wife. This form of coercion entails applying non-physical techniques and tactics like verbal pressure  like include making false promises, threatening to end the marital relationship, lies, not conforming to the victim’s protests to stop, etc.2. Forced sex– this involves the use of physical force to enter into sexual intercourse with an unwilling woman. It can be further classified into the following three categories:i. Battering Rape- this form of marital rape involves the use of aggression and force against the wife. The women are either battered during the sexual act itself or face a violent aggression after the coerced sexual intercourse. The beating may also occur before the sexual assault so as to compel her into sexual intercourse.ii. Force Only Rape- in this form of rape, the husband does not necessarily batter the wife, but uses as much force as is necessary to enter into sexual intercourse with the unwilling wife.iii. Obsessive Rape- this form of rape involves the use of force in sexual assault compiled with perverse acts against the wife. It involves a kind of sexual sadistic pleasure enjoyed by the husband.👉*Marital rape is illegal in 18 American States, 3 Australian States, New Zealand, Canada, Israel, France, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Soviet Union, Poland and Czechoslovakia. In India, a marriage is a bond of trust and that of affection. A husband exercising sexual superiority, by getting it on demand and through any means possible, is not part of the institution. Legislators use results of research studies as an excuse against making marital rape an offence, which indicates that many survivors of marital rape, report flash back, sexual dysfunction, emotional pain, even years out of the violence and worse, they sometimes continue living with the abuser. For these reasons, even the latest report of the Law Commission has preferred to adhere to its earlier opinion of non-recognition of “rape within the bonds of marriage” as such a provision may amount top excessive interference wit the marital relationship. Rape in any form is an act of utter humiliation, degradation and violation rather than an outdated concept of penile/vaginal penetration. Restricting an understanding of rape reaffirms the view that rapists treat rape as sex and not violence and hence, condone such behavior in India. The importance of consent for every individual decision cannot be over emphasized. A woman can protect her right to life and liberty, but not her body, within her marriage, which is just ironical. Women so far have had recourse only to section 498-A of the IPC, dealing with cruelty, to protect themselves against “perverse sexual conduct by the husband”. But, where is the standard of measure or interpretation for the courts, of ‘perversion’ or ‘unnatural’, the definitions within intimate spousal relations? Is excessive demand for sex perverse? Isn’t consent a sine qua non? Is marriage a license to rape? There is no answer, because the judiciary and the legislature have been silent.👉*India’s parliamentarians just could not find it in them to treat married and unmarried women equally, on matters of rape. “Married women only have the option of using section 498A of the Indian Penal Code, which lays down provisions on cruelty, if they need to allege sexual violence against their husbands,” says Kavita Krishnan, secretary of the All India Progressive Women’s Association.And although Section 377 is known as the law which prohibits “gay sex,” it in fact prohibits “unnatural sex,” an act which can take place between straight people as well. “Sometimes women have used Section 377 if they want to press charges of rape against their husbands,” says Krishnan.Section 375, the provision of rape in the Indian Penal Code (IPC), has echoing very archaic sentiments, mentioned as its exception clause- “Sexual intercourse by  man with his own wife, the wife not being under 15 years of age, is not rape.” Criminal charges of sexual assault may be triggered by other acts, which may include genital contact with the mouth or anus or the insertion of objects into the vagina or the anus, all without the consent of the victim. It is a conscious process of intimidation and assertion of the superiority of men over women.👉*There are many reasons such as husband believe in the superiority of men over women; some domestic issues, demand of women for her right in a marital relationship etc. Therefore, the main reason of this marital menace is a wide spread of gender inequality prevailing in our society. The male-dominated system of social norms where woman whether married or unmarried does not have the equal rights in any which way. It is the biggest weapon in hands of man to exploit the women. The role of traditionally assigned to married women in the society. Indian married women are considered as pativratastri means pure, faithful and obliging women. Thus married women have to follow her husband and fulfil all his requirements. The sexual relationship has been considered as an important part of the marriage, it is a woman’s duty towards her husband and she is not supposed to deny that to him. Her rile must be of submission and surrender. Economic dependence on her husband and in-laws is the reason that married women are unable to protect her from frequent practice of marital rape and she is forced to bear it. There must be strict laws for marital rape and the government should make some rules to reduce this problem.Rajabala

Microsoft Office 365 Migration Is Advantageous To Businesses
 Emma Wils  
 22 April 2019  
Art

People who want to elaborate their enterprise without loosing money for additional servers. Office 365 is the solution for them. Usage of this makes particular business advanced and more faster than other competitors. Office 365 is very simple to use and gives access to documents, emails and contacts. And allows you to respond fast to your customers.Security EnhancementMicrosoft made this solution for the enhancement of business security requirements and it also satisfy the customer needs.By using office 365, customers can avoid issues like managing content expiration, document sharing and editing and also it is accomplished with Information Rights Management Technology.To provide federal agencies with the maximum amount of data isolation, Microsoft Office 365 works with ITAR Support.Cost ReductionIn these days cost too high for technological infrastructure, maintained on premises. In present time, enterprises are interested in renting  the services at less prices, instead of purchasing and maintaining software and hardware.  According to the business experts migration allows the business to increase their savings.Microsoft Office 365 Benefits It ought to be noticed that Microsoft Office 365 relocation naturally furnishes the clients with exceptional highlights and propelled variants of coordinated effort devices. It additionally expels the burden of managing hardware and software. It clears a path for IT assets to be utilized in other fundamental zones of business. Additionally, Microsoft Office 365 can be gotten to through every earlier form of MS working frameworks, and through different gadgets like PCs, cell phones, and tablet.ConclusionMany advantages are there in Office 365 Migration which increases the business gains. If you are looking for office 365 migration then you must checkout EdbMails Office 365 Migration tool. Office 365 Migration has greatly increased over the years but Migration to Office 365 from an on-premise exchange server has never been easier than now thanks to the powerful all-in-one migration utility from EdbMails. Each Mailbox can be migrated selectively or as a whole from the exchange environment to Office 365 using EdbMails.For more information visit: Exchange Migration | Office 365 Migrate Mailbox | Office 365 Migration

Top 7 Android Emulators For Mac and PC
 Celine williams  
 10 June 2019  
Art

Android emulators are used for various purposes. They are used by Apple developers for testing their apps before releasing, gamers for playing games with the use of keyboard and mouse, and more. If you want to know about the best Android emulators for PC, they are below here for you.                                  Android EmulatorsHere are the best options for you:1. Android StudioAndroid Studio comes as the default development console for helping developers with making Android apps and games. It consists of a lot of great tools and even a built-in emulator for testing app or game. However, its setup process takes time to complete and is very complicated. This app is perfect for developers and but not for ones who don’t have much technical knowledge. You can get this app for free and use it as an emulator.2. Bluestacks 4Bluestacks is one of the most renowned Android emulators. It is easily accessible on Mac and Windows, and perfect for various purposes. However, it is made especially for ones who like to play mobile games on the PC. Bluestacks 4, which was launched back in 2018, is the recent version of Bluestacks. It is much better than the earlier versions and works smoothly even on old PCs.3. GenymotionGenymotion is also an ideal app only for developers. It is a free app with paid options and allows you to test apps ideally. You can configure the emulator according to various devices with different Android versions accordingly. For example, if you use Nexus 6 having Android 6.0 or Nexus One having Android 4.2. The best thing is that you can use it on both computer and cloud.4. KoPlayerIn comparison with other Android emulators, KoPlayer is a newer option. It also targets gamers only. Even, it allows users to record their gameplay and upload it on different online platforms. The installation process is easy, and you will have no problem using it also. Like most of the Android emulator for PC, it works in a virtual machine.5. Droid4XDroid4X lacks an outstanding design but is undoubtedly one of the best Android emulators for PC.  It is compatible with simple games and tries to reach out to the gamers mainly. But you can do different, productive things in it as well. Also, it was updated for last time on March 2016, and that is a drawback for this app. Both Mac and Windows users can get this app and use it on their device.6. ARChonARChon is not exactly like other emulators on this list. It is being offered as an extension on Google Chrome. Once you install the extension on Chrome, you can ideally access Android apps and games on it. ARChon can be used on different platforms such as Linux, Mac, Windows, and more. Though, its working process is complicated than most of the Android emulators for PC.7. BlissBliss also runs through a virtual machine and is different than others. You can directly flat run on your PC with the use of a USB Stick, which makes it unique, but the installation process is not easy. The system compatibility matters a lot for using it. If we consider the Android versions, it is capable of running Android Oreo among the recent release. Bliss is recommended for the tech-savvy as well.So, these options are the best for the ones looking for Android emulators for Mac and PC!Source: Lexmark printer support  |   Top 7 Android Emulators

Best websites for backinks
 Pradeep Katiyar  
 11 June 2019  
Art

Best websites for backlinks

How to Delete Snapchat Stickers
 Celine williams  
 12 June 2019  

Stickers have become an important element of the Snapchat application. Snapchat comes with a new feature where you can customize your own Snapchat stickers. But what will you do when you have added a wrong sticker on your Snapchat account? You do not have to worry as you can delete those stickers before uploading any picture on your Snapchat account. In this article, you will get to know how to delete Snapchat stickers and how to delete your customized Snapchat sticker by following the steps mentioned below.                                                       Snapchat StickersSteps to Delete Snapchat Stickers from the Snap•Long press on the sticker which you wish to delete from your Snapchat account.•    You will get the trash symbol given on the right-hand corner of the Snapchat application.•    Put the unnecessary sticker to the trash folder•    The selected sticker will get removed from your Snapchat account.•    In case you have any other Snapchat sticker, then it will be on the snap.Steps to Create Your Own Snapchat Stickers•    Launch the Snapchat application by going to the application window.•    Search for the thing which you wish to put as a Snapchat sticker.•    You need to take a screenshot of it.•    Press on the scissors symbol located on the right-hand corner of the display after capturing a screenshot.•    You need to outline the Snapchat sticker on the picture.•    Now, you will get the sticker on the snap account.•    The Snapchat will store the sticker in the album.•    Now, you will get all the created stickers in the album, by pressing on the scissors symbol.Steps to Remove Your Own Stickers•    Click on the Snapchat application by going to the main menu.•    Capture a screenshot or photo to go to the sticker window.•    Press on the sticker symbol provided to the right-hand side of the display.•    Choose the sticker symbol given on the sticker window.•    Keep pressing on the sticker.•    Now, the trash symbol will start showing on the upper right-hand side of the display.•    Pull the ticker to the trash folder.•    This procedure will remove all the sticker permanently by going to your Snapchat account.Steps to Remove Bitmoji Stickers on your Snapchat Account•    Choose the bitmoji profile located on the upper left-hand side of the display.•    Press on the profile picture of the bitmoji.•    Click on the “Unlink My Bitomoji” button.•    This procedure will delete all the bitmoji stickers when you open your Snapchat account.•    You are not able to remove any particular bitmoji.To read more: Delete Snapchat Stickers  |   Epson printer support